Layia platyglossa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Layia platyglossa
Layia platyglossa Tidy-Tips! (hortulus) 001.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Layia
Species: L. platyglossa
Binomial name
Layia platyglossa

Layia platyglossa, commonly called coastal tidytips,[1] is an annual wildflower of the family Asteraceae, native to western North America.


Tidytips was formerly found throughout low-elevation dry habitats in California including the Mojave Desert and into Arizona and Utah.[1] In pre-European times this plant was common in solid stands at lower elevations. Found in grassy valley floors, slopes of hills, openings in coastal sage scrub and chaparral, coastal plains, and in the High Desert. A member of Spring wildflower 'displays,' blooming March to June.


Layia platyglossa is an annual, glandular, daisy like plant with narrow, rough hairy leaves. The height of the entire plant is less than 1 foot (0.30 m), roughly around 4–12 inches (10–30 cm) wide. The roots are usually taproots, sometimes fibrous.[2][3]

The leaves at the upper part of the stem are short and have a pilous texture. The leaves at the basal part of the stem can be dentate to pinnate shaped with rotund short lobes. The lower leaves are generally lobed and the upper leaves are entire. Leaves usually alternate or opposite, and the blades are usually simple, rarely compound.[2]


The plant is an indeterminate zygomorphic inflorescent, individual heads are borne on a peduncle. The stems are usually erect, prostrate or decumbent to ascending, and are stout and corymbed branched.[2]

The flower heads are composed of five to eighteen yellow ray flowers with white tips and many central yellow disk flowers. Its outer ray flowers are bright golden yellow with distinct, sharp-margined white tips. The bracts tips are rounded and involucre 6–12 mm high. The corolla is 4–6 mm long. The ray flowers are 3-3.8 mm long and the disk flowers are 2.8–5 mm long. The ligules are 6–15 mm long and 5–10 mm wide. The florets are bisexual, pistillate, functionally staminate or neuter. The sepals are highly modified.[2]

Pollination is done by insects. The fruits are usually dry with thick, tough pericarps, sometimes rostrate and/or winged. Dispersion is done by the help from pappi (dispersal of fruit by wind). Seeds are one per fruit, embryos straight.[2]



Layia platyglossa is cultivated as an ornamental plant.[4] It is often an ingredient in commercial wildflower seed mixes. The daisy-like flowers are attractive, making it a popular annual flower in traditional gardens, wildlife gardens, and habitat gardens.[5][6]


The wildflower is used in habitat restoration projects, and is a pollinator supportive plant. The ripe seeds are a food source for birds.[5]



  1. ^ a b USDA . accessed 11/10/2010
  2. ^ a b c d e Munz, Philip A.; "Introduction to California Spring Wildflowers of the Foothills, Valleys, and Coast. California" — University of California Press; Berkeley, 2004.
  3. ^ Jepson
  4. ^ Schmidt, Marjorie G.; "Growing California Native Plants" — California: University of California Press Berkeley, 1980.
  5. ^ a b Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Database: Layia platyglossa . accessed 10.1.2013
  6. ^ Las Pilitas Horticultural Database: Layia platyglossa (Tidy Tips) . accessed 10.1.2013
  • Abrams, Leroy, and Stinchfield, Roxana; "Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States. Vol IV: Bignonias to Sunflowers" — California: Stanford University Press, 1960.

External links[edit]