La Chapelle-aux-Saints is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France.
History [ edit ]
Neanderthal skeleton [ edit ]
The La Chapelle-aux-Saints cave, bordering the
Sourdoire valley, revealed many archeological artifacts belonging to the late Mousterian techno-complex, including the first ever recognized  Neanderthal burial discovered on August 3, 1908.  Jean and Amédée Bouyssonie, as well as L. Bardon, led archaeological digs in the cave from 1905 to 1908, discovering over 1,000 pieces of stone industry (mainly flint), bones of different fauna including reindeer, bovid, horse, fox, wolf and even a rhinoceros’ tooth. The most spectacular discovery was that of a very well preserved  skeleton of an adult Neanderthal man who appears to have been intentionally buried in a rectangular pit 30 centimetres (12 in) deep, 1.45 metres (4.8 ft) long and 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide.
This discovery led to a controversy for the existence of burials during the Mousterian. Arguments for the existence of a tomb were the sleeping position of the body, and the funeral "gifts" associated with the pit like stone tools and animal bones. Some archaeologists believe the Chapelle-aux-Saints cave wasn’t used as a habitat, but a place for funeral feasts.
Modern period [ edit ]
French Revolution, the commune changed its name to La Chapelle-aux-Prés following a decree from the National Convention.
Population [ edit ]
Historical population Year Pop. ±% 1962 206 — 1968 221 +7.3% 1975 217 −1.8% 1982 206 −5.1% 1990 179 −13.1% 1999 164 −8.4% 2008 206 +25.6%
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c BINANT P., 1991 -
Les sépultures du Paléolithique. Paris : Errance
^ POSTEL B., 2008 -
Neandertal et la mort. Archéologia n°458 : 6-11
^ NOUGIER L.-R., 1963,
La préhistoire : essai de paléosociologie religieuse. Paris : Bloud & Gay : 43-44