List of historic United States Marines
The following is a list of the prominent names in U. S. Marine Corps lore—the people who make up what the Marines call "Knowledge". Names in this list are notable for actions made as a Marine; individuals whose notability is unrelated to service in uniform can be found at List of United States Marines.
Medal of Honor recipients
- Smedley Butler – awarded two Medals of Honor for two different acts outspoken critic of war profiteers, testified in Congress regarding a plot to overthrow the government
- Dan Daly – awarded two Medals of Honor for two different acts
- John Basilone – only enlisted Marine Medal of Honor recipient to return to combat and be killed
- Gregory "Pappy" Boyington – Medal of Honor recipient who commanded the famous "Black Sheep Squadron" (VMA-214) during WWII
- Louis Cukela – awarded both Navy and Army Medals of Honor
- Merritt A. Edson – Medal of Honor recipient and commander of the 1st Marine Raiders Battalion
- Joe Foss – leading fighter ace of the Marine Corps during World War II and Medal of Honor recipient, recognizing his role in the air combat during the Guadalcanal Campaign
- Jacklyn H. Lucas – youngest Marine to receive the Medal of Honor
- John Lucian Smith – Medal of Honor recipient and flying ace in the battle of Guadalcanal
Marine Corps firsts
- Vernice Armour – first female African-American combat pilot in United States military
- Frederick C. Branch – first African-American Marine officer
- Marion Carl – First Marine Ace (18.5 victories), member of the Cactus Air Force, first Marine helicopter pilot
- John L. Estrada – the first person of Hispanic descent promoted to Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
- Annie Neal Graham – first African American woman Marine
- Opha May Johnson – recognized officially as the first woman Marine
- James L. Jones, Sr. – commanded the Observer Group, the first amphibious reconnaissance unit in the United States; father of James L. Jones, Jr., the 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
- John F. Mackie – first Marine awarded the Medal of Honor
- Alfred Masters – first African American in the United States Marine Corps
- Dennis M. McCarthy – first Reserve General Officer to command an active duty Marine Division
- Alford L. McMichael – first African American Marine to serve as Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
- Samuel Nicholas – first Commandant of the Marine Corps
- Peter Pace – first Marine to become the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2005–2007), previously the Vice Chairman (2001–2005)
- Frank E. Petersen – first African-American aviator Marine, first African-American Marine general, first African-American to command a fighter squadron, a fighter air group, an air wing and a major base.
- Angela Salinas – the first Hispanic female to obtain a general rank in the Marines
- France Silva – the first Marine of Hispanic descent to be awarded the Medal of Honor
- Pedro del Valle – first Hispanic to reach the rank of lieutenant general, played an instrumental role in defeating Japanese forces during the Battle of Okinawa
- John Glenn – first Marine astronaut, first American to fly the Project Mercury spacecraft, first American to orbit the Earth
- Minnie Spotted-Wolf – first enlisted Native American woman Marine
- Bryan B. Battaglia - first Marine appointed Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Other prominent Marines
- John Bolt – only Marine aviator to achieve the title of ace in both WWII and the Korean War; remains to this day the only Marine jet aircraft ace
- Evans Carlson – commanded the World War II Marine Raiders, also credited with introducing the term Gung-ho into the Marine Corps.
- Alfred Cunningham – patron of Marine Corps aviation, innovative thinker in introducing air support, helped create the Advanced Base Force
- Lou Diamond – "Mr. Leatherneck," namesake of the actor Lou Diamond Phillips
- Earl H. Ellis – conducted espionage missions in Micronesia that influenced the planning of the island-hopping campaigns of World War II
- Guy Gabaldon – captured (or persuaded to surrender) about 1,000 Japanese soldiers and numerous civilians during the Battle of Saipan (1944)
- Carlos Hathcock – renowned Marine sniper with 93 confirmed kills during the Vietnam War
- Ira Hayes – Native American flag raiser on Iwo Jima during World War II
- Archibald Henderson – "Grand old man of the Marine Corps," longest-serving Commandant of the Marine Corps (1820–1859)
- Albert L. Ireland – received the most Purple Hearts, nine.
- Victor H. Krulak – developed new concepts in expeditionary warfare, such as use of Higgins landing craft and helicopters; father of Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps
- John A. Lejeune – 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps, Commanding General of the U.S. Army's 2nd Infantry Division, and author of the birthday message read aloud at every Marine Corps Birthday Ball ceremony
- Chuck Mawhinney – Marine sniper with most confirmed kills, all occurring during the Vietnam War
- Presley O'Bannon – famous for his exploits in the First Barbary War
- Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller – received five Navy Crosses, and the Army Distinguished Service Cross
- John Ripley – highly decorated Marine, only living person (at the time) to be memorialized in the Naval Academy's museum, first Marine inducted into the Ranger hall of fame
- Lawson H. M. Sanderson - aviation pioneer, Father of Dive bombing technique
- William J. Whaling – highly decorated Marine, developed more idea of reconnaissance units and created the basics for Marine Scout and sniper Company and for Marine Recon itself
- Dion Williams – patron of naval and amphibious reconnaissance, hoisted the first American flag raised over Spanish soil in the Spanish–American War
- "Double Recipients". Full List of MOH Recipients. Congressional Medal of Honor Society. Retrieved 2007-10-14.
- "Scott, Stephen W.", (2009) Sergeant Major Dan Daly; The Most Outstanding Marine of all Time. Publishamerica Publishers. ISBN 1-60836-465-8.
- "John Basilone Parade Website". Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Major Gregory "Pappy" Boyington – C.O. VMF-214, Black Sheep Squadron". AcePilots.com. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "WWII vet who was youngest Medal of Honor winner dies". The Seattle Times via Associated Press. June 5, 2008. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "Sgt. Maj. of Marine Corps sword of office changes hands" (Press release). Division of Public Affairs, United States Marine Corps. July 2, 2003. Release # 0703-03-0537. Retrieved 2007-01-24.
- "African American Milestones in Naval History". African American Milestones in Naval History. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
- "Marine Corps Board Knowledge". Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Shaw, Jr., Henry I.; Donnelly, Ralph W. (1995). "Blacks in the Marine Corps". Air University. Retrieved December 1, 2011. p. 2
- Coral Anika Theill. "WORLD WAR II Montford Point Marines: Honoring And Preserving Their Legacy". Leatherneck Magazine. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- Williams, Janette (2011-09-20). "Political activist Isabell Masters, whose presidential ambitions started in Pasadena, dies at 98". Pasadena Star-News. Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
- Williams, Rudi (February 6, 2004). "Marine Corps' Magnetism Beckons Future General into World of Elite Warfighters". DefenseLINK News. U.S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
- "Official Biography of Angela Salinas". United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "History of the Women Marines". Women Marines Association. Archived from the original on 2006-06-16. Retrieved 2006-08-10.
- Dorr (2005), p.164–65.
- "Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Austell Cunningham, USMC". Marine Corps Legacy Museum. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Allan R. Millett, "Semper Fidelis: The History of the United States Marine Corps", (New York, NY: The New Press, 1991).
- "Corporal Ira Hamilton Hayes, USMCR". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2006-09-01.
- "Colonel and Brevet Brigadier General Archibald Henderson, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Miller, Steven (2009-01-03). "Military Innovator Who Sought New Approach to Battle in Vietnam". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Perry, Tony (2000-01-22). "A Sniper at Peace With His Duties". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- "Noteworthy Marines". Tun-Tavern.com. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- "USMC Knowledge". NROTC, Boston University. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
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