List of Scottish Football League clubs

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Third Lanark enjoyed great success in the early days of Scottish football but disbanded in the 1960s.

The Scottish Football League was established in 1890, initially as an amateur league as professionalism had not been legalised in Scottish football.[1] In 1893 a Second Division was formed, with the existing single division renamed the First Division. The Second Division was discontinued during the First World War but revived in 1921.[2] A Third Division was added in 1923 but collapsed three years later as a number of its member clubs found themselves unable to complete their fixtures for financial reasons, with many folding altogether. After the Second World War the divisions were rebranded as Division A and Division B and a Division C was added. This included a mixture of new member clubs and the reserve teams of clubs from the higher divisions, but this division was dropped in 1955.[3]

A major re-organisation of the league in 1975 led to the existing two divisions being split into three smaller divisions, with a new Premier Division at the highest level. This structure remained in place until 1998, when the teams then in the Premier Division broke away to form the Scottish Premier League, which supplanted the Premier Division as the highest level of football in Scotland.[4] In 2013 the two leagues merged to form the new Scottish Professional Football League, ending the 123-year existence of the original Scottish League.

Unlike in England, where since 1987 clubs finishing at the foot of the Football League have been relegated out of the competition,[5] there was no mechanism in place in Scotland for clubs at the bottom of the Scottish League to be relegated.[6] A number of clubs who resigned or were expelled from the Scottish League have gone on to play in non-league football, either in "senior" leagues such as the East of Scotland Football League or in leagues governed by the Scottish Junior Football Association (SJFA).[7][8]

Clubs[edit]

The tables show the first and last seasons in which each club competed in the league. Some clubs' membership was intermittent between their first and last seasons. Clubs shown in bold were among the founder members of the league.

Current members of the Scottish Professional Football League[edit]

Club First SFL
season
Last SFL
season
Notes
Aberdeen 1904–05 1997–98 [9]
Airdrieonians[note 1] 2002–03 2012–13 [10]
Albion Rovers 1903–04 2012–13 [11]
Alloa Athletic 1921–22 2012–13 [12]
Annan Athletic 2008–09 2012–13 [13]
Arbroath 1921–22 2012–13 [14]
Ayr United 1910–11 2012–13 [15]
Berwick Rangers 1951–52 2012–13 [16]
Brechin City 1923–24 2012–13 [17]
Celtic 1890–91 1997–98 [18]
Clyde 1891–92 2012–13 [19]
Cowdenbeath 1905–06 2012–13 [20]
Dumbarton 1890–91 2012–13 [21]
Dundee 1893–94 2011–12 [22]
Dundee United 1910–11 1997–98 [23]
Dunfermline Athletic 1912–13 2012–13 [24]
East Fife 1921–22 2012–13 [25]
East Stirlingshire 1900–01 2012–13 [26]
Elgin City 2000–01 2012–13 [27]
Falkirk 1902–03 2012–13 [28]
Forfar Athletic 1921–22 2012–13 [29]
Hamilton Academical 1897–98 2012–13 [30]
Heart of Midlothian 1890–91 1997–98 [31]
Hibernian 1893–94 1998–99 [32]
Inverness Caledonian Thistle 1994–95 2009–10 [33]
Kilmarnock 1895–96 1997–98 [34]
Livingston 1995–96 2012–13 [35]
Montrose 1923–24 2012–13 [36]
Morton 1893–94 2012–13 [37]
Motherwell 1893–94 1997–98 [38]
Partick Thistle 1893–94 2012–13 [39]
Peterhead 2000–01 2012–13 [40]
Queen of the South 1923–24 2012–13 [41]
Queen's Park 1900–01 2012–13 [42]
Raith Rovers 1902–03 2012–13 [43]
Rangers 1890–91 2012–13 [44]
Ross County 1994–95 2011–12 [45]
St. Johnstone 1897–98 2008–09 [46]
St. Mirren 1890–91 2005–06 [47]
Stenhousemuir 1921–22 2012–13 [48]
Stirling Albion 1946–47 2012–13 [49]
Stranraer 1949–50 2012–13 [50]

Other former member clubs[edit]

