Kosti, Sudan

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Kosti
Kosti Residential Area
Kosti Residential Area
Kosti is located in Sudan
Kosti
Kosti
Location in Sudan (White Nile state highlighted)
Coordinates: 13°10′N 32°40′E / 13.167°N 32.667°E / 13.167; 32.667
CountryFlag of Sudan.svg Sudan
StateWhite Nile
Elevation1,250 ft (380 m)
Population (1993)
 • Total173,699

Kosti (also Kusti) is one of the major cities (population as of 1993 was 173,599) in Sudan that lies south of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, and stands on the western bank of the White Nile river opposite Rabak(the capital of the White Nile state)where there is a bridge. The city is served by Kosti Railway Station and Rabak Airport.

History[edit]

Kosti was founded shortly after 1899 by the Greek merchant Konstantinos “Kostas” Mourikis, who arrived in Sudan along with his brother following the Anglo-Egyptian victory over the indigenous Mahdist regime.[1] He set up a store on the White Nile, where pilgrims from West Africa to Mecca and Southern trade routes crossed. The settlement soon grew to a town and was named after "Kostas", illustrating the important role played by the Greeks in Sudan, especially in the field of trade.[2]

Economy[edit]

The large Kenana sugar refinery is located in Rabak east of the city.

Kosti is home to the El Imam El Mahdi University, established in 1994 as a public university funded by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. It is named in honor of Muhammad Ahmad, the leader of the Mahdia revolution in Sudan (1885-1898).[3]

Climate[edit]

Kosti, like most of Sudan, has a very dry climate. The climate stays hot throughout the year, even into November temperatures still break 100 degrees.[4][5]

Climate data for Kosti, Sudan (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.6
(105.1)
43.6
(110.5)
45.8
(114.4)
46.0
(114.8)
46.0
(114.8)
45.0
(113)
42.6
(108.7)
42.0
(107.6)
41.6
(106.9)
42.6
(108.7)
41.7
(107.1)
41.5
(106.7)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
34.8
(94.6)
38.5
(101.3)
41.2
(106.2)
41.2
(106.2)
38.6
(101.5)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
32.8
(91)
35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
32.0
(89.6)
35.7
(96.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
26.0
(78.8)
29.5
(85.1)
32.0
(89.6)
33.3
(91.9)
31.9
(89.4)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
27.9
(82.2)
29.3
(84.7)
27.6
(81.7)
24.6
(76.3)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
17.2
(63)
20.4
(68.7)
22.8
(73)
25.4
(77.7)
25.1
(77.2)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.4
(74.1)
20.5
(68.9)
17.2
(63)
21.5
(70.7)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
9.9
(49.8)
12.6
(54.7)
14.0
(57.2)
17.3
(63.1)
19.0
(66.2)
18.4
(65.1)
18.5
(65.3)
18.8
(65.8)
14.5
(58.1)
13.1
(55.6)
8.6
(47.5)
8.6
(47.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(0.059)
13.0
(0.512)
43.5
(1.713)
97.9
(3.854)
119.4
(4.701)
62.5
(2.461)
10.9
(0.429)
2.4
(0.094)
0.0
(0)
351.1
(13.823)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 2.4 5.4 10.0 12.2 6.7 2.4 0.3 0.0 39.6
Average relative humidity (%) 39 32 29 26 34 48 63 71 66 51 41 41 45.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 313.1 280.0 300.7 303.0 294.5 249.0 217.0 220.1 243.0 288.3 306.0 316.2 3,330.9
Percent possible sunshine 89 86 81 79 75 65 55 57 65 76 89 86 75
Source: NOAA[6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chaldeos, Antonios (2017). "Sudanese toponyms related to Greek entrepreneurial activity". Dotawo: A Journal of Nubian Studies. Vol. 4, Art. 1. – via DigitalCommons@Fairfield.
  2. ^ Kramer, Robert; Lobban, Richard; Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (4th ed.). Lanham / Toronto / Plymouth (UK): The Scarecrow Press. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-0-8108-6180-0.
  3. ^ "Historical Overview". El Imam El Mahdi University. Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  4. ^ http://www.weather-forecast.com/locations/Kosti
  5. ^ http://www.tutiempo.net/en/Weather/Kosti/HSKI.htm
  6. ^ "Kosti Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2016.