Torbjörn Tännsjö (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈtuːrbjœɳ ˇtɛnːɧøː]; born 1946 in Västerås) is a Swedish professor of philosophy and public intellectual. He has held a chair in Practical Philosophy at Stockholm University since 2002 and he is Affiliated Professor of Medical Ethics at Karolinska Institute. Tännsjö was Associate Professor of Philosophy at Stockholm University from 1976 to 1993 and Research Fellow in Political Philosophy at the Swedish Research Council in the Humanities and Social Sciences between 1993 and 1995. Thereafter, he was a professor of Practical Philosophy at Göteborg University 1995-2001.
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Tännsjö has been a member of the medical ethics board of the faculty of medicine at Göteborg University and the ethical committee of Karolinska Institute. He is a member of the medical ethics committee of The National Board of Health and Welfare (the Swedish Government agency responsible for the supervision, evaluation and monitoring of social services, health care and medical services, dental care, environmental health, and control of communicable diseases). Furthermore, he is a member of the editorial board of Monash Bioethics Review, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi (Journal for Political Philosophy), Philosophical Papers, the ethics section of the web psychiatric journal Psychomedia, and Bioethics.
Tännsjö is one of the few Swedish philosophers who is frequently heard in the public debate. His distinctly utilitarian ethical views have made him a controversial figure, notably within the medical establishment and for the Swedish Christian Democrats.
Tännsjö is a supporter of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, an organisation which advocates for democratic reformation of the United Nations, and the creation of a more accountable international political system.
Recently, Tännsjö has published, in Swedish, an intellectual autobiography in two volumes. A review of the second volume by conservative historian of ideas Svante Nordin calls Tännsjö’s views on abortion, euthanasia and other issues in medical ethics “consistently crazy”. Nonetheless, Nordin praises Tännsjö's intellectual honesty and integrity, noting that he is “not primarily looking to show that [his] opponents are bad people, but rather that they are wrong. This means that he endeavors to present even the opponent's argument relatively clearly.”
- Moral Realism (Savage, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1990)
- Conservatism for Our Time (London: Routledge, 1990)
- Populist Democracy: A Defence (London: Routledge, 1993)
- Hedonistic Utilitarianism (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1998)
- Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine (London: Routledge, 1999)
- Values in Sport: Elitism, Nationalism, Gender Equality and the Scientific Manufacture of Winners (London: E&FN Spon/Routledge, 2000)
- Understanding Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Theory (3rd rev. ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press)
- Terminal Sedation: Euthanasia in Disguise (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2004).
- The Repugnant Conclusion. Essays on Population Ethics (Dordrecht. Kluwer, 2004).
- Genetic Technology and Sport (London and New York: Routledge, 2005)
- Global Democracy: The Case for a World Government (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008).
- Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015)
- Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019
- Helle Klein (2005-06-08). "Vill Karolinska ha ett yrkesförbud?". Aftonbladet. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- Video on YouTube
- "Statements". Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
- Tännsjö, Torbjörn (2017). Vänsterdocenten. Stockholm: Fri Tanke Förlag. ISBN 9789187935657.
- Tännsjö, Torbjörn (2017). Etikprofessorn. Stockholm: Fri Tanke Förlag. ISBN 9789188589149.
- Nordin, Svante (December 2019). "Signerat: Tokiga åsikter, men berömvärt ändå". Sans.