L'oca del Cairo

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L'oca del Cairo
Opera buffa fragment by W. A. Mozart
The composer, drawing by Dora Stock, 1789
TranslationThe Goose of Cairo
LibrettistGiambattista Varesco

L'oca del Cairo (The Goose of Cairo or The Cairo Goose, K. 422) is an incomplete Italian opera buffa in three acts, begun by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in July 1783 but abandoned in October. The complete libretto by Giambattista Varesco remains. Mozart composed seven of the ten numbers of the first act, plus some recitative, as well a sketch for a further aria; the extant music amounts to about 45 minutes.

The autograph manuscript of the opera is preserved in the Berlin State Library.


Mozart's correspondence shows he wanted to write a comic opera to a new text for the Italian company in Vienna. He had only just met Lorenzo Da Ponte, who would later pen the libretti for several of Mozart's most successful operas, but Da Ponte was not available, so Mozart turned to Giambattista Varesco, librettist for Mozart's earlier opera Idomeneo. Mozart's urgent need of a poet is attested by his willingness to work with someone, who in his opinion had "not the slightest knowledge or experience of the theatre".[1] Eventually Mozart realized the hopelessness of the project and abandoned Varesco's libretto after six months because of its silly ending, a farcical travesty of the Trojan Horse legend.

Performance history[edit]

Several versions have been prepared by adapting other music. The first performance (in concert) was in Frankfurt in April 1860 with numbers taken from Lo sposo deluso and some concert arias.

The first stage performance was given on 6 June 1867 in Paris at Louis Martinet's Théâtre des Fantaisies-Parisiennes in a 2-act French adaptation, L'oie du Caire, by the Belgian librettist Victor Wilder [Wikidata], who added a new conclusion, and a musical arrangement by the conductor, Charles Constantin, who orchestrated the music and added other pieces by Mozart to complete it.[2][3]

Fragments from L'oca del Cairo, Lo sposo deluso, and Der Schauspieldirektor have been combined as Waiting for Figaro, performed in 2002 by the Bampton Classical Opera.[citation needed] In 1991, the Neuköllner Oper [de] in Berlin performed a combined version of L'oca del Cairo and Lo sposo deluso as Die Gans von Kairo with a new libretto by Peter Lund and additional compositions by Winfried Radeke [de]. Lund added three muses commenting on the absurdity of the plot, highlighting the librettist's arbitrariness and thus commenting on the historical events leading to the opera being left uncompleted.[4]


Roles, voice types, and premiere cast
(role names for the French stage premiere)[5][2]
Voice type Premiere cast, 6 June 1867
Conductor: Charles Constantin
Don Pippo (Don Beltran) bass Géraizer
Donna Pantea (Jacinthe), his wife, believed to be dead soprano Mathilde
Celidora (Isabelle) soprano A. Arnaud
Biondello (Fabrice) tenor Laurent
Calandrino, Donna Pantea's nephew, friend of Biondello and lover of Lavina[6] tenor
(The eunuch)[7] Bonnet
Lavina, Celidora's companion[6] soprano
Chichibio (Pascal) Don Pippo's major-domo, in love with Auretta bass (baritone) Masson
Auretta (Aurette) soprano Géraizer


Don Pippo, a Spanish Marquess, keeps his only daughter Celidora locked up in his tower. She is betrothed to Count Lionetto, but her true love is Biondello, a wealthy gentleman. Biondello makes a bet with the Marquis that if he can rescue Celidora from the tower within a year he wins her hand in marriage. He succeeds by having himself smuggled into the tower garden inside a large mechanical goose.

Noted arias[edit]

  • "Ogni momento dicon le donne" – Chichibio, scene 1
  • "Se fosse qui nascoso" – Auretta, scene 1
  • "Siano pronte alle gran nozze" – Don Pippo, scene 3



  1. ^ Cairns 2006, p. 102.
  2. ^ a b Lecomte 1912, pp. 40–41
  3. ^ L'Oca del Cairo: performance history, opera.stanford.edu
  4. ^ "Die Gans von Kairo (Peter Lund, Buch & Regie)". peterlund.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  5. ^ Wilder 1867, p. 2.
  6. ^ a b A role omitted in the libretto for the French premiere.
  7. ^ A role found in the libretto for the French premiere.
  8. ^ "L'oca del Cairo / Lo sposo deluso", cd Universe
  9. ^ Stanley Sadie (May 1992). "Mozart Edition, Vol. 39". Gramophone (review).
  10. ^ CD back cover
  11. ^ Mozart: Lo Sposo Deluso; L'oca del Cairo (video) at AllMusic
  12. ^ "L'oca del Cairo & Lo sposo deluso", 2018, Presto Music


External links[edit]