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Scientific classification

Farmer et al. 1981[1]
Type species
Kluyvera ascorbata[1]

K. ascorbata[1]
K. cryocrescens[1]
K. georgiana[1]
K. intermedia[1]

Kluyvera is a Gram negative, facultatively anaerobic bacterial and motile genus from the family of Enterobacteriaceae which have peritrichous flagella.[1][2] Kluyvera occur in water, soil and sewage.[3] Kluyvera bacteria can cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.[3]


The etymology of this genera is the following : Kluy’ver.a. N.L. fem. n. Kluyvera, named given by Asai et al. in 1956 to honor the Dutch microbiologist A.J. Kluyver.[1]

Transference of antibiotic resistance[edit]

In 2010, a gene blaCTX-M-15 responsible for coding CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) jumped from its chromosome to its plasmid, which was then shared among several bacteria. ESBL confers resistance to pathogenic bacterial strains. This caused the development of antibiotic resistance in almost all known pathogenic bacteria at that time.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Parte, A.C. "Kluyvera". LPSN.
  2. ^ Farmer, J.j. (1 January 2015). "Kluyvera". Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: 1–18. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.gbm01151.
  3. ^ a b Long, Sarah; Pickering, Larry; Prober, Charles G. (2012). Principles and practice of pediatric infectious diseases (4th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 1-4557-3985-5.
  4. ^ Kumarasamy KK, Toleman MA, Walsh TR, Bagaria J, Butt F, Balakrishnan R, Chaudhary U, Doumith M, Giske CG, Irfan S, Krishnan P, Kumar AV, Maharjan S, Mushtaq S, Noorie T, Paterson DL, Pearson A, Perry C, Pike R, Rao B, Ray U, Sarma JB, Sharma M, Sheridan E, Thirunarayan MA, Turton J, Upadhyay S, Warner M, Welfare W, Livermore DM, Woodford N (September 2010). "Emergence of a new antibiotic resistance mechanism in India, Pakistan, and the UK: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study". Lancet Infect Dis. 10 (9): 597–602. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70143-2. PMC 2933358. PMID 20705517.

Further reading[edit]