Erie County, Ohio

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Erie County, Ohio
Sandusky, Erie County, Ohio Courthouse and fountain.jpg
Seal of Erie County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Erie County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 16, 1838[1]
Named for Erie tribe
Seat Sandusky
Largest city Sandusky
Area
 • Total 626 sq mi (1,621 km2)
 • Land 252 sq mi (653 km2)
 • Water 374 sq mi (969 km2), 60%
Population
 • (2010) 77,079
 • Density 306/sq mi (118/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.eriecounty.oh.gov

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,079.[2] Its county seat is Sandusky.[3] The county is named for the Erie tribe, whose name was their word for "wildcat".[4] It was formed in 1838 from the northern third of Huron County and a portion of Sandusky County.

Erie County comprises the Sandusky, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.[5]

It is home to the amusement park Cedar Point.

History[edit]

Erie County was initially created about 1838, and formed from a portion of Huron County (although a few subsequent changes to Erie County's boundaries occurred shortly after its initial formation).[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 626 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 252 square miles (650 km2) is land and 374 square miles (970 km2) (60%) is water.[7] It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by land area after Lake County . The county borders Canada to the north across Lake Erie.

It is drained by Huron and Vermilion rivers. Near Huron River are several ancient mounds and enclosures, and at Sandusky are extensive quarries of valuable limestone. The surface is generally level, the soil alluvial and exceedingly fertile.[8]

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 12,599
1850 18,568 47.4%
1860 24,474 31.8%
1870 28,188 15.2%
1880 32,640 15.8%
1890 35,462 8.6%
1900 37,650 6.2%
1910 38,327 1.8%
1920 39,789 3.8%
1930 42,133 5.9%
1940 43,201 2.5%
1950 52,565 21.7%
1960 68,000 29.4%
1970 75,909 11.6%
1980 79,655 4.9%
1990 76,779 −3.6%
2000 79,551 3.6%
2010 77,079 −3.1%
Est. 2015 75,550 [9] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 79,551 people, 31,727 households, and 21,764 families residing in the county. The population density was 312 people per square mile (121/km²). There were 35,909 housing units at an average density of 141 per square mile (54/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.64% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 9.2% Irish, 8.2% English, 8.1% Italian and 7.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 31,727 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,746, and the median income for a family was $51,756. Males had a median income of $39,249 versus $23,697 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,530. About 6.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

In 2008, the Census Bureau announced that the county's population had declined to an estimated 77,323 by July 1, 2007.[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 77,079 people, 31,860 households, and 21,011 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 306.4 inhabitants per square mile (118.3/km2). There were 37,845 housing units at an average density of 150.4 per square mile (58.1/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 87.0% white, 8.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 38.8% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.5% were Italian, and 4.6% were American.[18]

Of the 31,860 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 43.4 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,593 and the median income for a family was $61,247. Males had a median income of $46,211 versus $32,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,290. About 8.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[20]
Year Republican Democrat
2016 52.05% 19,301 42.32% 15,692
2012 42.92% 16,952 55.17% 21,793
2008 42.13% 17,432 55.95% 23,148
2004 46.39% 18,597 53.44% 21,421
2000 45.99% 17,732 50.64% 16,105

Until 2016, Erie County had been reliably Democratic. In 2016, however, Donald J. Trump won the county by a reasonably comfortable 9.73 points.

Government and politics[edit]

County officials[edit]

Office Name Party
Commissioner Bill Monaghan Democrat
Commissioner Thomas M. Ferrell, Jr. Democrat
Commissioner Patrick J. Shenigo Democrat
Prosecutor Kevin J. Baxter Democrat
Sheriff Paul A. Sigsworth Democrat
Clerk of Courts Luvada S. Wilson Democrat
Recorder Barbara A. Sessler Democrat
Treasurer Pamela S. Ferrell Democrat
Engineer John "Jack" D. Farschman Democrat
Coroner Dr. Brian Baxter Republican
Auditor Richard H. Jeffrey Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Roger E. Binette Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Beverly K. McGookey
Juvenile Court Judge Robert C. DeLamatre Republican

[21][22][23]

Education[edit]

All or part of eleven school districts serve Erie County and its residents:

Communities[edit]

Map of Erie County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Erie County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Erie County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office Of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ Standard History of Erie County, Ohio; Peeke, 1916
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Erie. III. A N. county of Ohio". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. 
  9. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01)" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. [permanent dead link]
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  20. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  21. ^ Erie County Departments & Agencies
  22. ^ Erie County Democratic Party elected officials
  23. ^ Erie County Republican Party elected officials

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°31′N 82°37′W / 41.51°N 82.61°W / 41.51; -82.61