Kumharsain

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Kumarsain

कुमारसैन
Town
Kumarsain as seen from nearby village
Kumarsain as seen from nearby village
Kumarsain is located in Himachal Pradesh
Kumarsain
Kumarsain
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Kumarsain is located in India
Kumarsain
Kumarsain
Kumarsain (India)
Coordinates: 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189Coordinates: 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictShimla
Elevation
1,762 m (5,781 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total5,461
 • Rank29 in HP
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
172029
Vehicle registrationHP-95

Kumharsain also known as Kumarsain or Kumarsan was a princely state of the British Raj, located in modern day Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It was one of the several states of Punjab States Agency.[1] Kumarsain was a Tehsil until 2017 when it was made a sub-division of Shimla District.

Kumarsain was founded in the 11th century. It was occupied by Nepal from 1803 to 1816, and by British India from 1839 to 1840. The rulers of the state used the title of 'Rana'.

Kumarsain lies 1 km beside National Highway 5 (India) from Bharara village which is 18 km from Narkanda towards Rampur Bushahr. Kumarsain has many educational institutes like Govt. ITI (Industrial Training Institute) and Govt. Degree college. Many other departments and schools are rapildy increasing the population and developing growth of Kumarsain.

As many other places people of Kumarsain also celebrate their own fairs. Every year Bharara Mela is celebrated on 14 May in Bharara village near Kumarsain and after every 3 years Mela Char Saala also known as Jaatra is celebrated in Kumarsain which is the most crowded and awaited fair in the area.

Glympse of Mela Char Saala

Kumarsain has an history of around 1000 years. It is one of the oldest settlements that are still being inhabitat. It is also one of the most literate town in Himachal Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

Kumarsain is located at 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189. It has an average elevation of 1,762 metres (5,781 ft). Kumarsain has an ideal climate and temperature throughout year. Kumarsain Town has many villages within its boundary namely Mateyog, Damali, Lathi, Bharara, Bai and Dethal.

Scenic view after sunset as seen from Kumarsain
Kumarsain during Snowfall

Tourist attractions around Kumarsain include Narkanda, Kotgarh, Hatu peak, Tanijubbal Lake, Derthu peak, Kali Mata Temple Kacheri, Shilaroo Hockey Stadium and Oddi.

SAI Hockey Stadium Shilaroo

Government[edit]

Kumarsain was a Constituency of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly and have a separate Election Seat until 2008 when it was merged into Theog constituency. Veteran Congress Minister Vidya Stokes was elected 2 times as MLA in 2003 [2] and 2007 [3] from Kumarsain. Kumarsain comes under Narkanda Block. As Kumarsain was given SDM Office, Narkanda was given Block Development Office and Kotgarh was given Forest Department Division Office by Himachal Pradesh Government. Kumarsain is 8th sub-division of Shimla District.[4]

Govt. Departments in Kumarsain:

1. Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department (B & R Division and Sub Division).

2. Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board (Division and Sub division).

3. Irrigation and Public Health Department (Sub Division).

4. Women and Child Development Department (Child Development Project Officer).

5. Himachal Fire Services (Fire Post).

6. Tehsil Office (Tehsildar and Naib Tehsildar).

7. Sub Divisional Magistrate Office.

8. Himachal Pradesh Department of Labour and Employment (Sub Office - Employmemt Exchange).

9. Police Station (Station House Officer).

10. Civil Hospital (Block Medical Officer)

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Kumarsain had a population of 5,461. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kumarsain has an average literacy rate of 97.8%, much higher than the national average of 74.04% male literacy is 97%, and female literacy is 89%. In Kumarsain 11% of the population is under 14 years of age.

History[edit]

The Great Congress Leader Late. Jai Bihari Lal Khachi (former PWD minister of Himachal Pradesh) was from this town and in his honour there is Govt. school named after him in Kumarsain. Khachi was elected 4 times as MLA from Kumarsain Assembly seat in 1982, 1985,[6] 1993 and 1998 assembly elections. He died of heart attack in 2002, that time he was the sitting MLA of Kumarsain Constituency. Kumarsain's famous Hira Mahal (named after 56th Rana of Kumharsain Hira Singh) which was pride of Kumarsain and served as the home to Ranas of this princely state, was burnt because of accidental fire that took place in the mahal in 2007.

Hira Mahal

Also the first apple tree grown in India was in the Kotgarh village in Kumarsain tehsil by Satyanand Stokes.

Transportation[edit]

Kumarsain has a bus station from where you can take routine local route buses or long route buses of HRTC to Kullu, Shimla, Chandigarh, Ambala, Haridwar, Delhi, Rampur Bushahr, Reckong Peo and many other places. Alternatively you can hire a taxi as 24 hours taxi service is also available in Kumarsain.

