Lasiommata maera

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Lasiommata maera
Nymphalidae – Lasiommata maera–1.jpg
Lateral view
Satyridae - Lasiommata maera.JPG
Dorsal view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Lasiommata
Species: L. maera
Binomial name
Lasiommata maera
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Large Wall Brown (Lasiommata maera) is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Lasiommata maera maera
  • Lasiommata maera abastumana (Sheljuzhko, 1937); Caucasus.
  • Lasiommata maera adrasta (Hübner, [1823-1824]); from South Western Europe to Morocco and Algeria.
  • Lasiommata maera crimaea (A. Bang-Haas, 1907)
  • Lasiommata maera jachontovi (Sheljuzhko, 1937); Caucasus.
  • Lasiommata maera meadewaldoi (Rothschild, 1917); Morocco
  • Lasiommata maera ordona (Fruhstorfer, 1909); Siberia.
  • Lasiommata maera orientalis (Rühl, 1894); Armenia.

[1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species is common in continental Europe. It is also present in Urals, South Western Siberia, Asia Minor, Syria, Iran, Central Asia and Himalayas. [1] It is absent from the United Kingdom. [2] Its preferred habitats are edges of the forest, unmanaged clearings on forested areas, rocky dry areas and stony slopes, at an elevation of 0–2,000 metres (0–6,562 ft) above sea level.

Description[edit]

Lasiommata maera has a wingspan of 44–56 millimetres (1.7–2.2 in).[3] These large butterflies are quite variable in color and pattern. Usually the upperside is orange in the forewings and mostly brown in the hindwings. The forewings always show a single ocellus, while the hindwings bear two or three ocelli. The underside of the forewings is orange and the underside of the hindwings is marbled with gray-brown. [4] This species is quite similar to Lasiommata megera, that is smaller and has paler yellow-orange forewings. [5]

Biology[edit]

The larva eats full-grown grasses, such as Poa annua, Poa bulbosa, Poa pratensis, Festuca ovina, Festuca rubra, Festuca pratensis, Glyceria fluitans, Calamagrostis epigejos, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Calamagrostis varia, Deschampsia flexuosa, Agrostis capillaris, Nardus stricta, Dactylis, Lolium, Hordeum species.[1]

This species has two broods in the northern countries, a single brood in the south. Adults fly from April to September.[5] These butterflies are avid fliers and they are seldom seen on flight in strong wind.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]