List of Bollywood films of 1931

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A list of films produced by the Bollywood film industry based in Mumbai in 1931:

1931[edit]

1931 was a ground-breaking year for Indian cinema. The first Hindi Talkie Alam Ara was released on 11 March 1931 in Mumbai's Majestic Cinema.[1] The film was produced by Imperial Movietone and directed by Ardeshir Irani. It starred Master Vithal, Zubeida, Prithviraj Kapoor and W. M. Khan. The first song to be sung in films was by W. M. Khan for Alam Ara, "De De Khuda Ke Naam Par" under the music direction of Phiroz Shah Mistry.

This year saw the release of 207 silent films from all over India and 28 Talkies.[2] Out of the 28 talkies 23 were in Hindi, 3 in Bengali, one in Tamil, and one in Telugu.[3] The first Bengali film was Jamai Shashthi by Madan Theatres Calcutta. The first Tamil film was Kalidas produced by Imperial Movietone and the first Telugu talkie Bhakta Prahlada, was directed by H. M. Reddy for Bharat Movietone.

Madan Theatres Ltd, who had lost out in the race to produce the first talkie in India with Shirin Farhad which followed two months later, produced 8 Talkies from Calcutta.[4] Shirin Farhad was "twice as successful" compared to Alam Ara, and had 17 (out of the 18) songs sung by Jahanara Kajjan and Master Nissar.[5]

A[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1931
Aatishe Ishq Dhirubhai Desai Prabhashankar, Chandrarao Kadam, Mumtaz, Hamid, P. R. Joshi, Budhikar Saroj Film Co.
Abhishek a.k.a. The Anointment Prafulla Roy Uma Sashi, Jiban Ganguly, Bhaskar Paul, Veena, Chani Dutta, Bela Rani, Purnima Shome Graphic Arts, Calcutta.
Abul Hasan Prafulla Ghosh Khatoon, Master Bachchu, Hadi, Shahzadi Sagar Movietone.
Afghan Abla Narayan Deware Begum Fatma, Ebrahim, Jamuna, Raja Babu, Usha, Ganibabu Kohinoor United Artists.
Alam Ara Ardeshir Irani Master Vithal, Zubeida, Prithviraj Kapoor, Sushila, Jagdish Sethi, W. M. Khan, Elizer, Jilloobai, T. L. V. Prasad Costume Imperial Film Company. Music: B. Irani, Pirojshah Mistry
Lyrics:
Albeli Mumbai Nanubhai Vakil E. Billimoria, Shanta Kumari, Ghory Ranjit Film Company.
Alladin and the Wonderful Lamp Jal Ariah Patience Cooper, Miss Sylvia, Ratansha Sinore Fantasy Madan Theatres Ltd.
Amir Khan Ganpat Shinde Anasuya, Kishori Pathak, Sakharam Jadhav, Mathura Hindustan Cinema Film Co, Nasik.
Aparadhi a.k.a. The Criminal Debaki Bose P.C. Barua, Sabita Devi, Samar Ghosh, Shanti Gupta, Renubala, Sushil Majumdar, Prabhavati, Arti Devi, Purnima Shome, Nirmal, Radhikanand Social Barua Film Unit, Calcutta
Asire Hirs a.k.a. Nemesis of Lust Haribhai Desai Manohar, Jamadagni, Jamu Patel, Baburao Gade, Zunzharao Pawar, Baby Garbo Surya Film Co. Bangalore.
Awara Raqasa a.k.a. Bhatakta Joban Abdul Rashid Kardar Nazir, Begum Gulzar, Gul Ahmed, Rukhia Khatoon, Hiralal Social United Player's Corp. Lahore.
Anang Sena M. Gidwani Zohrajan, Master Vithal, Mushtari, Elizer, Jagdish Sethi Jilloobai Costume

