Leonid Kupriyanovich

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Leonid Ivanovich Kupriyanovich was a Soviet engineer from Moscow who is credited for early development of a mobile phone device.

Historical facts[edit]

In 1955 Leonid Kupriyanovich published the description of a simple walkie-talkie amateur radio station for personal use in the Soviet amateur radio magazine "Radio", 1955, N2. It operated on two vacuum tubes. The walkie-talkie weighted about 1,2 kg and had 1,5 km operating distance.

In 1957 Leonid Kupriyanovich presented a micro walkie-talkie radio version of the same the size of a matchbox, 50g in weight and had 2 km operating distance.

Also in 1957 he made an experimental model of a wearable automatic mobile phone ("radiophone"), called LK-1. His device consisted of a base station and a portable handset. LK-1 was 3 kg in weight, 20–30 km operating distance, and 20–30 hours of battery life. Leonid Kupriyanovich patented this mobile phone in 1957 (author's certificate № 115494, 1.11.1957). The base station, in accordance with author's description, could serve several customers. In 1958, Kupriyanovich made the new experimental "pocket" model of mobile phone. This phone had 0,5 kg weight. To serve more customers, Kupriyanovich proposed the device, named it as a correllator.[1][2][3][4]

In 1961 Leonid Kupriyanovich presented a pocket automatic radio phone which could fit on a palm of a hand. This pocket mobile phone weighted only 70 g and had 80 km operating distance. Kupriyanovich told to correspondents of the АПН news agency that in the USSR the production of this device was planned. He also reported the plans for the construction in Moscow of ten base stations for creation of a network of mobile communication. The first station in Moscow it was planned to construct in Mazilovo.[5][6]

In 1965, solutions of the mobile phone system, developed by Leonid Kupriyanovich, was used by "Radioelektronika" Bulgarian company for their mobile phone system. One base station, connected to one telephone wire line, could serve up to 15 customers. The system was presented on Inforga-65 international exhibition.

In the 1960s Leonid Kupriyanovich began to develop electronic sets for hypnopedia and researched the methods of how to "write" information into the human memory. His electronic set "Rhytmoson" was manufactured in USSR and purchased for medical purpose.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Honan, Daniel (23 Aug 2011). "How the Cell Phone Became Smart". Big Think. Retrieved 8 Sep 2011. 
  2. ^ Измеров, Олег. Отечественные мобильники 50-х. Окно в прошлое. Сенсации, преданные забвению (in Russian). Retrieved 30 Jun 2009. 
  3. ^ Карманный радиотелефон. Наука и жизнь (in Russian) (М.: Правда) (10–1958): 66. ISSN 0028-1263. 
  4. ^ Куприянович, Леонид (1957). РАДИОТЕЛЕФОН. Наука и жизнь (in Russian) (М.: Правда) (8–1957): 49. ISSN 0028-1263. 
  5. ^ Рыбчинский, Юрий (1961). РАДИОФОН. Орловская Правда (in Russian) (12–1961) (М.: Орловская Правда). 
  6. ^ Мартин Купер был не первым. Олег Измеров.

Further reading[edit]

  • Куприянович Л.И. Карманные радиостанции. - М.-Л: Госэнергоиздат, 1957. - 32 с.
  • Борноволоков Э. П., Куприянович Л. И. Переносные УКВ радиостанции. — М.: Издательство ДОСААФ, 1958.
  • Куприянович Л. И. Радиоэлектроника в быту. — М.-Л.: Госэнергоиздат, 1963. — 32 с.
  • Куприянович Л. И. Карманные радиостанции, 1960.
  • Куприянович Л. И. Биологические ритмы и сон. — М.: Наука, 1976. — 120 с.

External links[edit]