Lepa Radić

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Lepa Radić
Born (1925-12-19)19 December 1925
Gašnica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Died February 1943 (aged 17)
Bosanska Krupa, NDH
Service/branch Yugoslav Partisans
Years of service 1941–1943
Unit 7th company, 2nd Krajiški Detachment
Battles/wars

World War II in Yugoslavia

Awards Order of the People's Hero
Relations Svetozar Radić (father)
Milan Radić (brother)
Dara Radić (sister)
Vladeta Radić (uncle)

Lepa Svetozara Radić (Serbian Cyrillic: Лепа Светозара Радић; 19 December 1925 – February 1943) was a Bosnian Serb member of the Yugoslav Partisans during World War II in Yugoslavia who was posthumously awarded the Order of the People's Hero on 20 December 1951, for her role in the resistance movement against the Axis powers—becoming the youngest recipient at the time.

She was executed in February 1943 at the age of 17 for shooting at German troops during World War II.[1] As her captors tied the noose around her neck, they offered her a way out of the gallows by revealing her comrades' and leaders' identities. She responded that she was not a traitor and that they would reveal themselves when they avenged her death.

Early life[edit]

Lepa Radić, a national hero hanged in Bosanska Krupa, in February 1943, when she was 17 years old.

Radić was born on 19 December 1925 in the village of Gašnica near Bosanska Gradiška. After graduation from the elementary school in the nearby Bistrica, she attended the first grade of Women's School of Crafts in Bosanska Krupa and completed the remaining grades at school in Bosanska Gradiška.[2]

As a pupil, Lepa emphasized the hard work, seriousness and also interested in reading advanced literature.[2] She developed her core positions under the strong influence of her uncle Vladeta Radić, who was involved in the labor movement.[3]

Starting with becoming a member of the League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia (SKOJ), she eventually joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1941 at the age of 15.

World War II[edit]

On 10 April 1941, after the successful invasion of Yugoslavia, the Axis powers established on its former territory the puppet state Independent State of Croatia, which, in particular, consisted of Bosanska Gradiška and its surroundings.

In November 1941, Lepa Radić and other family members were arrested by the Ustaše, but with the help of undercover partisan associates, she, along with her sister Dara, managed to escape from prison on 23 December 1941.[2][3] Right after the release, Radić decided to serve as a fighter in the 7th partisan company of the 2nd Krajiški Detachment.[2]

In February 1943 Lepa Radić was responsible for transporting the wounded in the battle of Neretva to a shelter in Grmech. During the fight against the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen she was captured and moved to Bosanska Krupa where, after torture for several days in an attempt to extract intel, was sentenced to death by hanging.

With the noose around her neck, she cried out: "Long live the Communist Party, and partisans! Fight, people, for your freedom! Do not surrender to the evildoers! I will be killed, but there are those who will avenge me!" In her last moments at the scaffold, the Germans offered to spare her life, in return for the names of the Communist Party leaders and members in the shelter, but she refused their offer with the words: "I am not a traitor of my people. Those whom you are asking about will reveal themselves when they have succeeded in wiping out all you evildoers, to the last man."[4] Lepa Radić was only 17 years old when she was publicly executed.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bjelić, Krste; Svirčić, Zdenko (1980). Heroine Jugoslavije [Heroines of Yugoslavia] (in Croatian). Zagreb: Spektar. OCLC 439136119. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jancar-Webster, Barbara (1990). Women & revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945. Arden Press. p. 100. ISBN 0-912869-10-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d Jasmina Čaušević, ed. (2014). Women Documented: Women and Public Life in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 20th century (PDF). Gender Edition. 4. Translated by Adisa Okerić Zaid; Lejla Efendi. Sarajevo: Sarajevo Open Center. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-9958-536-19-9. 
  3. ^ a b "Radić Svetozara Lepa". Narodni heroji Jugoslavije [National Heroes of Yugoslavia] (in Serbo-Croatian). Belgrade: Mladost. 1975. 
  4. ^ Kovačević, Dušanka (1977). Women of Yugoslavia in the National Liberation War. Belgrade: Conference for Social Activities of Yugoslav Women. p. 45. OCLC 22230663.