Club First SFL
season
Last SFL
season
Current status Notes
Abercorn 1890–91 1914–15 Defunct effectively from 1920 due to being unable to secure a new ground, officially in 1922 (an annual club dinner however was held until 1939). [51]
Airdrieonians 1894–95 2001–02 Officially defunct, but former owners took over the Clydebank club and renamed it as Airdrie United, before re-adopting the name Airdrieonians in 2013. [52][53]
Armadale 1921–22 1931–32 Defunct, reconstituted as Armadale Thistle playing in Junior leagues [54]
Arthurlie 1901–02 1928–29 Competing in the SJFA West Premier League [7][55]
Ayr 1897–98 1909–10 Merged with Ayr Parkhouse to form Ayr United [56][57]
Ayr Parkhouse 1902–03 1909–10 Merged with Ayr to form Ayr United [57][58]
Bathgate 1921–22 1928–29[note 2] Defunct [59]
Beith 1923–24 1925–26 Reformed as Beith Juniors and currently competing in the SJFA West Premier League [7][60][61]
Bo'ness 1921–22 1931–32 Merged with Bo'ness Cadora to form Bo'ness United and currently competing in the Scottish Junior Football East Region Super League [62][63]
Broxburn United 1921–22 1925–26 Defunct [64]
Cambuslang 1890–91 1891–92 Defunct [65]
Clackmannan 1921–22 1925–26 Defunct [66]
Clydebank (original club) 1914–15 1930–31 Defunct [67]
Clydebank (second club) 1965–66 2001–02 Taken over by the former owners of the defunct Airdrieonians, who renamed the club as Airdrie United whilst selling the rights to the name Clydebank FC to that side's supporters club [53][68]
Cowlairs 1890–91 1894–95 Defunct [69]
Dumbarton Harp 1923–24 1924–25 Defunct - although amateur side continues [70]
Dundee Wanderers 1894–95 1894–95 Defunct [71]
Dykehead 1923–24 1925–26 Defunct [72]
Edinburgh City 1931–32 1948–49 Currently playing in the East of Scotland League Premier Division [73][74]
Galston 1923–24 1925–26 Defunct [75]
Gretna 2002–03 2006–07[note 3] Defunct, though a 'new' club set up by its supporters, Gretna 2008, play in the East of Scotland League at the same ground [76][77]
Helensburgh 1923–24 1925–26 Defunct [78]
Johnstone 1912–13 1925–26 Defunct [79]
King's Park 1921–22 1938–39 Technically defunct - but see Stirling Albion [80]
Leith Athletic 1891–92 1952–53 Defunct - revived version of the club currently competing in the East of Scotland League [81]
Linthouse 1895–96 1899–1900 Defunct [82]
Lochgelly United 1914–15 1925–26 Defunct [83]
Meadowbank Thistle 1974–75 1994–95 Relocated and became Livingston. The current club considers its founding date to be 1995. [84][85]
Mid-Annandale 1923–24 1925–26 Defunct, revived version of the club currently competing in the South of Scotland League [8][86]
Nithsdale Wanderers 1923–24 1926–27 Defunct, revived version of the club currently competing in the South of Scotland League [8][87]
Northern 1893–94 1893–94 Defunct [88]
Peebles Rovers 1923–24 1925–26 Recently renamed Peebles and currently competing in the East of Scotland League Division One [89][90]
Port Glasgow Athletic 1893–94 1910–11 Officially defunct, however the current Port Glasgow Juniors celebrated their "centenary" in 1993. [91]
Renton 1890–91 1897–98 Defunct in 1922. Resurrected several times, most recently in 2008 [92]
Royal Albert 1923–24 1925–26 Currently competing in the SJFA West Central Division Two [7][93]
Solway Star 1923–24 1925–26 Defunct [94]
St Bernard's 1893–94 1938–39 Joined local Edinburgh & District Amateur League [95]
Third Lanark 1890–91 1966–67 Defunct 1967, however amateur side has continued haphazardly in Glasgow amateur leagues [96]
Thistle 1893–94 1893–94 Defunct [97]
Vale of Leven 1890–91 1925–26 Currently competing in the SJFA West Central Division Two [7][98]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The current Airdrieonians club was known as Airdrie United from 2002 until 2013.
  2. ^ Bathgate resigned during the 1928–29 season and the club's record was expunged from the table.
  3. ^ Gretna officially returned to the Scottish League upon being relegated from the Scottish Premier League at the conclusion of the 2007–08 season, but resigned from the league before the start of the subsequent season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davies, Hunter (2003). Boots, Balls and Haircuts: An Illustrated History of Football from Then to Now. Cassell Illustrated. p. 39. ISBN 1-84403-261-2. 
  2. ^ "Scotland – List of 2nd Level Champions". RSSSF. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "Scotland – List of 3rd Level Champions". RSSSF. 18 April 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2008. 
  4. ^ "History". Scottish Premier League. Retrieved 5 March 2008. 
  5. ^ Barnes, Stuart (2007). News of the World Football Annual 2007–2008. Invincible Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-00-725555-9. 
  6. ^ "Ups and downs". BBC. 18 May 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Stagecoach West of Scotland League". Scottish Junior Football Association. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  8. ^ a b c "Sanny saying goodbye". The Galloway Gazette. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  9. ^ "Aberdeen". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  10. ^ "Airdrie United". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Albion Rovers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Alloa Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Annan Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Arbroath". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Ayr United". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Berwick Rangers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  17. ^ "Brechin City". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "Celtic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  19. ^ "Clyde". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  20. ^ "Cowdenbeath". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "Dumbarton". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Dundee". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  23. ^ "League tables: Dundee United". