National Admissions Test for Law

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The National Admissions Test for Law, or LNAT, is an admissions aptitude test that was adopted in 2004 by eight UK university law programmes[1] as an admissions requirement for home applicants. The test was established at the leading urgency of Oxford University as an answer to the problem facing universities trying to select from an increasingly competitive pool with similarly high A-levels. With effect from its second year, the LNAT is required for UK and overseas applicants alike. There are now nine participating law schools and hundreds of test centres worldwide.


The LNAT is 135 minutes long and consists of two sections. The test taker is allotted 40 minutes to complete the essay and 95 minutes to answer 42 multiple-choice questions aimed at measuring reading comprehension and logical reasoning skills. The reading portion contains twelve short passages, with three or four questions about each passage. The questions typically ask for terms and arguments from the reading to be defined by inference. The essay portion is 40 minutes long and involves the candidate answering one of three available essay questions. The questions are generally open-ended prompts that can focus on any one of a wide variety of issues.[2]

The reading section is scored out of 42 and the essays are individually marked by proctors at the respective universities.

The universities currently using the LNAT are:[3]


The LNAT was first administered on 3 November 2004.[citation needed] The average score for the reading portion was 13.16 out of 24. Four test-takers received a 21 out of 24, the highest score achieved;[17] the lowest score achieved by the 4,345 candidates was 3.[18] Men performed slightly better than women on the multiple-choice portion, scoring 13.37 and 13.02 on average, respectively.[18] A University of Bristol report on the scores expressed dissatisfaction with the ability of law candidates to develop "reasoned arguments".[18] Men and women scored approximately equally to each other, in contrast to the distribution of A grades in A-level law, which were awarded to 19.3% of women and only 14.1% of men.[18]

The LNAT consortium also reported statistically insignificant differences in scores between state and independent students.[citation needed] Research conducted by the University of Bristol concluded: "the impact of the Lnat both in general and on specific supposedly sensitive widening participation groups has been negligible".[19][citation needed]

Average scores[edit]

Entrants' mean average scores for the multiple choice element of the test in each year are as follows:

Year Score Percentage
2006/2007 8/30 26.6
2008/2009 16.7/30 55.6
2010/2011 17.7/42 42.1
2012/2013 21.3/42 50.7
2013/2014 21.1/42 50.2
2014/2015 22.3/42 53.1
2015/2016 22.9/42 54.5
2016/2017 17.9/42 50
2017/2018 19.9/42 47.4


  1. ^ Education: New entry test for law students, BBC News, UK.
  2. ^ "Test format – LNAT". LNAT Consortium Ltd. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Why join LNAT?". LNAT Consortium Ltd. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  4. ^ "University of Birmingham use of LNAT". University of Birmingham. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  5. ^ "LNAT FAQs – University of Bristol Law School". University of Bristol. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Durham Law School: LNAT". Durham University. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Law – Undergraduate Degree Programmes". University of Glasgow. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Law LLB". King's College London. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Law LLB". University of Nottingham. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Tests". University of Oxford. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  11. ^ "LLB Law Single Honours at SOAS University of London". University of London. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  12. ^ "BA Law and... Combined Honours Degree at SOAS University of London". University of London. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  13. ^ "National Admission Test for Law (LNAT) – UCL Faculty of Laws". University College London. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Admissions Test". IE University. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Bachelor of Laws". Singapore University of Social Sciences. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Juris Doctor". SIM University. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  17. ^ Ford, Liz (February 3, 2005). "Pupils achieve 'same marks' in law admission tests". The Guardian. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Law candidates 'not good enough'". BBC News. February 3, 2005. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 2014-01-07. 

External links[edit]