List of creation myths

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A creation myth (or creation story) is a cultural, traditional or religious myth which describes the earliest beginnings of the present world. Creation myths are the most common form of myth, usually developing first in oral traditions, and are found throughout human culture. A creation myth is usually regarded by those who subscribe to it as conveying profound truths, although not necessarily in a historical or literal sense. They are commonly, although not always, considered cosmogonical myths—that is they describe the ordering of the cosmos from a state of chaos or amorphousness.

Basic type[edit]

Creation from chaos[edit]

Earth diver[edit]


Ex nihilo (out of nothing)[edit]

World Parent[edit]

Divine twins[edit]





Mid North America[edit]

South America[edit]


Central Asia[edit]

East Asia[edit]

Indian subcontinent[edit]


Middle East[edit]

Pacific Islands/Oceanic[edit]

In mythopoeia[edit]

In mythopoeia an artificial mythology is created by the writer of prose or other fiction. The authors in this genre integrate traditional mythological themes and archetypes into fiction. Some also feature creation myths:


  • Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (1994). Encyclopedia of Creation Myths (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-87436-739-3.
  • Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (2009). A Dictionary of Creation Myths (Oxford Reference Online ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510275-8.