List of highest points in London

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List of highest points in London is located in Greater London
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Twenty of the twenty-one summits are clustered on six ridges. The exception, a large knoll ranking 13th, is Harrow on the Hill. The lowest two of the six ridges, with one peak over one hundred metres each, are Shooters Hill on the relatively small Blackheath ridge, and Orange Tree Hill in the heart of the old village of Havering-atte-Bower, between Brentwood and Chigwell, one of several in the North Weald Ridges and Valleys landscape. On opposite sides of London are the North Downs and the Grim's Ditch (Harrow) ridge, which together have twelve sub-summits.

This is a list of the highest natural points in Greater London, England. These are the 21 peaks at least 100 metres high. One is an isolated hill, a knoll, Harrow on the Hill, the rest are among the summits of modest hill ridges (escarpments).

London's highest building, the Shard London Bridge, stands at 309 metres (1,014 ft) tall a few metres above sea level. It exceeds the height of any natural rises in London and adjoining counties, the highest being Walbury Hill.

List[edit]

Rank Name London borough OS grid reference Height[1]
1 Westerham Heights Bromley TQ436564 (51°17′17″N 0°03′36″E / 51.288°N 0.060°E / 51.288; 0.060) 245 metres (804 ft)[1]
2 Sanderstead Plantation Croydon TQ343618 (51°20′20″N 0°04′19″W / 51.339°N 0.072°W / 51.339; -0.072) 175 metres (574 ft)[1]
3 Stanmore Hill Harrow TQ164934 (51°37′37″N 0°19′05″W / 51.627°N 0.318°W / 51.627; -0.318) 152 metres (499 ft)[1]
4 Big Wood peak north of Manor Hill/Corrigan Avenue Rec. Ground Sutton TQ282598 (51°19′19″N 0°09′36″W / 51.322°N 0.160°W / 51.322; -0.160) 150 metres (492 ft)[1]
5 Arkley Barnet TQ219956 (51°38′42″N 0°14′17″W / 51.645°N 0.238°W / 51.645; -0.238) 147 metres (482 ft)[1]
6 Highwood Hill/Moat Mount, Totteridge Fields Barnet TQ218941 (51°37′55″N 0°14′24″W / 51.632°N 0.240°W / 51.632; -0.240) 145 metres (476 ft)[1]
7 Harrow Weald Common Harrow TQ149931 (51°37′26″N 0°20′24″W / 51.624°N 0.340°W / 51.624; -0.340) 145 metres (475 ft)[2]
8 Hampstead Heath: West of Spaniards Road ‡ Camden TQ264869 (51°34′01″N 0°10′37″W / 51.567°N 0.177°W / 51.567; -0.177) 137 metres (449 ft)[1]
9 Shooter's Hill Greenwich TQ438765 (51°28′08″N 0°04′16″E / 51.469°N 0.071°E / 51.469; 0.071) 132 metres (433 ft)[1]
10 Hillcrest, North Hill, Highgate Haringey TQ282878 (51°34′26″N 0°09′00″W / 51.574°N 0.150°W / 51.574; -0.150) 129 metres (423 ft)[1]
11 Pinner Hill Harrow/Hillingdon TQ107916 (51°36′43″N 0°24′04″W / 51.612°N 0.401°W / 51.612; -0.401) 126 metres (413 ft)[citation needed]
12 London part of Woodcock Hill north of Scratchwood Barnet TQ201953 (51°38′35″N 0°15′50″W / 51.643°N 0.264°W / 51.643; -0.264) 125 metres (410 ft)[citation needed]
13 Harrow on the Hill (occ. Harrow Hill) Harrow TQ153874 (51°34′23″N 0°20′10″W / 51.573°N 0.336°W / 51.573; -0.336) 124 metres (408 ft)[2]
14 Bournwell Hill Barnet/Enfield TQ256976 (51°39′47″N 0°11′02″W / 51.663°N 0.184°W / 51.663; -0.184) 115 metres (377 ft)[1]
15 Sydenham Hill (Crystal Palace) Lewisham/Southwark TQ340721 (51°25′55″N 0°04′19″W / 51.432°N 0.072°W / 51.432; -0.072) 112 metres (367 ft)[1]
16 Westow Hill (Crystal Palace) Bromley/Croydon/Lambeth TQ337707 (51°25′08″N 0°04′37″W / 51.419°N 0.077°W / 51.419; -0.077) 110 metres (361 ft)[1]
17 Forest Hill Lewisham TQ350735 (51°26′46″N 0°03′47″W / 51.446°N 0.063°W / 51.446; -0.063) 106 metres (348 ft)[3]
18 Orange Tree Hill, Havering-atte-Bower Havering TQ512930 (51°36′54″N 0°11′02″E / 51.615°N 0.184°E / 51.615; 0.184) 105 metres (344 ft)[1]
19 Muswell Hill Haringey TQ283896 (51°35′24″N 0°08′53″W / 51.590°N 0.148°W / 51.590; -0.148) 105 metres (344 ft)[4][5]
20 Woodcock Hill, Harefield Hillingdon TQ067915 (51°36′43″N 0°27′32″W / 51.612°N 0.459°W / 51.612; -0.459) 103 metres (338 ft)[citation needed]
21 Ferny Hill (Enfield Chase) Enfield TQ280979 (51°39′54″N 0°08′56″W / 51.665°N 0.149°W / 51.665; -0.149) 102 metres (334 ft)[citation needed]

‡ was the highest point of the County of London and highest point in Inner London.

Settlements[edit]

Grouped by London Borough, South Street, a hamlet in Bromley, is the highest at 220 metres (722 ft) above sea level. It is at the edge of the Surrey Hills AONB which covers the Surrey part of the North Downs and Greensand Ridge. The six next highest are all near-neighbours: Horns Green (216 metres (709 ft)), Berry's Green and Biggin Hill (both reaching 190 metres (623 ft)), Aperfield and Single Street (both 180 metres (591 ft)), and Luxted at 177 metres (581 ft).

Outside Bromley the highest settlements are Sanderstead and Selsdon (reaching 170 metres (558 ft) and five metres below that, respectively) in Croydon.

Arkley in Barnet is built up to 147 metres (482 ft). Lower neighbours are Monken Hadley and Chipping Barnet, both 131 metres (430 ft), and Barnet Gate 129 metres (423 ft).

The Vale of Health is a micro-locality in Hampstead Heath in Camden at (130 metres (427 ft). Harrow on the Hill in Harrow (124 metres (407 ft)) and Shooters Hill in Greenwich (120 metres (394 ft)) also have high positions.

Some have peaks or crests (in the table above) in their definitively built-up area (e.g. Sanderstead, Harrow on the Hill and Shooters Hill).

Blackheath, London is a minor ridge after a short dip reaching a peak at Shooter's Hill in the east; here the towers of central Lewisham and Croydon beyond to the south-west (right). The backdrop is the long crest of the North Downs in the far south of Bromley and adjoining Surrey

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n The Mountains of England and Wales – London Borough Tops
  2. ^ a b "The Physique of Middlesex". A History of the country of Middlesex. British History Online. 1969. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Mountain Search". 
  4. ^ 1:10,560 Sheet TQ28NE, Ordnance Survey, 1968: Spot height 340 ft, top of Fortis Green
  5. ^ Explorer Sheet 173 London North, Ordnance Survey: 105 metres (344 ft) contour around grid reference TQ286896 ([//tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=List_of_highest_points_in_London&params=51.59_N_0.143_W_source:enwiki-osgb36(TQ286896) 51°35′24″N 0°08′35″W / 51.590°N 0.143°W / 51.590; -0.143)] but no spot height