List of monastic houses in Herefordshire
The following is a list of monastic houses in Herefordshire, England.
In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.
The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.
A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.
Abbreviations and key
Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
Alphabetical listing of establishments
|Foundation||Image||Communities & Provenance||Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
|Online References & Location|
|Aconbury Priory||Sisters of St John of Jerusalem with brethren
founded 13th century (c.1200) by Margery (Margaret), wife of Walter de Lacy on a site granted by King John;
with a hospital, and attached to the preceptory of Dinmore;
refounded 1237 with Papal permission;
dissolved 1539 (?); granted to Hugh de Harry 1541/2;
priory church (restored by Sir George Gilbert Scott 1863) in pariochial use as the Parish Church of Saint John until 1967
|The Priory Church of the Holy Cross, Aconbury
St John the Baptist
|Acton Beauchamp Monastery||grant of land 718 (727?) as "perpetual dwelling of servants of God", otherwise unknown|
|Archenfield Monastery||founded before 914-917, when Cyfeiliog, 'Bishop of Archenfield' was captured by Norsemen|
|Aymestrey Priory||Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
transferred from Shobdon;
dissolution unknown: transferred to Wigmore
|Barton Priory?||Benedictine monks
founded before 1199 (recorded by Gervase of Canterbury — possibly Brockbury (Colwall))
|Belmont Abbey *||Benedictine monks
founded 1859; extant
Roman Catholic priory-cathedral
status raised to abbey-cathedral 1917;
see transferred to St David's Cathedral, Cardiff
|The Abbey Church of Saint Michael and All Angels, Belmont||
|Beodune Priory||Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
transferred from Wigmore c.1155;
dissolution unknown; transferred to Shobdon after 1155?
|Bosbury Preceptory||Knights Templar
founded c.1217-19 by William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke;
dissolved 1410; merged with Dinmore and Garway 1410;
house named 'Temple Court' possibly built on site 18th century
|Cheleburne Priory?||Augustinian Canons Regular
(possibly Chirbury Priory, Shropshire)
possibly Pynkney Priory
possibly Chirbury Priory
|Clifford Priory ^||Cluniac monks
alien house: dependent on Lewes, Sussex
founded 1129-30 by Simon fitz Richard;
becamedenizen: independent from sometime between 1351 and 1374;
dissolved 1536; granted to William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1553;
site occupied by Priory Farm, which probably incorporates monastic remains
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||
|Colwall Priory||Benedictine monks
cell dependent on Great Malvern, Worcestershire;
founded before 1199;
|Craswall Priory||Grandmontine monks
alien house: dependent on Grandmont;
founded c.1225 by Walter de Lacy;
dissolved 1462; granted to God's House College, Cambridge 1462
|St Mary's Priory||
|Dinmore Monastery (?)||order and foundation unknown; small monastic community apparently existed prior to the arrival of the Knights (see immediately below)|
|Dinmore Preceptory||Knights Hospitaller
founded before 1189;
chapel 14th century;
dissolved before 1535: privately leased; granted to Sir Thomas Palmer in 1548;
chapel restored 1886 by H F St John
|Chapel of St John of Jerusalem;
|Dore Abbey +,
|Cistercian monks — from Morimond
founded 26 April 1147 by Robert Ewyas;
dissolved 1537; granted to John Scudamore 1539/40;
church restored 1633 and now in parochial use
|Dulas Monastery||Benedictine monks
purportedly founded here;
transferred to Ewyas Harold
|Ewyas Harold Priory||Benedictine monks
cell dependent on Gloucester;
founded after 1100 by Harold son of Ralph of the Vexin: church of St Michael granted by Harold, Lord of Ewyas, purportedly first established at Dulas;
monks withdrawn due to lack of revenue
|St James and St Bartholomew||
|Flanesford Priory ^||Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1346/47 by Richard, Lord Talbot;
dissolved 1537; granted to George, Earl of Shrewsbury 1538/39;
converted into a farm;
remains now incorporated into a private house
|The Priory Church of Saint Mary the Virgin and Saint John the Baptist, Flanesford||
|Garway Preceptory||Knights Templar
founded 1185-88: grant made by Henry II;
refounded after 1312;
merged with Dinmore before 1489;
dissolved before 1535 with Dinmore
|Garway Clas||Celtic monks — clas to 11th century?|
|Hentland Monastery||Celtic monks
purportedly founded 6th century by St Dubricius
|Hereford Cathedral Priory||secular episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded 669 (680); extant;
Benedictine monks — abbey?