B-C[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1931
Baaz Bahadur a.k.a. Rani Rupmati Bhal G. Pendharkar Sulochana (Ruby Myers), Choudhary Historical Drama Maharashtra Film Co. Kolhapur
Badmash a.k.a. Rascal Rama Chowdhary Jal Merchant, Yasmin, Jyotsana, Dixit Navjawan Film Co.
Bahadur Beti A. P. Kapoor Zebunissa, P. Jairaj, Meharbanu, Miss Salu Social Sharda Film Company.
Banke Sawariya Jayant Desai E. Billimoria, Ishwarlal, Shanta Kumari, Ghory, Manilal Ranjit film Company.
Bewafa Ashiq Dr. Alvaro Bhagwandas, Leelavati, Fatma Surya Prakash Film Co.
Bharati Balak Agha Hashar Kashmiri Patience Cooper, Master Mohan, D. Sarkari, Sharifa, Surajram, Mohammed Ishaq Costume Madan Theatres Ltd.
Bijli Ramankant, Ghare Khan Indira Devi, Dixit, Bhagwandas, Jaswant Navjawan Co.
Chandbibi a.k.a. Queen of Ahmednagar N. D. Sarpotdar Kamla Devi, Hira Dharwadkar, Jadhavrao, Varne, Bhaurao Datar Historical Drama Aryan Film Co.
Chandrasena V. Shantaram Kamla Devi, Leela pendharkar, Gulab, G. R. Mane Historical Drama Prabhat Film Company.
Chintamani Kanjibhai Rathod Shanta Kumari, Haider Shah, Master Mohammed, Kashinath, Manjula, Fateh Singh Devotional Bharat Movietone. Music:
Lyrics:

D-F[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1931
Dagabaaz Dushman Kantilal Patel Yusuf, Gulab East India Film Co.
Dard-E-Jigar a.k.a. Songs of Sorrow R. N. Vaidya Khalil, Nurjahan Sharda Film Co.
Darkness To Light Bapsy Sabavala Bapsy Sabavala
Dhartikamp Harshadrai Mehta Navinchandra, Mohini, Baburao Apte, Nizam, Bhim, Alam Sultan, Lobo, Manilal Mehta Luhar Productions.
Daulat Ka Nasha Pesi Irani Master Vithal, Khalil, Tarabai, Hadi, Jilloobai, Jamshedji, Makand Social Talkie. Imperial Movietone. Music: Firoz Shah Mistry, Mohammed Hadi
Lyrics:
Debi Choudhrani Priyanath Ganguly Anupama, Kartik Roy, Naresh Mitra, Rani Sundari, Shyam Mukherjee, Nani Social Madan Theatres Ltd Silent
Devi Devyani Chandulal Shah D. Billimoria, Gohar Mamajiwala, Bhagwandas, Keki Adjania, Miss Kamla, Baburao Sansare, Baba Vyas, Sudhir Mythology Talkie. Ranjit Film Company. Music: Jhandekhan
Lyrics: Narayan Prasad Betab
Digvijay Asooji P. Jairaj, Sitara Devi, Gulab Sharda Film Company
Dilawar R. G. Torney Master Vithal, Pramila, Mehboob Khan, Lakshmi, Mubarak Sagar Movietone
Diler Daku JBH Wadia, Homi Wadia Fatma Jr, Yashwant Dave, Mumtaz Action Young United Players. Silent film.
Diwani Duniya Naval Gandhi Thomas, Zubeida Kohinoor United Artists.
Draupadi Bhagwati Prasad Mishra Prithviraj Kapoor, Ermeline, Khalil, Jagdish Sethi, Jilloobai, Rustom Irani, Nayampally, Hadi Mythology Imperial Movietone. Music:
Lyrics:
Dushman-e-Iman Homi Master Ebrahim, Jamuna, Raja Babu Pratap Pictures.
Dushman Ki Raat a.k.a. Night of Terror Balasaheb Yadav Nandrekar, Sushila Devi, Balasaheb Yadav, Padmabai Maharashtra Film Co, Kohlapur.
Eye For An Eye a.k.a. Meethi Chhuri Madanrai Vakil Zubeida, Yakub, Khurshid, Romila, Ghulam Qadir, Sankatha Prasad, Salvi Sagar Film Company. Silent film.
Farari a.k.a. Outlaw Y. D. Sarpotdar University Art Federation.
Farebi Daku a.k.a. Mysterious Bandit Abdul Rashid Kardar Gul Hamid, Gulzar, Nazir, M. Ismail, Hiralal Action United Player's Corp. Lahore.
Farebi Shahzada A. R. Kardar Gul Hamid, Gulzar, Nazir, M. Ismail, Hiralal Costume Action United Player's Corp.
Fauladi Firman a.k.a. Fists of Steel Baburao Wamanrao Kulkarni, Master Bachchu, Jen, Baburao Gade Action Surya Film Co, Bangalore.

