Pilichowski in London, England
|Born||Leopold (Lejb) Pilichowski
March 23, 1869
Zadzim, central Poland
|Died||July 28, 1934
|Known for||Painting and illustration|
Leopold Pilichowski (March 23, 1869 – July 28, 1934) was a Polish realist painter in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, active during the final years of the foreign partitions of Poland. He was known for his commitment to social commentary and psychological depictions of Jewish themes and characters. In 1914, at the age of 45, Pilichowski emigrated to Great Britain. He served as president of the Association of Polish Jews in London. From 1926 until his death, he was also the president of the Ben Uri Art Society. His work can be found in the permanent collections of the National Museums in Kraków and Warsaw and the City Museum of Łódź. More representative work is held at the Jewish Museum of New York ("Sukkot").
Pilichowski was born in Piła near Sieradz in central Poland (some sources list the village of Zadzim close to Piła). He began his art education with painter Szmul (Samuel) Hirszenberg, his relative, in the nearby metropolitan city of Łódź. He continued art studies in Warsaw with Professor Wojciech Gerson (1886), then in Munich, at the Academy of Fine Arts, and in Paris, at the Académie Julian. While in France, he also exhibited his paintings for the first time. In 1894, he had his first solo exhibition in Łódź.
Pilichowski settled in Łódź around 1894, and began to produce his first engaging paintings about Jewish life in an industrialized environment. He portrayed peddlers, migrants, exhausted travellers at railway stations and dignified mourners at funerals. He also depicted Jewish prayers, gatherings, festivals and holy days. Pilichowski became an active Zionist around 1908 and turned to political portraiture of Zionist leaders. He moved to Paris in 1904, and to London a decade later, with his wife and young children. He visited Mandate Palestine in 1925. While there, he produced a monumental painting showing some 120 people for the opening of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a group portrait which included himself. Back in London, he also painted impoverished Jews from the Whitechapel district. Pilichowski was married to Lena Pilichowski in Poland and had 4 children while in France. He died in London either in 1933 (according to some), or more likely in 1934.
- Maurycy Trębacz (1861–1941), one of the most popular Jewish painters in Poland in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Notes and references
- "Leopold Pilichowski (1869 - 1934)". Timeline. Genealogy Directory 2012 Geni. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Mirjam Rajner (2010). "Pilichowski, Leopold". The Yivo Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "Leopold Pilichowski (1869 - 1933)". Auctions. Polska baza artystów Agra-Art. 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Muzeum Miasta Łodzi (The Łódź Museum: Izrael Poznański Palace) (2012). "Dział Sztuki plastyczne (Fine Arts Department)". Obiekty muzealne. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
Actively expanding collection of the turn-of-the-century Jewish painting include: Leon & Samuel Hirszenberg, Leopold Pilichowski, Natan Altman, Henryk Glicenstein, and Maurycy Trębacz
- Alfred Werner (2008). "Pilichowski, Leopold". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Stanley S. Sokol, Sharon F. Mrotek Kissane, Alfred L. Abramowicz. "Leopold Pilichowski (1869-1933)" (Google books). The Polish Biographical Dictionary. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. p. 308. ISBN 086516245X. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "Facts/Data". Biography for Leopold Pilichowski. AskART and Artists' Bluebook. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "Maurycy Trębacz - zapomniany malarz żydowski". Cenne. Bezcenne. Utracone (in Polish). Narodowy Instytut Muzealnictwa i Ochrony Zabytkow, Warsaw. Retrieved August 2, 2012.