Sunset in Kratié Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kratié
|• Total||11,094 km2 (4,283 sq mi)|
|• Density||29/km2 (74/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-10|
Kratié or Kraches (Khmer: ក្រចេះ IPA: [krɑˈceh] "Powder Cosmetic") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the northeast. It borders Stung Treng to the north, Mondulkiri to the east, Kampong Thom and Kampong Cham to the west, and Tbong Khmum and Vietnam to the south.
The former Royal Capital Sampheak Borak during the Chenla Era is located in Sambo. In addition, Kratié has Vihear Sasar Muayroy Pagoda built in the 16th century. This pagoda is related to a Khmer legend Krapeur Nen Thun (Venerable Monk Thun, the Crocodile). Kratié has several temples built in the 8th century such as Khvas Pi, Pram, and Koh Kring that has perfect deities, ancient halls, Khmer ancient houses, and French-style buildings. The area near Kratié along the Mekong River was one of the most densely populated regions of the pre-Angkorian era of Cambodia.
Lon Nol was the province's governor in 1945. During foreign incursions and the civil wars into Cambodia, Kratié especially saw heavy fighting. During Operation Menu, Kratié was heavily bombed by the United States. Recovering unexploded ordnance and de-mining has been a major recent initiative.
On December 30, 1978, Vietnamese forces captured Kratié.
The Mekong River flows from the north to the south of the province; approximately 140 km of the river is located in Kratié. The river is home to Irrawaddy dolphins, fish, and birds. The flow of the Mekong River at Kratié town varies greatly. There are hundreds of seasonally flooded islands in the river. As of 2007, the Cambodian government planned to build a dam on the Mekong River near Kratié town. The province also contains many forests, the Phnom Pram Poan mountain range, Phnom Prech, and rubber plantations. Eastern Kratié is an important bird area.
The province is mostly covered in dense forest. Craters from Operation Menu bombings during the Vietnam War, some of which are filled with water, are still visible in the countryside. Some land in Kratié is used for agriculture, though a smaller percentage than elsewhere in Cambodia.
The province has a monsoonal climate, with a cool season from November to March, a hot season from March to May, and a rainy season from May to October. Flooding is frequent in Kratié; the Mekong may overflow by as much as 4 m during the rainy season.
Kratié is known for its attractive riverside scenery and its green villages and paddies, and the river dolphins.
Kratié's fisheries are part of the Upper Mekong River Zone, which is important support for migratory species and subsistence fishing but does not play a major role in commercial fishing.
Forests in Kratié tend to be open and less dense than elsewhere in Cambodia; they are generally made up of deciduous trees that lose their leaves during the dry season.
Kham Phoeun is the governor of Kratié Province and Venn Sokhoy is the deputy governor. In the 2007 commune council elections, the vast majority of seats went to members of the Cambodian People's Party. Women make up 17.4% of commune council members. In 2005, Kratié received 1.69 billion riel from the commune/sangkat fund, of which development funds were 1.20 billion riel and funds for administration were 0.49 billion riel.
Economy and transportation
Most Kratié residents are subsistence farmers or fishers. 78% of residents are employed in agriculture. Thirty percent of Kratié households live on less than US$1 per day; the province's poverty rate of 32% is somewhat lower than the national average of 39%. Some gold mining occurs in Kratié. Most soil in Kratié is poor; the province primarily grows perennial industrial crops like rubber. Illegal logging supervised by provincial officials is a problem. Kratié has the potential to be an ecotourism destination. Kratié's road system is poorly developed. As of 1998, the average household possessed 0.48 hectares of agricultural land, and 37% were landless.
Land concessions often cover land customarily owned or used by people in Kratié Province. In 2004, community land organizers were threatened by the military after they confiscated chainsaws used for illegal logging. An indigenous people's organization is active in Kratié Province.
Health, education, and development
Malaria is hyperendemic in Kratié's forests. The provincial infant mortality rate of 97/1,000 and child mortality rate of 80/1,000 are significantly higher than the national average (68/1,000 and 53/1,000, respectively).
There is a substantial Vietnamese minority in Kratié Province. Kratié is home to seven indigenous groups: Phnorng, Kouy, Mil, Khonh, Kraol, Steang, and Thamoun. Approximately 70% of the province's residents live along the Mekong River; the area beyond the river is sparsely populated. Approximately 8% of Kratié's population is indigenous; it is one of four provinces with a substantial indigenous population. 70% of the population is rural.
It is subdivided into 1 krong and 5 districts.
* - Krong (municipality)
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kratié (province).|
- Official provincial website (English version)
- District, commune, and village listing
- Kratie provincial resources
- Kratie map
- Official tourism website
- Info for ecotourism along the Mekong
- Kratié travel guide from Wikivoyage
||Stung Treng Province|
|Kampong Thom Province||Mondulkiri Province|
|Kampong Cham Province||Bình Phước Province, Vietnam|