G-L[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1931
Gayab-e-Garud a.k.a. Black Eagle Harilal M Bhatt Keki Adjania, Miss Mani, Paro Nag Mahavir Photoplays, Hyderabad
Ghar Ki Lakshmi Kanjibhai Rathod Rampyari, M. Gaznavi, Sardar Krishnatone. Silent film
Ghulami Zanjeer Haider Shah, Durga, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Manohar Krishna Film Co.
Ghunghatwali Nandlal Jaswantlal Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Baburao Sansare, Thatte Ranjit Film Co.
Golibar Bhagwati Mishra Prithviraj Kapoor, Ermeline, Mazhar Khan, Romila Sagar Movietone
Gulam Moti B. Gidwani Master Vithal, Manorama, Zaverbhai Qaiser Imperial Film Company.
Gwalan a.k.a. Milkmaid Nagendra Majumdar E. Billimoria, Sultana Ranjit Film Company. Music:
Lyrics:
Harishchandra Kanjibhai Rathod Haidar Shah, Neelam, Kashinath, Master Mohammed, Fateh Shah Mythology Talkie. Krishnatone. Music: Master Mohammed
Lyrics:
Heer Ranjha J. P. Advani Shanta Kumari, Master Fakir Legend Romance Talkie. Krishnatone. Music: Ali Baksh
Lyrics:
Hoor-E-Misar Prafulla Ghosh Zubeida, Master Vithal Sagar Film Company.
Hoor-E-Roshan Nanubhai Vakil D. Billimoria, Madhuri Ranjit Film Company
Hridaya Veena A. P. Kapoor P. Jairaj, Zebunissa, Ata Mohammed Sharda Film Co.
Husn Pari A. P. Kapoor P. Jairaj, Mehtab Sharda Film Co.
Intaqam Haribhai Desai Manohar, Waman Rao, Jena, Peters, Zhunzharrao Pawar, Baburao Gade Surya Film Company, Bangalore.
Iraq Ka Chor K. P. Bhave Sushila, Vasantrao Pehalwan Costume Action National Film Co, Hyderabad
Jadu-E-Mohabbat a.k.a. Magic of Love Harshadrai Mehta Gulab, Nandram Sharda Film Co.
Jamai-Babu Kalipada Das Kalipada Dass, Radharani, Pravat Coomar, Sibapada Bhowmick, Amulya Bandhopadhay, Rajen Barooah, Sadhana Devi Comedy Hira Film Coy. Silent film
Kamar Al-Zaman Gazanfarali Shah W. M. Khan, Sultana, Pramila, Mazhar Khan, Cho Cho Lam, Jamshedji, Manorama Sr, Tarabai, Hansraj Costume Imperial Film Company
Khooni Katar a.k.a. Golden Dagger Abdul Rashid Kardar Miss Gulzar, Gul Hamid, M. Ismail, Hiralal, Ghulam Qadir, M. Zahoor Action United Player's Corp. Lahore.
Khuda Ki Shaan Rama Chowdhary Sulochana (Ruby Myers), Salvi, Elizer, Sushila, Raghunath, Makanda Imperial Film Company
Kismet Ki Hera Pheri R. L. Shorey Haider Shah, Zohrajan, Maqbul, Miss Sardar, Abdul Rashid Kardar, Harold Lewis (Majnu), Hukum Singh, Kamla Devi Costume Oriental Players, Lahore. Pioneer Film Co., Punjab.
Laila Majnu 1 J. J. Madan Jehanara Kajjan, Master Nissar, Shaila Legend Romance Talkie. 24 songs. Madan Theatres Ltd. Music: Brijlal Varma
Lyrics:
Laila Majnu 2 Kanjibhai Rathod Haider Shah, Rampyari, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Mangle, Fatehsingh, Ali Bux Legend Romance Krishnatone. Music:
Lyrics:

M-Z[edit]

