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The Kopenhagener Straße in Berlin's Prenzlauer Berg district runs parallel to the Ringbahn tracks between busy Schönhauser Allee in the East all the way to the Mauerpark in the West, where the Berlin Wall separated the Soviet from the French sector. The street was named on 30 April 1899 after the Danish capital Copenhagen.
At a length of 800 metres (1 half mile) it features a nearly complete row of 61 apartment buildings built in the Jugendstil period with 4 modern houses and playgrounds in between. From East to West it is intersected by Rhinower Straße, then crossed by Sonnenburger Straße, by Ystader Straße and finally ends at Schwedter Straße at the northern end of the Mauerpark. At Sonnenburger Straße the Schönfließer Brücke, built in 1908 according to plans by Alfred Grenander, crossed the Ringbahn railway towards the north up until the end of World War II, when it was intentionally detonated to provide a hindrance to the advancing Soviet troops. Three buildings in the Kopenhagener Straße were destroyed in the process. As a replacement, a 60 m (200 ft) long pedestrian bridge was installed right beside during the governance of the German Democratic Republic (GDR).
A study prepared by the geography department at the Humboldt University of Berlin counted 45 different artists in the street, making this one of Berlin's significant creative functional clusters. Further one finds very many cafés, restaurants, bars and the infamous Mittwochsclub (Wednesday Club, located in the cellar under the Kohlenquelle Café in No. 16). The most obvious structure in the street is the former Humboldt transformer station at No. 61 (on the corner of Sonnenburger Straße), that was planned by the renowned German industrial architect Hans Heinrich Müller. An experimental urban children's farm (the Moritzhof) is located at the western end of the Kopenhagener Straße, providing the surreal view of horses and goats against a backdrop of dense urban housing and the Fernsehturm.
The Kopenhagener Straße was inhabited by artists and bohémiens much before German reunification. Despite the renovation and revival of the majority of the buildings since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the cobblestone street at the northern rim of Berlin's city centre has maintained its pre-unification calm and creative charm. For this reason the Kopenhagener Straße was selected as the movie set for several movies that indulge in GDR Ostalgie, for example Der Rote Kakadu and Sommer vorm Balkon. Aside from artists, many actors, authors and architects also have made the street their home or place of work. Approximately half of the current residents lived in the street before reunification. Newer inhabitants are mostly from former West Germany and other European countries.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kopenhagener Straße (Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg).|
- Transformer Station Kopenhagener Straße
- Kinderbauernhof im Mauerpark
- Roter Kakadu Official Movie Page
- Sommer Vorm Balkon Official Movie Page
- Die Kulturmeile - Raum für Kunst in der Kopenhagener Straße, Tagesspiegel 20 November 2006
- Katja Adelhof, HU-Berlin, 2006 Untersuchung zu "Räumlichen Clustern" u.a. in der Kopenhagener Straße