Lissocampus caudalis

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Australian smooth pipefish
Scientific classification
L. caudalis
Binomial name
Lissocampus caudalis
Waite & Hale, 1921[1]

Lissocampus caudalis, also called the Australian smooth pipefish or the smooth pipefish, is a species of marine fish belonging to the family Sygnathidae.[1]

They are found in coastal seagrass beds, rock pools, and rocky subtidal habitats along the southern coast of Australia from Northern Tasmania to Perth.[2][3][4][5] Their diet consists mostly of amphipods and copepods.[5] Reproduction occurs through ovoviviparity, in which the males give live birth.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Pollom, R.; Qian, Y. (2016). "Lissocampus caudalis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T65370051A67624150.en.
  2. ^ Dawson, C. E. 1977. Review of the Indo-Pacific pipefish genus Lissocampus(Syngnathidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 89: 599-620.
  3. ^ Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
  4. ^ Kuiter, R.H. 2000a. Seahorses, Pipefishes and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.
  5. ^ a b Kendrick, A.J. and Hyndes, G.A. 2003. Patterns in the abundance and size-distribution of syngnathid fishes among habitats in a seagrass-dominated marine environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 56: 1–10.
  6. ^ Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, USA.