Line of duty death

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A mourning band, generally worn by firefighters for a period of time following a Line of Duty Death.

A line of duty death (LODD) is a death in the fire service while on duty at an emergency or drill. On average, there are more than 100 LODDs in the United States per year.[1] When a fire department loses a member in a LODD, it will commonly fly its flag at half-staff, and members will cover their badges with a mourning band. The Fire Department New York has a tradition of announcing deaths with four series of five bells (the four fives, 5-5-5-5).[2]

Statistics[edit]

All statistics[1]

  • The leading cause of fatalities of firefighters is heart attack (44%), followed by trauma (27%), motor vehicle collisions (20-25%) asphyxia and burns (20%). Asphixia and burns generally affect firefighters under 35 years of age more than stress or heart attacks, whereas the opposite is true for firefighters over 35 years of age.
  • Full-time and career firefighters accounted for 33% of fatalities, but only 26% of the fire service.
  • Where fire departments have EMS, calls related to this service may account for as much as 80% of call volume and as low as 50%. However, fatalities associated with these calls are very insignificant (3%).
  • Volunteer firefighters account for 85% of en route fatalities.
  • In the past decade, fatalities during training have risen to 6%.
  • About 8% of fatalities occur at incidents with more than one LODD.

Prevention[edit]

While the complexity of firefighting is increasing, due to everything from cars to chemicals, the number of LODDs is stagnant, or, if anything, decreasing.

Another factor is that a large number of LODDs - motor vehicle collisions - are preventable.[3]

L.O.D. Deaths Present-1980[edit]

Year Number of Deaths
2015 70
2014 87
2013 101
2012 83
2011 81
2010 87
2009 93
2008 118
2007 118
2006 107
2005 115
2004 119
2003 113
2002 101
2001 105/448**
2000 105
1999 114
1998 93
1997 100
1996 99
1995 103
1994 106
1993 81
1992 77
1991 108
1990 108
1989 119
1988 136
1987 131
1986 121
1985 126
1984 119
1983 113
1982 126
1981 135
1980 140

** The 2001 figure includes the 343 FDNY firefighters who were killed in the line of duty at the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Fire Administration. Firefighter Fatalities Historical Overview Archived 2009-11-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Tributes to Firefighters". Iowa Firefighters Association. Retrieved 3 February 2016. When a firefighter died ... headquarters would transmit five bell strikes, repeated in four series, with a slight pause between each series, followed by the announcement 
  3. ^ "LODD Prevention. A Lesson in Vehicle Maintenance and Safety". Loddprevention.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]