Lavatera thuringiaca

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Lavatera thuringiaca
Lavatera thuringiaca Uppsala.jpg
Lavatera thuringiaca cultivated at Uppsala
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Lavatera
Species: L. thuringiaca
Binomial name
Lavatera thuringiaca

Lavatera thuringiaca, the garden tree-mallow, is a species of Lavatera native to eastern Europe and southwestern Asia, from southern Germany south to Italy, and east to southern Russia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.[1][2]

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.8 m tall. The leaves are up to 9 cm long and broad, palmately lobed with three or five lobes, and downy with greyish hairs. The flowers are pink, 3–6 cm diameter, with five petals; they are produced throughout the summer.[1][3][4][5]

There are two subspecies:[1][2]

  • Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. thuringiaca. Most of the species' range, except as below. Upper leaves bluntly lobed.
  • Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. ambigua (DC.) Nyman. Southern France, Italy, western Balkans. Upper leaves acutely lobed.

Garden plants[edit]

Most of the popular shrubby garden cultivars traditionally listed under this species are actually hybrids between it and Lavatera olbia; these hybrids are now named Lavatera × clementii.[1] The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Bredon Springs'[6]
  • 'Burgundy Wine'[7]


  1. ^ a b c d Malvaceae Pages: Herbaceous Lavateras
  2. ^ a b Flora Europaea: Lavatera thuringiaca
  3. ^ Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2
  4. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  5. ^ Könemann (2004). Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lavatera x clementii 'Bredon Springs'". Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lavatera x clementii 'Burgundy Wine'". Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lavatera x clementii 'Candy Floss'". Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lavatera x clementii 'Rosea'". Retrieved 21 May 2013.