|History of Japan|
Kōka (弘化) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, literally "year name") after Tenpō and before Kaei. This period spanned the years from December 1844 through February 1848. The reigning emperors were Ninkō-tennō (仁孝天皇) and Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇).
Change of era
- December 2, 1844 (Kōka gannen (弘化元年)): The new era name of Kōka, meaning "Becoming Wide or Vast", was created to mark a fire at Edo Castle in Tenpō 15.
The nengo was not changed concurrent with the accession of Emperor Komei; instead, the Kōka era was retained until about a year after the new emperor was enthroned.
Events of the Kōka era
- 1847 (Kōka 4): A major earthquake was recorded.
- 1848 (Kōka 5): The last subscription noh of the premodern era.
During these years, Hiroshige began making a series of prints showing beautiful women in contexts of famous places.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōka" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 546, p. 546, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.is.
- Keene, Donald. (2005). Emperor of Japan: Meiji and his world, 1852-1912, p. 101., p. 101, at Google Books
- Rath, Eric C. (2006). The Ethos of Noh: Actors And Their Art, p. 218., p. 218, at Google Books
- Oka, Isaburo. (1987). Hiroshige: Japan's great landscape artist, p. 87., p. 87, at Google Books
- Keene, Donald. (2005). Emperor of Japan: Meiji and his world, 1852-1912. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231123419; OCLC 57750432
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
| Era or nengō
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