This article needs to be updated.(December 2017)
|Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor's Office|
|Jurisdiction||War crimes in the Kosovo War|
|Location||Raamweg 47, 2596 HN, The Hague, Netherlands|
The Hague, Netherlands
The Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor's Office (KSC & SPO; Dutch: Kosovotribunaal; Serbian: Косовска специјализована већа и Канцеларија специјалног тужилаштва; Albanian: Dhomat e Specializuara të Kosovës dhe Zyra e Prokurorit të Specializuar) is a court of Kosovo, located in The Hague (Netherlands), hosting four Specialist Chambers and the Specialist Prosecutors Office, which may perform their activities either at the KRSJI or in Kosovo. The court is currently set up for delegating the trials of the crimes committed by members of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic-Albanian paramilitary organisation which sought the separation of Kosovo from Yugoslavia during the 1990s and the eventual creation of a Greater Albania. The alleged crimes concern the period 1998–2000, during and at the end of the Kosovo war and directed afterwards against "ethnic minorities and political opponents". The court was formally established in 2016. It is separate from other Kosovar institutions, and independent. It is composed of a Specialist Prosecutor's Office and four Specialist Chambers, with themselves comprising Judges' Chambers and a Registry.
In December 2016 Ekaterina Trendafilova was elected first president. Among the people charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity are Kosovo former president Hashim Thaçi and senior Kosovar politician Kadri Veseli. On 15 September 2021 the court's first trial opened, the case against Salih Mustafa.
|Part of a series on the|
|Before March 1999|
In 2010, Swiss politician Dick Marty authored a Council of Europe-report in which he noted war crimes had been committed by the KLA. Partly based on that report, the prosecutor of the Special Investigative Taskforce (SITF) of the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX Kosovo) concluded sufficient evidence existed for prosecution of "war crimes, crimes against humanity as well as certain crimes against Kosovan law". The court is located outside Kosovo on request of the prosecutor in order to provide adequate protection to witnesses.
The Kosovo authorities have agreed with the EU on modalities of dealing with those serious allegations. On 3 August 2015, the Kosovo Assembly adopted Article 162 of the Kosovo Constitution and the Law on Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor's Office, following the Exchange of Letters between the President of Kosovo and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy in 2014. The Specialist Chambers are attached to each level of the court system in Kosovo – Basic Court, Court of Appeals, Supreme Court and Constitutional Court. They will function according to relevant Kosovo laws as well as customary international law and international human rights law.
The EU has supported the process from the outset and together with other contributing countries (Canada, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States of America) will financially support the work of the court.
The Specialist Chambers comprises two organs, the Chambers and the Registry. The Specialist Prosecutor's Office is an independent office for the investigation and prosecution of the crimes within the jurisdiction of the Specialist Chambers. The Specialist Chambers and the Specialist Prosecutor's Office are staffed with international judges, prosecutors and officers and have a seat in The Hague, the Netherlands.
Legal basis and organisation
Unlike many other non-Dutch judicial institutions in The Hague, the Kosovo Relocated Specialist Judicial Institution isn't an international court, but a court constituted through Kosovan legislation. To provide a proper legal basis for the court, Kosovo's constitution was amended (amendment 24) and Law No.05/L-053 on specialist chambers and specialist prosecutor's office was approved.
The court will be staffed by EU personnel and will have international judges only. The costs of the court will be borne by the EU as part of its Common Foreign and Security Policy. The four specialized chambers are all chambers of corresponding regular Kosovar institutions:
- The court of first instance of Pristina
- The court of Appeal
- Supreme Court
- Constitutional Court
The judges appointed to serve in the Court are:
- Keith Raynor (Vice-President), United Kingdom
- Roland Dekkers (Specialist Chamber of the Constitutional Court), Netherlands
- Anne Power-Forde (Specialist Chamber of the Constitutional Court), Ireland
- Vidar Stensland (Specialist Chamber of the Constitutional Court), Norway
- Antonio Balsamo (Specialist Chamber of the Constitutional Court, Reserve Judge), Italy
- Kai Ambos, Germany
- Michael Bohlander, Germany
- Emilio Gatti, Italy
- Nicolas Guillou, France
- Thomas Laker, Germany
- Guénaël Mettraux, Switzerland
- Vladimir Mikula, Czech Republic
- Andres Parmas, Estonia
- Michèle Picard, France
- Kenneth Roberts, Canada
- Charles Smith III, United States of America
- Mappie Veldt-Foglia, Netherlands
- Christine van den Wyngaert, Belgium
A total of eight persons have been indicted in the Kosovo Specialist Chambers. Of those indicted, all have been arrested and transferred to the Chambers' custody. The cases against five people are in the trial stage, the case against one person is in the appeals stage, and two persons are serving sentences.
to the KSC
|Salih Mustafa||12 June 2020||—||4||—||24 September 2020||Appealing sentence to 26 years' imprisonment|||
|Pjetёr Shala||12 June 2020||—||4||—||15 April 2021||Trial began on 21 February 2023|||
|Jakup Krasniqi||26 October 2020||6||4||—||4 November 2020||Trial began on 3 April 2023|||
|Rexhep Selimi||26 October 2020||6||4||—||5 November 2020||Trial began on 3 April 2023|||
|Hashim Thaçi||26 October 2020||6||4||—||5 November 2020||Trial began on 3 April 2023|||
|Kadri Veseli||26 October 2020||6||4||—||5 November 2020||Trial began on 3 April 2023|||
|Hysni Gucati||11 December 2020||—||—||6||25 September 2020||Serving sentence of 4.25 years' imprisonment and €100 fine|||
|Nasim Haradinaj||11 December 2020||—||—||6||25 September 2020||Serving sentence of 4.25 years' imprisonment and €100 fine|||
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- Balkan Insight
- "Case Information Sheet: Specialist Prosecutor v. Salih Mustafa (Case No. KSC-BC-2020-05/ KSC-CA-2023-02)" (PDF). KSC. 2023-03-28. Retrieved 2023-04-03.
- "KSC-BC-2020-05: Specialist Prosecutor v. Salih Mustafa Public Redacted Version of 'Indictment', dated 19 June 2020" (PDF). KSC. 2020-10-02. Retrieved 2020-11-06.
- "Case Information Sheet: Specialist Prosecutor v. Pjetër Shala (Case No. KSC-BC-2020-04)" (PDF). KSC. 2023-02-21. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
- "KSC-BC-2020-04: Specialist Prosecutor v. Pjetёr Shala Further redacted Indictment" (PDF). KSC. 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- "Case Information Sheet: Specialist Prosecutor v. Hashim Thaçi, Kadri Veseli, Rexhep Selimi and Jakup Krasniqi (Case No. KSC-BC-2020-06)" (PDF). KSC. 2023-04-03. Retrieved 2023-04-03.
- "KSC-BC-2020-06: Specialist Prosecutor v. Hashim Thaçi, Kadri Veseli, Rexhep Selimi and Jakup Krasniqi Public Lesser Redacted Version of Amended Indictment" (PDF). KSC. 2023-02-27. Retrieved 2023-03-01.
- "Case Information Sheet: Specialist Prosecutor v. Hysni Gucati & Nasim Haradinaj (Case No. KSC-BC-2020-07)" (PDF). KSC. 2023-02-27. Retrieved 2023-04-03.
- "KSC-BC-2020-07: Specialist Prosecutor v. Hysni Gucati and Nasim Haradinaj Lesser Redacted Indictment" (PDF). KSC. 2021-10-04. Retrieved 2021-10-05.