built early 11th century;
destroyed 1055; dissolved before 1066;
rebuilt 12th century by Bishop Renhelm
|The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Ethelbert in Hereford||
|Saint Guthlac's Priory, Hereford||probable Saxon minster
secular collegiate: St Guthlac's Collegiate Church
founded before 1066;
Benedictine monks — monastic church or chapel
united with Hereford priory;
badly damaged in the Baron's War c.1143; and amalgamated with Hereford Priory 1143;
transferred to new site outside the town (see immediately below)
|St Guthlac's in the Castle||
|Hereford Priory||secular collegiate: St Peter's Collegiate Church
founded before 1084;
transferred from earlier site (see immediately above);
dependent on Gloucester;
granted to Gloucester Abbey by Hugh de Lacy 1100;
dissolved 1538; granted to John ap Rice 1542/43
St Peter, St Paul and St Guthlac
|Hereford Blackfriars — earlier site||Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of Oxford)
founded 1246 by Sir John Daniel;
transferred to new site 1322 (see immediately below)
|Hereford Blackfriars||Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of Oxford)
founded 1246 at earlier site (see immediately above); transferred to new site 1322;
dissolved; granted to Elizabeth Wynne 1562/63
|Hereford Greyfriars||Franciscan Friars Minor (under the Custody of Bristol)
founded before 1228;
|Hereford Preceptory||Knights Hospitaller|
|Holme Lacy||projected house of Premonstratensian Canons c.1235; daughter of Lavendon; establishment never implemented||St Mary and St Thomas Martyr|
|Kilpeck Priory #||Benedictine monks
founded c.1134 by Hugh, son of William the Norman who granted the church to Gloucester;
dissolved 1428 when the cell was united to Gloucester; granted to the Bishop of Gloucester
|Kinsham Grange||Benedictine monks
alien house;[note 1]
|Leominster Priory +||Saxon nuns (possibly also monks)
purportedly built c.660 by Merwald, King of West Mercia;
destroyed in raids by the Danes 9th century;
secular canons collegiate
refounded 9th century;
nuns 9th century;
founded after 1123: ruined monastery granted to Reading by Henry I, confirmed by Richard, Bishop of Hereford;
rebuilt 12th century, fully conventual by 1139;
dissolved 1539and granted to the bailiffs and burgesses of Leominster
|St Peter (660);
The Priory Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Leominster (12th century)
|Leominster Priory||Cluniac monks|
|Limebrook Priory||Augustinian Canonesses (or Benedictine nuns?[note 2])
founded c.1189 (during or before the reign of Richard I) by Robert de Lingen or a member of the Mortimer family;
Augustinian Canonesses 1516 (in the time of Bishop Booth);
dissolved 28 December 1539; granted to John West and Robert Gratwick 1553
|Moccas Clas||Celtic monks
reputedly founded 6th century by St Dubricius from Hennland on Wye;
dissolved before 1066?
|Monkland Priory||Benedictine monks
alien house: cell dependent on Conches
founded before 1100;
|Much Dewchurch Clas||monks of St David
founded 6th century;
parochial? before 1066
|Ocle Priory||Benedictine monks
alien house: cell dependent on Lyre;
founded c.1100) by the ancestors of Robert Chandos;
granted to the Carthusians at Sheen, Surrey c.1414;
granted to Sir Philip Hobby 1541/42;
site now occupied by Livers Ocle farmhouse
Livers Ocle Priory
|Shobdon Priory||Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
dependent on Bristol;
founded between 1131 and 1135 (during the reign of Henry I and tenure of Robert de Bethune, Bishop of Hereford) by Oliver de Merlimound, steward for (and on behalf of) Hugh Mortimer;
transferred to [Eye, nr.] Aymestrey c.1150;
transferred from Beodune (?Byton) after 1155;
transferred to north of Wigmore
|Sutton Camera||Knights Hospitaller
|Titley Priory #||Tironensian monks
apparent alien house: cell dependent on Tiron;
granted to Winchester College c.1535;
church rebuilt 1865;
house named "Priory Cottage" built on site 16th century
|Welsh Bicknor Clas||dissolved before 1100|
|Wigmore Priory||Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
(community founded at Shobdon 1131-35);
transferred from [Eye, nr.] Aymestry; transferred to Beodune (? Byton)
|Wigmore Abbey ^||Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine — from Shobdon;
(community founded at Shobdon between 1131 and 1135);
transferred here 1172-79 by Hugh Mortimer, Baron Wigmore;
dissolved 1538; granted to Sir Thomas Palmer 1548/49;
remains now incorporated into farm and buildings
|Wormsley Priory||possibly originally a hermitage;
Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
founded after 1200 (13th century) (late in the reign of John or early in the reign of Henry III) by Gilbert Talbot;
dissolved 1539; granted to Edward Lord Clinton 1545/46
|The Priory Church of Saint Mary and Saint Leonard, Wormsley
Priory of St Leonard de Pyon;
Wormeley Abbey[note 3]
||edit this box|
- Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments (Herefordshire)
- Limebrook given by Monasticon Anglicanum as Benedictine alien house, dependent on Avenay; Notitia Monastica, however, asserts that to be possibly mistaking for Limbergh
- "Wormeley Abbey" — Wm. Cobbett
- Historic England. "CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST (527112)". PastScape.
- MONUMENT NO. 1308081, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Belmont Abbey homepage, belmontabbey.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- English Benedictine Congregation - Belmont Abbey website, benedictines.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- BOSBURY TEMPLARS PRECEPTORY profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- CLIFFORD PRIORY profile, pastscape.org; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Monument No. 113864, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- CRASWALL PRIORY, pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk; accessed 4 March 2014.
- The Priory and Manor of Craswall, Craswall, 1904, Ewyas Lacy Study Group, ewyaslacy.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- English site, assoc.pagespro-orange.fr; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Victoria County History: A History of the County of Shropshire: Vol 2, pp. 47-50; accessed 4 May 2014.
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- DORE ABBEY profile, pastscape.org; accessed 4 May 2014.
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- FLANESFORD PRIORY profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
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- Pastscape — Detailed Result: GARWAY TEMPLARS PRECEPTORY, pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- MONUMENT NO. 109840 Images, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Pastscape — Detailed Result: HEREFORD CATHEDRAL profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- ST GUTHLACS CHURCH profile; pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- ST GUTHLACS PRIORY, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- KILPECK PRIORY profile, pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 106413, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 1302660, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Leominster Priory profile, Herefordshire.gov.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- LIMEBROOK PRIORY profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 March 2014.
- Pastscape — Detailed Result: ST PETERS CHURCH profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 106544, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Wigmore Abbey profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Remains of Wigmore Abbey, British Listed Buildings, britishlistedbuildings.co.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- WORMSLEY PRIORY profile, pastscape.org.uk; accessed 4 May 2014.
- Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Boydell
- Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
- Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
- Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
- Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
- Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
- Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
- English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
- Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954