Leninsky Avenue, Moscow
Leninsky Avenue (Russian: Ле́нинский проспе́кт) is a major avenue in Moscow, Russia, that runs in the south-western direction between Kaluzhskaya Square in the central part of the city through Gagarin Square to the Moscow Ring Road. It is a part of the M3 highway which continues from Moscow to Kaluga and Bryansk to the border with Ukraine, and provides connections with Kiev and Odessa. It is also a part of the European route E101 connecting Moscow and Kiev.
Leninsky Avenue continues north beyond Kaluzhskaya Square as Yakimanka Street and southwest beyond the Ring Road as Kievskoye Highway. Oktyabrskaya and Leninsky Prospekt are the only two metro stations located at the avenue, the second one being named after the avenue itself. In late 2014, Troparyovo station is schedled to be open at the southern end of the avenue, at the intersection with Ostrovityanova Street.
The major intersections are with the Zhitnaya Street/Krymsky Val (Kaluzhskaya Square), Avenue of 60th Anniversary of October Revolution and Kosygina Street (Gagarin Square, where the avenue also crosses the Moscow Little Ring Railway and the Third Ring Road), Universitetsky Avenue, Lomonosovsky Avenue, Obrucheva Street/Lobachevskogo Street, as well as Vernadsky Avenue.
The location of the current avenue has been a road since before the 18th century. Only the area between Kaluzhskaya Square and Kaluzhskaya Zastava Square (currently Gagarin Square) was then included into Moscow, and the name of this stretch was Bolshaya Kaluzhskaya Street. Construction was active in that area between the 18th century and the 1940s. The road continued further as Kaluzhskoye Highway, and then as the highway from Moscow to Kiev. The three stretches were merged in 1957, and the street was given the name of Vladimir Lenin. In the 1940s and the 1950s construction took place along the stretch between Gagarin Square and Kravchenko Street.
The stretch between Kaluzhskaya Square and Miklukho-Maklay Street is covered by trolleybus traffic. The whole avenue is covered by public bus traffic, though the routes typically take short stretches of the avenue, and there is no single route which travels through the whole length of the avenue.
- Ленинский просп. (in Russian). Intomoscow.ru. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Shevchenko, Olga (17 December 2008). Crisis and the Everyday in Postsocialist Moscow. Indiana University Press. p. 54. ISBN 0-253-00257-5.
- Маршруты Московского троллейбуса (in Russian). Ruzayn. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Список маршрутов (in Russian). Ruzayn. Retrieved 15 April 2014.