Title Director Cast Genre Notes
1931
Namak Haram Kon a.k.a. A Bid For The Throne Madanrai Vakil Prithviraj Kapoor, Ermiline, Mubarak, Leelavati, Jagdish Sethi, Zaverbhai Qaiser Costume Imperial Film Company.
Noor Jahan Ezra Mir Mazhar Khan, Vimala, Mubarak, Nayampally, Jamshedji, Hadi, Jilloobai, Zaverbhai Historical Drama Talkie. Imperial Film Company. Music: Joseph David
Lyrics:
Pak Daman a.k.a. The Pure Kanjibhai Rathod Rampyari, Haider Shah, Yakbal, Vishnu Krishnatone.
Raj Tilak Madanrai Vakil Mazhar Khan, Ermeline, Mehboob Khan, Rustam Irani, Elizer, Gohar Costume Imperial Film Company.
Romantic Prince a.k. Meri Jaan Prafulla Ghosh Master Vithal, Zubeida, Yakub, Mehboob Khan, Sankatha Prasad Sagar Movietone. Silent film.
Roop Sundari a.k.a. Wages of Sin Sultana, Shahzadi, Zubeida Mysore Pictures Corporation. Silent Film
Samaj Ka Shikar M. Gidwani Patience Cooper, Gul Hamid, Master Mohan, Sharifa Social Madan Theatres Ltd.
Satyawadi Raja Harishchandra J. J. Madan Jehanara Kajjan, Mohammed Nawab, Patience Cooper, Sharifa, Mythology Madan Theatres Ltd. Music:
Lyrics:
Sea Goddess a.k.a. Dariani Devangana Dhirubhai Desai Padma Devi, Zebunissa, Chandra Rao Kadam, Pawar, Ata Mohammed Fantasy Saroj Film Company. Silent
Shakuntala 1 J. J. Madan Master Nissar, Jehanara Kajjan, Shehla, Nawab, Sharifa Mythology Talkie. Madan Theatres Ltd. Music: Brijlal Sharma
Lyrics:
Shakuntala 2 M. Bhavnani Zebunissa, Ashraf Khan, Zahiruddin, A. P. Kapoor, Najju Begum, Ranibala, Prabhashankar, Dinkar Bidkar Mythology Talkie. Saroj Movietone. Music:
Lyrics: A. P. Kapoor
Sher-E-Jawan a.k.a. Dashing Youth Ramakant, Gharekhan Haider Shah, Rampyari, Charlie, Madhukar Gupte, Ghulam Hussain Krishna Film Company. Silent film.
Shirin Farhad J. J. Madan Master Nissar, Jehanara Kajjan, Mohamed Hussain, Master Mohan, Sharifa, Abdul Rehman Kabuli Legend Romance Talkie. Madan Theatres Ltd. Music: Brijlal Varma
Lyrics: Agha Hashar Kashmiri
Shuri Sinha a.k.a. Lioness Prafulla Ghosh Ram Pyari, Haider Shah, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Miss Sardar Krishna Film Company. Silent Film.
Third Wife Social Madan Theatres Ltd.
Toofan Bhagwati Mishra Prithviraj Kapoor, Ermeline, Fali Merchant Sagar Movietone.
Toofani Taruni Bhagwati Prasad Mishra Yakub, Ermeline, Jal Merchant, Laxmi Action Sagar Film Company.
Trapped a.k.a. Farebi Jaal M. Bhavnani Durga Khote, Jal Khambata, Enakshi Rama Rau, Master Vasant, Sushila, Annapurna, Talpade Social Talkie. Indian Art Productions. Music:
Lyrics: Vasant Amrit
Veer Abhimanyu Prafulla Ghosh Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant, Baburao Sansare, Mehboob Khan, Sankatha Prasad, Jilloobai Mythology Sagar Movietone. Music: S. P. Rane

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sen, Shomini. "100 years of Indian cinema: The first talkies and era of taking risks". ibnlive.in.com. ibnlive.com. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  2. ^ Ranade, Ashok Damodar (2006). Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries. Bibliophile South Asia. p. 94. ISBN 9788185002644. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  3. ^ Burra, Chandran, Rani, Mangala (1981). Fifty years of Indian talkies, 1931-1981: a commemorative volume. India: Indian Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  4. ^ Ranade, p. 109
  5. ^ Nair, Roshni. "The man who missed the train". thebigindianpicture.com. thebigindianpicture. Retrieved 18 August 2014.

External links[edit]