Academy of Fine Arts, Munich

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Panoramic view of the 1886 Academy of Fine Arts building.

The Academy of Fine Arts, Munich (German: Akademie der Bildenden Künste München, also known as Munich Academy) is one of the oldest and most significant art academies in Germany. It is located in the Maxvorstadt district of Munich, in Bavaria, Germany.


18th century[edit]

The history of the academy goes back to the 18th century, before the 1770 by Elector Maximilian III. Joseph, the so-called "drawing school", which already bore the name "academy" in its name ("Zeichnungs Schule respective Maler und Bildhauer academie").

Deconstructivist expansion, designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au (2005).

19th century[edit]

The Academy of Fine Arts was enhanced in 1808 by King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria as Royal Academy of Fine Arts.

Munich School style[edit]

The Munich School refers to a group of painters who worked in Munich or were trained at the Academy between 1850 and 1918. The paintings are characterized by a naturalistic style and dark chiaroscuro. Typical painting subjects included landscape, portraits, genre, still-life, and history.

20th century[edit]

From 1900 to 1918 the academy's director was Ferdinand Freiherr von Miller.

In 1946, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts was merged with the School of arts and crafts and the School of applied arts.

In 1953 its name was changed to the current Academy of Fine Arts.


The large 19th-century Renaissance Revival style building complex, designed by Gottfried Neureuther, was completed in 1886. It has housed the Academy since then.

A new Deconstructivist style expansion, designed by the architectural firm Coop Himmelb(l)au as an extension from the original building, was completed in 2005.


Notable professors[edit]

Notable students[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°09′11″N 11°34′49″E / 48.15306°N 11.58028°E / 48.15306; 11.58028