Lactation consultant

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Teaching the importance of breastfeeding in a nutrition rehabilitation clinic in Madhya Pradesh, India

A lactation consultant is a health professional who specializes in the clinical management of breastfeeding. The International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE) certifies lactation consultants who meet its criteria and have passed its exam.[1]


Lactation consultants are trained to assist parents in preventing and solving breastfeeding difficulties[2] such as sore nipples and low milk supply. They commonly work in hospitals, physician or midwife practices, public health programs, and private practice. In the United States, lactation consultants are often nurses, midwives, nurse practitioners, and dieticians who have obtained additional certification.[2]

History and organization[edit]

The IBLCE was founded by a group of La Leche League leaders who wanted to professionalize the skills they had developed while working with breastfeeding individuals.[3][2] Candidates can choose various pathways to qualify, including options for current health professionals and volunteers, through college or university academic programs, or through mentoring. [4]

An International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) may use the post nominals IBCLC and/or RLC after their name. The International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA) is the professional association for lactation consultants.[5]

IBCLCs undergo specialized training to assist families with breastfeeding, milk production issues, and pump management issues. IBCLCs must meet certification requirements for education and clinical experience, and pass an examination. IBCLCs must also re-certify every five years with 75 continuing education hours every five years or take an examination.[6]


Exclusive and partial breastfeeding are more common among individuals who gave birth in IBCLC-equipped hospitals.[7] In maternity hospitals, a ratio of one IBCLC for every 15 postpartum individuals is suggested.[8] The U.S. Surgeon General recommends that all communities ensure access to services provided by IBCLCs.[9] Evidence found that breastfeeding interventions including lactation consultants and counselors increased the number of individuals initiating breastfeeding.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "IBLCE". Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Lawrence 2016, p. 749.
  3. ^ "LLLI - The LLL Leader and the IBCLC - A Partnership in Breastfeeding History". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. ^ "IBLCE Continuing Education Review / Application Information". Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  5. ^ "ILCA Home". Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  6. ^ "IBLCE". IBLCE. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  7. ^ "US Surgeon General Breastfeeding Executive Summary" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  8. ^ Lawrence 2016, p. 246.
  9. ^ Office of the Surgeon General (US); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); Office on Women's Health (US) (2011). Actions to Improve Breastfeeding. Office of the Surgeon General (US).
  10. ^ Patel, Sanjay; Patel, Shveta (August 2016). "The Effectiveness of Lactation Consultants and Lactation Counselors on Breastfeeding Outcomes". Journal of Human Lactation. 32 (3): 530–541. doi:10.1177/0890334415618668. ISSN 1552-5732. PMID 26644419. S2CID 26056972.

Cited works[edit]

  • Lawrence, Ruth (2016). Breastfeeding : a guide for the medical profession, 8th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-323-35776-0.

External links[edit]