Erie County, Ohio
|Erie County, Ohio|
Location in the state of Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 16, 1838|
|Named for||Erie tribe|
|• Total||626 sq mi (1,621 km2)|
|• Land||252 sq mi (653 km2)|
|• Water||374 sq mi (969 km2), 60%|
|• Density||306/sq mi (118/km²)|
|Congressional districts||4th, 9th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,079. Its county seat is Sandusky. The county is named for the Erie tribe, whose name was their word for "wildcat". It was formed in 1838 from the northern third of Huron County, and a portion of Sandusky County.
It is home to the amusement park Cedar Point.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Education
- 6 Communities
- 7 Places of interest
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Erie County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 626 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 252 square miles (650 km2) is land and 374 square miles (970 km2) (60%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by land area. The county borders Canada to the north across Lake Erie.
It is drained by Huron and Vermilion rivers. Near Huron River are several ancient mounds and enclosures, and at Sandusky are extensive quarries of valuable limestone. The surface is generally level, the soil alluvial and exceedingly fertile.
Adjacent counties and municipalities
- Essex County, Ontario (north)
- Chatham-Kent municipality, Ontario (north)
- Lorain County (east)
- Huron County (south)
- Sandusky County (west)
- Ottawa County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 79,551 people, 31,727 households, and 21,764 families residing in the county. The population density was 312 people per square mile (121/km²). There were 35,909 housing units at an average density of 141 per square mile (54/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.64% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 9.2% Irish, 8.2% English, 8.1% Italian and 7.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 31,727 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,746, and the median income for a family was $51,756. Males had a median income of $39,249 versus $23,697 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,530. About 6.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.
In 2008, the Census Bureau announced that the county's population had declined to an estimated 77,323 by July 1, 2007.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 77,079 people, 31,860 households, and 21,011 families residing in the county. The population density was 306.4 inhabitants per square mile (118.3/km2). There were 37,845 housing units at an average density of 150.4 per square mile (58.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.0% white, 8.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.8% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.5% were Italian, and 4.6% were American.
Of the 31,860 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 43.4 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,593 and the median income for a family was $61,247. Males had a median income of $46,211 versus $32,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,290. About 8.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
|Commissioner||Thomas M. Ferrell, Jr.||Democrat|
|Commissioner||Patrick J. Shenigo||Democrat|
|Prosecutor||Kevin J. Baxter||Democrat|
|Sheriff||Paul A. Sigsworth||Democrat|
|Clerk of Courts||Luvada S. Wilson||Democrat|
|Recorder||Barbara A. Sessler||Democrat|
|Treasurer||Pamela S. Ferrell||Democrat|
|Engineer||John "Jack" D. Farschman||Democrat|
|Coroner||Dr. Brian Baxter||Republican|
|Auditor||Richard H. Jeffrey||Republican|
|Common Pleas Court Judge||Roger E. Binette||Republican|
|Common Pleas Court Judge||Beverly K. McGookey|
|Juvenile Court Judge||Robert C. DeLamatre||Republican|
All or part of eleven school districts serve Erie County and its residents:
- Bellevue City School District: includes parts of Bellevue and Groton Township.
- Berlin-Milan Local School District: includes parts of Berlin Heights and Milan, and Berlin, Florence, Huron, Milan, Oxford, Perkins, and Vermilion Townships.
- Firelands Local School District: includes parts of Florence Township.
- Huron City School District: includes parts of Huron and Berlin, Huron, and Milan Townships.
- Kelleys Island Local School District: includes all of Kelleys Island.
- Margaretta Local School District: includes parts of Bay View and Castalia, and Groton and Margaretta Townships.
- Monroeville Local School District: includes parts of Oxford Township.
- Perkins Local School District: includes parts of Groton, Huron, Margaretta, Milan, Oxford, and Perkins Townships.
- Sandusky Central Catholic Schools: includes Sandusky's three Parishes (St. Mary, Ss. Peter & Paul, and Holy Angels).
- St. Peter's School: a private catholic elementary school in Huron
- Sandusky City School District: includes all of Sandusky.
- Vermilion Local School District: includes parts of Vermilion and Florence and Vermilion Townships.
- Western Reserve Local School District: including parts of Florence Township.
Places of interest
- "Ohio County Profiles: Erie County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Erie County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on May 18, 2011. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office Of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Erie. III. A N. county of Ohio". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01)" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- Erie County Departments & Agencies
- Erie County Democratic Party elected officials
- Erie County Republican Party elected officials
- William W. Williams, History of the Fire Lands, Comprising Huron and Erie Counties, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of the Prominent Men and Pioneers. Cleveland, OH: Press of Leader Printing Company, 1879.
||Ottawa County||Lake Erie|
|Sandusky County||Lorain County|