Líbano, Tolima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Tolima, Colombia. For other uses of "Lebanon", see Lebanon (disambiguation).
Líbano, Tolima
Municipality
aerial photo of Líbano.
aerial photo of Líbano.
Flag of Líbano, Tolima
Flag
Official seal of Líbano, Tolima
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Líbano, Tolima in the Tolima Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Líbano, Tolima in the Tolima Department of Colombia.
Coordinates: 4°55′N 75°10′W / 4.917°N 75.167°W / 4.917; -75.167
Country  Colombia
Department Tolima Department
Government
 • Alcalde (Mayor) Jesus Antonio Giraldo Vega
Area
 • Municipality 299.44 km2 (115.61 sq mi)
 • Urban 3.28 km2 (1.27 sq mi)
Elevation 1,565 m (5,135 ft)
Population
 • Municipality 41,650
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
 • Urban 25,772[1]
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website http://www.libano-tolima.gov.co

Líbano is a town and municipality in the Tolima department of Colombia. The population of the municipality was 39,785 as of the 1993 census. Along with Honda, Tolima, Líbano is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Líbano–Honda.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of Europeans, the Panches, Pantagoras, Bledos, and Marquetones lived in the region. They were among the tribes most feared by the Muisca. Their society was an aristocratic hierarchy headed by a chief.

By the mid-nineteenth century, settlers from Antioquia explored south in search of vacant land, and mines, to be acquired by degrees of effort and incorporated into the national economy. A caravan of Antioqueños led by Isidro Parra, found a valley planted with cedars and oaks, and constructed a few huts. The hamlet was named Líbano, the Spanish word for Lebanon.

The layout of the built-up area of Líbano was organized as a village in 1886. Since 1900, Líbano developed as an important village, pushing dirt roads in all directions. Socio-economic development of the region was guided by its founders from the development of mining and power to the cultivation of coffee, which has become the main characteristic element of the economy, society and culture of the area.

The city of Líbano is the see of the Diocese of Líbano-Honda, created by Pope John Paul II on July 26, 1989 by the Bull "Ita Iam." The territorial area of the diocese covers an area of 3,477 km ² with approximately 240,000 inhabitants. Its first bishop was Monsignor José Luis Serna Alzate, who took office on October 7, 1989. On February 12, 2005, José Miguel Gómez Rodríguez took over as third bishop of the Diocese.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Líbano with Nevado del Tolima in the background.

The municipality of Líbano is located in the north of the department of Tolima, about 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Ibagué, the departmental capital. Líbano is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Armero and Villahermosa, to the West by the municipality of Murillo, to the East by the municipality of Lérida and to the south by Santa Isabel and Venadillo.

Líbano is located in the Cordillera Central, east of Nevado del Ruiz. The town is at an altitude of 1,565 metres (5,135 ft) above sea level, putting it in the tierra templada, or temperate zone, of Colombia. The area is hilly and heavily forested where it is not used for agriculture. Agriculture in the area includes growing of coffee, bananas, plantains, and beans.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Censo General 2005 Nivel Nacional (PDF) (in Spanish). Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). 2008. p. 54. ISBN 978-958-624-072-7. 

Coordinates: 4°55′N 75°10′W / 4.917°N 75.167°W / 4.917; -75.167