List of first black Major League Baseball players by team

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Below is a list of the first black players in Major League Baseball by team in chronological order, since the abolition of the Baseball color line. During the 1880s, Moses Fleetwood Walker, a black man, had played for the Toledo Blue Stockings of the American Association (his brother Welday Walker also played a few games with the club), and it was essentially against Fleetwood Walker that the line was originally drawn. African-Americans had been excluded from major league baseball since 1884, and from all of professional baseball since 1889.


Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame


  • Only includes players post-1946; for players from pre-color line baseball see Baseball color line#Origins.
  • Teams are listed by franchise; i.e., teams that relocated to a new city after already breaking the color line are not listed a second time.
  • Expansion teams that joined the National and American Leagues after 1961 have been integrated from their first game and are not listed.
Player Team League Date[1]
Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers NL April 15, 1947
Doby, LarryLarry Doby Cleveland Indians AL July 5, 1947
Thompson, HankHank Thompson St. Louis Browns AL July 17, 1947
Irvin, MonteMonte Irvin New York Giants NL July 8, 1949
Thompson, HankHank Thompson New York Giants NL July 8, 1949
Jethroe, SamSam Jethroe Boston Braves NL April 18, 1950
Miñoso, MinnieMinnie Miñoso Chicago White Sox AL May 1, 1951
Trice, BobBob Trice Philadelphia Athletics AL September 13, 1953
Banks, ErnieErnie Banks Chicago Cubs NL September 17, 1953
Roberts, CurtCurt Roberts* Pittsburgh Pirates NL April 13, 1954
Alston, TomTom Alston St. Louis Cardinals NL April 13, 1954
Escalera, NinoNino Escalera Cincinnati Reds NL April 17, 1954
Harmon, ChuckChuck Harmon[2] Cincinnati Reds NL April 17, 1954
Paula, CarlosCarlos Paula Washington Senators AL September 6, 1954
Howard, ElstonElston Howard New York Yankees AL April 14, 1955
Kennedy, JohnJohn Kennedy Philadelphia Phillies NL April 22, 1957
Virgil, Sr., OzzieOzzie Virgil, Sr.[3] Detroit Tigers AL June 6, 1958
Green, PumpsiePumpsie Green Boston Red Sox AL July 21, 1959

* Major League Baseball recognizes Curt Roberts as the Pirates' first black player, however Carlos Bernier of Puerto Rico, also a black man, debuted on April 22, 1953.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ O'Connell, Jack (2007-04-13). "Robinson's many peers follow his lead". Retrieved 2007-10-11. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Tygiel, Jules (1983), Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 329, ISBN 0195033000 
  4. ^