List of battles fought in Ohio

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This is an incomplete list of military confrontations that have occurred within the boundaries of the modern US State of Ohio since European contact. The region was part of New France from 1679–1763, ruled by Great Britain from 1763–1783, and part of the United States of America 1783–present.

Several wars that have directly affected the region including the French and Indian War (1754–1763), American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), Northwest Indian War (1785–1795), Tecumseh's War (1811–1812), War of 1812 (1812–1814), and the American Civil War (1860–1865).

Battles[edit]

Monument at the site of the Big Bottom massacre
Plan of the Battle of Fort Meigs, 5 May, from Benson J. Lossing's Pictorial Field Book of the War of 1812
Battle of Fort Stephenson depicted in 1912 history book
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial
Name Date Location War Campaign Dead Belligerents
Fort Sandusky May 16, 1763 disputed[1] Pontiac's Rebellion 15+[2] Wyandot vs Kingdom of Great Britain
Siege of Fort Laurens February 22 - March 20, 1779 near modern Bolivar, Ohio American Revolutionary War Western theater 17+ Kingdom of Great Britain & Native allies[3] vs. United States of America[4]
Battle of Chillicothe May 1779 Chillicothe, Ohio American Revolutionary War Western theater unknown[5] Kentucky militia vs Shawnee
Gnadenhutten massacre March 8, 1782 Gnadenhutten, Ohio American Revolutionary War Western theater 96 unarmed Lenape[6] Pennsylvania militia vs Christian Lenape
Logan's Raid October 1786 near modern Springfield, Ohio Northwest Indian War 11 Shawnee vs Kentucky militia
Big Bottom massacre January 2, 1791 near modern Stockport, Ohio Northwest Indian War 12 Lenape & Wyandot vs Ohio settlers
Siege of Dunlap's Station January 8–11, 1791 near modern Dunlap, Ohio Northwest Indian War 2 Native Americans[7] vs Ohio settlers
St. Clair's Defeat November 4, 1791 near modern Fort Recovery, Ohio Northwest Indian War 893+ Western Confederacy vs United States of America
Attack on Fort St. Clair[8] November 9, 1792 modern Preble County Northwest Indian War 10+ Miami vs Kentucky militia
Siege of Fort Recovery June 30-July 1, 1794 modern Fort Recovery, Ohio Northwest Indian War 43+ Western Confederacy vs United States of America
Battle of Fallen Timbers August 20, 1794 near modern Maumee, Ohio Northwest Indian War 77[9] Western Confederacy vs United States of America
Battle of Marblehead Peninsula[10] September 29, 1812 modern Marblehead, Ohio War of 1812[11] 48 Tecumseh's confederacy vs United States citizens
Siege of Fort Meigs[12] April 28 - May 9, 1813 modern Perrysburg, Ohio War of 1812 174+[13] United Kingdom & Native Americans vs United States of America
Battle of Fort Stephenson[14] August 2, 1813 modern Sandusky County, Ohio War of 1812 27 United Kingdom & Tecumseh's confederacy vs United States of America
Battle of Put-in-Bay September 10, 1813 Lake Erie near modern Put-in-Bay, Ohio War of 1812 68 United Kingdom vs United States of America
Battle of Buffington Island[15] July 19, 1863 Portland, Ohio / Buffington Island American Civil War Morgan's Raid (1863) 77 United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Battle of Salineville[16] June 26, 1863 near Salineville, Ohio American Civil War Morgan's Raid (1863) United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Cincinnati Courthouse riots[17] March 28 - 30, 1884 Cincinnati, Ohio Protest of a jury case 56 Citizen mob vs Cincinnati Police, 1st Ohio Militia, Dayton militia & Columbus militia
Kent State riot May 4, 1970 Kent, Ohio Vietnam War Protest of the Cambodia invasion 4 Ohio Army National Guard vs Kent State University students

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The exact location of the fort is variously given as somewhere in modern Ottawa County, Sandusky County, and Erie County. The Ohio Historical Society and the Erie County Historical Society erected a memorial marker at Sandusky in 1979.
  2. ^ The garrison consisted of 15 soldiers and their commander. Several British traders were present and killed at the fort during the raid.
  3. ^ Specifically, Wyandot, Mingo, Munsee & Delaware
  4. ^ Specifically, 150 men from the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment and the 13th Virginia Regiment.
  5. ^ Various sources record 8-10 casualties among the militia, but do not state whether these were killed, wounded, or both; additionally, Shawnee casualties are unknown.
  6. ^ 28 men, 29 women, and 39 children.
  7. ^ Led by Simon Girty.
  8. ^ Site of Fort St. Clair
  9. ^ Native American losses are given from 19 up to 40.
  10. ^ "First Battle Site 1812 Ohio Historical Marker". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2012-01-25. "A very brief history of the Keeper's House". Ottawa County Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-01-25. 
  11. ^ The Battle of Marblehead Peninsula (more accurately referred to as a skirmish), is often cited as the first conflict on land in the War of 1812. However, this is incorrect.
  12. ^ "Fort Meigs History". Fort Meigs Historic Site. Retrieved 2012-01-25. 
  13. ^ This figure does not include Indian numbers, which are recorded as 19 killed and wounded.
  14. ^ "The Battle of Fort Stephenson". Sandusky County Scrapbook. Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2012-01-25. 
  15. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summary: Buffington Island". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-01-25. 
  16. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summary: Salineville". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-01-25. 
  17. ^ "Cincinnati Courthouse Riot". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 2017-03-27.