Ranas[edit]

Raja Kirat Singh founded Kumharsain Dominion in 11th century A.D. Formerly a feudatory of Bashahr, the state was declared independent after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, by a sanad dated February 1816, but at the same time it lost its own tributary states of Bharauli and Madhan. The Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun (as of 1892).[7]

  • ???? - 1725 Ajmir Singh (49th Rana)
  • 1725 - 1755 Anup Singh (50th Rana)
  • 1755 - 1789 Dalip Singh (51st Rana)
  • 1789 - 1803 Govardhan Singh (52nd Rana)
  • 1803 - 1816 Kehar Singh (53rd Rana)
  • 1816 - 1839 Kehar Singh (2nd time)
  • 1840 - 1858 Pritam Singh (54th Rana)
  • 1858 - 1874 Bhawani Singh (55th Rana)
  • 1874 - 1914 Hira Singh (56th Rana)
  • 1914 – 1945 Vidyadhar Singh (57th Rana)
  • 1945 - 1996 Sumeshawar Singh (58th Rana)
  • 1996 - Present Surendra Singh (59th Rana)

Villages and Towns in Kumharsain Tehsil[edit]

Towns

1. Kumarsain

2. Narkanda

Villages

1 Ahar

2 Arot

3 Aur

4 Bagain

5 Bagthal

6 Bahli

7 Bai

8 Bakhlain

9 Balinda

10 Banahar

11 Banot

12 Bara Gaon

13 Barara

14 Bargal

15 Barogi

16 Barori

17 Barubagh

18 Batara

19 Batari

20 Baza

21 Bhalari

22 Bhanana

23 Bharari

24 Bharasa

25 Bhareri

26 Bhargaon

27 Bhuna

28 Bhuth

29 Bhutti

30 Chajol

31 Chala Nal

32 Chalan

33 Chamor

34 Chamyala

35 Charonta

36 Chekul

37 Chohan

38 Chopala

39 Churath

40 D.P.F. Nag kelo Saroga

41 D.P.F. Nagkelo

42 Dagrot

43 Dakolu

44 Dakoon

45 Dalan

46 Damaur

47 Daro

48 Dawala

49 Deeb

50 Deoridhar

51 Dethal

52 Devali Dhar

53 Dhala

54 Dhali

55 Dhanal

56 Dharuri

57 Dheongli

58 Dogri

59 Doja

60 Ganeog

61 Gharal

62 Ghareawat

63 Ghughvi

64 Gheti

65 Gonthla

66 Halyana

67 Hathiya

68 Jadoon

69 Jal

70 Jalti

71 Jangal Ahar

72 Jangal Dawala

73 Jangal Hatu

74 Jangal Havan

75 Jangal Jogsha

76 Jangal Madhawan

77 Jangal Marni

78 Jangal Nun-II

79 Janjeli

80 Jar

81 Jarol

82 Jhamol

83 Jhunjan

84 Jimu

85 Kacheri

86 Kalmu

87 Kanahr

88 Kanda-1

89 Kanda-2

90 Kandyali

91 Kangal

92 Karewati

93 Katheen

94 Kaunthru

95 Kehri

96 Kepu

97 Khaner

98 Khaneti

99 Khatkar

100 Khekhar

101 Kholwi

102 Khuhan

103 Kingal

104 Kirti

105 Kopri

106 Kot

107 Kotgarh

108 Koti

109 Kotla

110 Kowahra

111 Kufri

112 Kui

113 Lathi

114 Lauga

115 Luan

116 Madhawani

117 Madhuban

118 Mahawari

119 Maholi

120 Majrog

121 Malendi

122 Manan-1

123 Manan-2

124 Mandholi

125 Mangsu

126 Manu

127 Melan

128 Mogra

129 Mohan

130 Nag

131 Nagali

132 Nagraon

133 Nahal

134 Nahana

135 Nanjha

136 Naula

137 Nehri

138 Nun

139 Pamlai

140 Parashan

141 Pauchi

142 Pharal

142 Pharnal

144 Phirnu

145 Rahu

146 Reog

147 Rewali

148 Ropa

149 Sainj Paranu

150 Sakundi Chimla

151 Sapela

152 Sarahan

153 Saroga

154 Ser Dhar

155 Shalota

156 Shamthla

157 Shanad

158 Shathla

159 Shawat

160 Shehdari

161 Shela

162 Shelag

163 Shiwan

164 Talha

165 Tepri

166 Teshan

167 Thah

168 Thanu

169 Thinu

170 Tramli

171 Urshu

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Hutchison and JP Vogel, History of Punjab Hill states; Lahore 1933
  2. ^ "Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2007". Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Subdivisions & Block".
  5. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  6. ^ "Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 1985" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Kumharsain Princely State".

External links[edit]