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Kode9 and The Spaceape performing at MUTEK
Kode9 and The Spaceape performing at MUTEK
Background information
Birth nameSteve Goodman
Born1973 (age 47–48)
Glasgow, Scotland
GenresElectronic, dubstep, future garage, UK bass
Occupation(s)Musician, record label owner, remixer, DJ
InstrumentsSynthesizer, sampler, mixing desk, turntables, bass guitar
Years active1991–present
Associated actsThe Spaceape

Steve Goodman, known as Kode9 (born 1973) is a Scottish electronic music artist, DJ, and founder of the Hyperdub record label.[1] He was one of the founding members of the early dubstep scene with the late MC and former collaborator The Spaceape. He has released three full-length albums: Memories of the Future (2006) and Black Sun (2011), both with The Spaceape, and Nothing (2015).

As owner of Hyperdub, Goodman has signed artists such as Burial, DJ Rashad, Zomby, and Fatima Al Qadiri. Goodman has a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Warwick and has published a book, Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear, in 2009.

Early career[edit]

Initially inspired by what he calls the "hardcore continuum" of British dance music, Kode9 was formatively influenced by styles such as jungle, drum and bass and 2-step garage; he has mentioned his first encounter with jungle, in Edinburgh, as being "the most important musical event of my life".[2] Other genres that are common influences in his work include dub, dancehall (such as toasting), and Indian music. A move to Warwick and collaboration with the Cybernetic Culture Research Unit at University of Warwick studying rave culture, cybernetics, postmodernism and afrofuturism later led to a memetic philosophy regarding music, which he has spoken about at length in interviews.[3] In the late nineties, Kode9 moved to London, and established a name as a disc jockey in clubs such as FWD>>.[citation needed]

Current work[edit]

In 2004, Kode9 appeared on the second grime compilation on Rephlex records.[4] That same year, Kode9 founded Hyperdub records; the first release was Sine of the Dub, a collaboration between Kode9 and Daddy Gee, which was a minimal, loose cover version of Prince's "Sign "O" the Times". Kode9 treated the vocals to fit his idea of their delivery by "a man on his deathbed".[5] Subsequent releases established the label as an important and influential label within the dubstep genre. Hyperdub have since released records such as Burial's self-titled debut album, which The Wire magazine named their number one album of 2006.[6]

Goodman has a Ph.D in philosophy[7] from the University of Warwick and has also worked in academia.[8] As of 2006 he was working at the University of East London as a lecturer in media production, and course tutor for a master's program in sonic culture and taught several musicians and DJs such as Pixel 82 & Shem Booth-Spain sound/music theory and production.[8][9][10] In December 2009, his Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear, a book exploring the uses of acoustic force and how it affects whole populations was published by MIT Press.[11] The book also explores how sound can be deployed to set moods of dread and fear, how sound can be used as torture, as a weapon and as a threat.


Studio albums[edit]

DJ mixes[edit]

  • DJ Kicks - Hyperdub, 2010
  • Rinse:22 - Rinse, 2013
  • Fabriclive 100 (with Burial) - Fabric London, 2018

See also[edit]


  1. ^ IMO Records. "Kode9 Biography" Archived 20 April 2013 at archive.today, IMO Records Retrieved on 25 June 2012.
  2. ^ Invisible Jukebox, The Wire no. 269, July 2006
  3. ^ Sandhu, Sukhdev (16 November 2015). "How dub master Kode9 became the hero of zero". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  4. ^ Derek Walmsley, "Dubstep", The Wire Primers: A Guide to Modern Music, ed. Rob Young, London: Verso, 2009, p. 89.
  5. ^ Derek Walmsley, "Dubstep", The Wire Primers: A Guide to Modern Music, ed. Rob Young, London: Verso, 2009, p. 92
  6. ^ Rewind 2006, The Wire no. 275, January 2007.
  7. ^ Goodman, Steve (26 January 1999). "Turbulence : a cartography of postmodern violence". Wrap.warwick.ac.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Steve Goodman - UEL HSS (staff profile)". 22 September 2009. Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Kode9" - Artforum International, Vol. 45, Issue 4, December 2006". Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear catalogue description at MIT Press". Archived from the original on 4 January 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2009.

External links[edit]