List of utilitarians

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This is an incomplete list of advocates of utilitarianism and/or consequentialism.



18th Century[edit]

19th Century[edit]

20th Century[edit]



  1. ^ 'Dei delitti e delle pene' (Of Crime and Punishment), Milan, 1764.
  2. ^ 'Essay on Utilitarianism, Long Version', in Amnon Goldworth (ed.), Deontology; together with A table of the springs of action; and the Article on Utilitarianism, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983.
  3. ^ The Province of Jurisprudence Determined, London, 1832.
  4. ^ Selected Writings on Ethics and Politics, Amsterdam 2007.
  5. ^ Mathematical Psychics, London: Kegan Paul, 1881; New and Old Methods of Ethics, Oxford and London: James Parker, 1877.
  6. ^ An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Political Justice. 1st edition.
  7. ^ The Economy of Happiness, Boston, 1906.
  8. ^ Utilitarianism, London, 1863.
  9. ^ The Methods of Ethics, London: Macmillan, 1907, 7th edition.
  10. ^ The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, London: Routledge, 2000 [London: Allen and Unwin, 1969, Vol. 1], p. 39 ("It appeared to me obvious that the happiness of mankind should be the aim of all action, and I discovered to my surprise that there were those who thought otherwise. Belief in happiness, I found, was called Utilitarianism, and was merely one among a number of ethical theories. I adhered to it after this discovery.").
  11. ^ 'An Outline of a System of Utilitarian Ethics', in J. J. C. Smart and B. Williams, Utilitarianism: For and Against, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
  12. ^ The Rational Foundations of Ethics, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1988.
  13. ^ 'Ethical Theory and Utilitarianism', in H. D. Lewis, Contemporary British Philosophy, Vol. 4, London: Allen and Unwin.
  14. ^ 'Morality and the Theory of Rational Behavior', Social Research, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 623-56.
  15. ^ Supporting the case against empathy--Jonathan Baron interviewed by Edwin Rutsch, YouTube, 6:01.
  16. ^ A Theory of the Good and the Right, Amherst: Prometheus, 1998.
  17. ^ 'Utilitarismo', in Victoria Camps, Osvaldo Guariglia and Fernando Salmerón (eds.), Concepciones de la ética, Madrid: Trotta: 1992, pp. 269-295.
  18. ^ Ideal Code, Real World, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  19. ^ Member of Facebook Utilitarians group.
  20. ^ Happiness: Lessons from a New Science, London: Penguin, 2005, pp. 4, 112 ("[My] philosophy is that of the eighteenth century Enlightenment, as articulated by Jeremy Bentham. [...] I believe Bentham's idea was right and that we should fearlessly adopt it and apply it to our lives.").
  21. ^ "I'm a cosmopolitan utilitarian." Dylan Matthews, "You have $8 billion. You want to do as much good as possible. What do you do?". Vox (April 24, 2015).
  22. ^ 'An Argument for Utilitarianism', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 11, no. 2 (1981), pp. 229-239 (with Peter Singer).
  23. ^ 'Reasons without Demands: Rethinking Rightness', in James Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory, Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006, p. 39 ("Many utilitarians (myself included) believe [...]").
  24. ^ The Hedonistic Imperative, §2.19 ("The utilitarian ethic championed here [...]").
  25. ^
  26. ^ 'The Singer Solution to World Poverty', The New York Times Magazine, September 5, 1999, pp. 60-63 ("for a utilitarian philosopher like myself [...]").
  27. ^ 'Vegetarianism', in Tom L. Beauchamp and R. G. Frey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics, Oxford: Oxford University Press ("As a utilitarian, I...").
  28. ^ Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  29. ^ Hedonistic Utilitarianism, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1998.
  30. ^ The Moral Animal: Why We Are, the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology, Vintage, 1995, p. 341 ("although utilitarianism was Darwin's and Mill's solution to the moral challenge of modern science, it isn't everyone's. Nor is this chapter intended to make it everyone's (although, I admit, it's mine).").