Lacaille 9352

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Lacaille 9352
Nearby Stars (14ly Radius).svg
the neighborhood of the solar system which also includes Lacaille 9352
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Piscis Austrinus
Right ascension 23h 05m 52.03604s[1]
Declination −35° 51′ 11.0475″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 7.34[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type M0.5V[3]
U−B color index +1.18[2]
B−V color index +1.50[2]
Variable type Suspected[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+9.7[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +6,768.20[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +1,327.52[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)305.26 ± 0.70[1] mas
Distance10.68 ± 0.02 ly
(3.276 ± 0.008 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)9.8[6]
Details
Mass0.503 ± 0.025[3] M
Radius0.459 ± 0.011[3] R
Luminosity (bolometric)0.033[note 1] L
Temperature3,626[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.22 ± 0.09[7] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)1[5] km/s
Other designations
HD 217987, CD -36°15693, GCTP 5584, GJ 887, LHS 70, SAO 214301, LTT 9348, LFT 1758, Cordoba 31353, NSV 14420, HIP 114046, UGPMF 591.[8]
Database references
SIMBADdata
ARICNSdata

Lacaille 9352 (Lac 9352) is a star in the southern constellation of Piscis Austrinus. With an apparent visual magnitude of 7.34,[2] this star is too faint to be viewed with the naked eye even under excellent seeing conditions. Parallax measurements place it at a distance of about 10.74 light-years (3.29 parsecs) from Earth.[1] It is the eleventh closest star system to the Solar System[9] and is the closest star in the constellation Piscis Austrinus. The ChView simulation[10] shows that its closest neighbour is the EZ Aquarii triple star system at about 4.1 ly from Lacaille 9352.

Properties[edit]

This star has the fourth highest known proper motion,[11] (which was first noticed by Benjamin Gould in 1881[12]) moving a total of 6.9 arcseconds per year. However, this is still a very small movement overall, as there are 3,600 arcseconds in a degree of arc. The space velocity components of this star are (U, V, W) = (−93.9, −14.1, −51.4) km/s.[13] If the radial velocity (Vr) equals +9.7 km/s then about 2,700 years ago Lacaille 9352 was at its minimal distance of approximately 10.63 ly (3.26 pc) from the Sun.[14]

The spectrum of Lacaille 9352 places it at a stellar classification of M0.5V,[3] indicating it is a type of main sequence star known as a red dwarf. This was the first red dwarf star to have its angular diameter measured,[15] with the physical diameter being about 46% of the Sun's radius.[3] It has around half the mass of the Sun[3] and the outer envelope has an effective temperature of about 3,626 K.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From L=4πR2σTeff4, where L is the luminosity, R is the radius, Teff is the effective surface temperature and σ is the Stefan–Boltzmann constant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d Cousins, A. W. J. (1973). "UBV photometry of some southern stars". Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa. 32: 11. Bibcode:1973MNSSA..32...11C.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Demory, B.-O.; et al. (October 2009), "Mass-radius relation of low and very low-mass stars revisited with the VLTI", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 505 (1): 205–215, arXiv:0906.0602, Bibcode:2009A&A...505..205D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200911976
  4. ^ Micela, G.; Pye, J.; Sciortino, S. (April 1997). "Coronal properties of nearby old disk and halo dM stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 320: 865–877. Bibcode:1997A&A...320..865M.
  5. ^ a b Torres, G. R.; et al. (December 2006). "Search for associations containing young stars (SACY). I. Sample and searching method". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 460 (3): 695–708. arXiv:astro-ph/0609258. Bibcode:2006A&A...460..695T. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065602.
  6. ^ Murdin, Paul, ed. (November 2000). "Lacaille 9352". The Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing. Bibcode:2000eaa..bookE5158.. doi:10.1888/0333750888/5158. ISBN 0333750888. absolute magnitude is 9.8
  7. ^ López-Morales, Mercedes (May 2007). "On the Correlation between the Magnetic Activity Levels, Metallicities, and Radii of Low-Mass Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 660 (1): 732–739. arXiv:astro-ph/0701702. Bibcode:2007ApJ...660..732L. doi:10.1086/513142.
  8. ^ "LACAILLE 9352 -- Pre-main sequence Star". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  9. ^ Research Consortium on Nearby Stars. "The One Hundred Nearest Star Systems". Georgia State University. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  10. ^ "Solstation and ChView". Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  11. ^ "High Proper Motion Stars in the Hipparcos Catalogue". European Space Agency. July 1, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  12. ^ Gould, B. A. (1881). "Corrigenda in the Uranometria Argentina. Star with large proper motion". Astronomische Nachrichten. 100: 7–10. Bibcode:1881AN....100....7G. doi:10.1002/asna.18811000104.
  13. ^ "ARICNS star page of Lacaille 9352". Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  14. ^ "Annotations on NAME LACAILLE 9352 object". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  15. ^ Glindemann, Andreas; Paresce, Francesco. "Giant Eyes for the VLT Interferometer". European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 2010-01-20.

External links[edit]