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  24. ^ "Dunfermline Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  25. ^ "East Fife". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  26. ^ "East Stirlingshire". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  27. ^ "Elgin City". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Falkirk". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  29. ^ "Forfar Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  30. ^ "Hamilton Academical". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  31. ^ "League tables: Hearts". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  32. ^ "League tables: Hibernian". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  33. ^ "League tables: Inverness Caledonian Thistle". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  34. ^ "League tables: Kilmarnock". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  35. ^ "Livingston". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  36. ^ "Montrose". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  37. ^ "Morton". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  38. ^ "League tables: Motherwell". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  39. ^ "Partick Thistle". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  40. ^ "Peterhead". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  41. ^ "Queen of the South". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  42. ^ "Queen's Park [Glasgow]". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  43. ^ "Raith Rovers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  44. ^ "Rangers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  45. ^ "Ross County". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  46. ^ "League tables: Hamilton Academical". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  47. ^ "League tables: St. Mirren". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  48. ^ "Stenhousemuir". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  49. ^ "Stirling Albion". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  50. ^ "Stranraer". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  51. ^ "Abercorn". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  52. ^ "Airdrieonians". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  53. ^ a b "Airdrie United given green light". BBC. 1 July 2002. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  54. ^ "Armadale". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  55. ^ "Arthurlie". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  56. ^ "Ayr". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  57. ^ a b "History of Ayr United F.C.". Ayr United F.C. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  58. ^ "Ayr Parkhouse". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  59. ^ "Bathgate". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  60. ^ "Beith FC – Information". Beith Juniors F.C. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  61. ^ "Beith". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  62. ^ "Bo'ness". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  63. ^ "Bo'ness". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  64. ^ "Broxburn United". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  65. ^ "Cambuslang". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  66. ^ "Clackmannan". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  67. ^ "Clydebank{1}". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  68. ^ "Clydebank". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  69. ^ "Cowlairs". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  70. ^ "Dumbarton Harp". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  71. ^ "Dundee Wanderers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  72. ^ "Dykehead". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  73. ^ "Edinburgh City". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  74. ^ "A Brief History". Edinburgh City F.C. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  75. ^ "Galston". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  76. ^ "Gretna". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  77. ^ "Gretna given place in the East of Scotland League". The Scotsman. 11 July 2008. 'We are obviously a new club carrying on the traditions of the old club and there is no connection with the old club other than the similarity in name,' said Hodge. 
  78. ^ "Helensburgh". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  79. ^ "Johnstone". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  80. ^ "King's Park". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  81. ^ "Leith Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  82. ^ "Linthouse". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  83. ^ "Lochgelly United". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  84. ^ "League tables: Meadowbank Thistle". Soccerbase. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  85. ^ "One Livi". Livingston F.C. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2008. 
  86. ^ "Mid-Annandale". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  87. ^ "Nithsdale Wanderers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  88. ^ "Northern". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  89. ^ "Peebles Rovers". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  90. ^ "Peebles Rovers". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  91. ^ "Port Glasgow Athletic". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  92. ^ "Renton". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  93. ^ "Royal Albert". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  94. ^ "Solway Star". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  95. ^ "St Bernard's". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  96. ^ "Third Lanark". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  97. ^ "Thistle". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  98. ^ "Vale of Leven". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 17 November 2008.