Laser level

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A laser level set up and being used to level sand fill in trenches. The staff is leaning on the pile of sand.

In surveying and construction, the laser level is a control tool consisting of a laser beam projector that can be affixed to a tripod, which is leveled according to the accuracy of the device and which projects a fixed red or green beam along the horizontal and/or vertical axis.[1]

Development[edit]

The concept of a laser level has been around since at least the early 1970s,[2] the original spinning-mirror design laser plane and line level was patented by the late 1980s,[3] and the compact lens-based laser line level (as produced by many tool manufacturers today) was patented in the late 1990s.[4]

Rotary laser level[edit]

A rotary laser level is a more advanced laser level in that it spins the beam of light fast enough to give the effect of a complete 360 degree horizontal or vertical plane, thus illuminating not just a fixed line, but a horizontal plane.[5] The laser beam projector employs a rotating head with a mirror for sweeping the laser beam about a vertical axis. If the mirror is not self-leveling, it is provided with visually readable level vials and manually adjustable screws for orienting the projector. A staff carried by the operator is equipped with a movable sensor, which can detect the laser beam and gives a signal when the sensor is in line with the beam (usually an audible beep). The position of the sensor on the graduated staff, also known as a grade rod, or story pole, allows comparison of elevations between different points on the terrain. Most laser levels are used in the construction industry.

Tower-mounted laser level[edit]

A tower-mounted laser level is used in combination with a sensor on a wheel tractor-scraper in the process of land laser leveling to bring land (for example, an agricultural field) to near-flatness with a slight grade for drainage.

Benefits[6][edit]

  • For better distribution of water
  • For water savings (reduces the amount of water required for irrigation)
  • For Improvement in nutrient use efficiencies
  • Option for Precision Farming
  • Higher crop productivity
  • Reduces weed problems[7]
  • Energy saving[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ L S Blake (22 October 2013). Civil Engineer's Reference Book. Elsevier. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-1-4831-0233-7. 
  2. ^ US patent 3897637 
  3. ^ US patent 4973158 
  4. ^ US patent 5836081, Steven J. Orosz, Jr., "Light beam leveling means and method", issued 1998-11-17, assigned to Schroeder, Charles F. 
  5. ^ J. Uren; W.F. Price (17 March 2010). Surveying for Engineers. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 543–. ISBN 978-1-137-05279-7. 
  6. ^ "LASER LEVELING". dswcpunjab.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  7. ^ "Laser Leveling". www.dswcpunjab.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  8. ^ "LASER LEVELING". dswcpunjab.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 

External links[edit]