List of overruled United States Supreme Court decisions

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This is a list of decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States that have been explicitly overruled, in part or in whole, by a subsequent decision of the Court. It does not include decisions that have been abrogated by subsequent constitutional amendment or by subsequent amending statutes.

Constitutional[edit]

Article One[edit]

Commerce Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918) United States v. Darby Lumber Co., 312 U.S. 100 (1941)
Puget Sound Stevedoring Co. v. State Tax Commission, 302 U.S. 90 (1937) Department of Revenue v. Washington Stevedoring Cos., 435 U.S. 734 (1978)
Joseph v. Carter & Weekes Stevedoring Co., 330 U.S. 422 (1947) Department of Revenue v. Washington Stevedoring Cos., 435 U.S. 734 (1978)
Spector Motor Service v. O’Connor, 340 U.S. 602 (1951) Complete Auto Transit v. Brady, 430 U.S. 274 (1977)
Joseph E. Seagram & Sons v. Hostetter, 384 U.S. 35 (1966) Healy v. Beer Institute, 491 U.S. 324 (1989)
National League of Cities v. Usery, 426 U.S. 833 (1976) Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, 469 U.S. 528 (1985)
Ex post facto
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Kring v. Missouri, 107 U.S. 221 (1883) Collins v. Youngblood, 497 U.S. 37 (1990)
Thompson v. Utah, 170 U.S. 343 (1898) Collins v. Youngblood, 497 U.S. 37 (1990)
Federal tax
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429 (1895) (in part) South Carolina v. Baker, 485 U.S. 505 (1988)
State import/export tax
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Low v. Austin, 80 U.S. (13 Wall.) 29 (1872) Michelin Tire Corp. v. Wages, 423 U.S. 276 (1976)
Hooven & Allison Co. v. Evatt, 324 U.S. 652 (1945) Limbach v. Hooven & Allison Co., 466 U.S. 353 (1984)
Article One courts
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ex parte Bakelite Corp., 279 U.S. 438 (1929) Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530 (1962)
Williams v. United States, 289 U.S. 553 (1933) Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530 (1962)
O'Callahan v. Parker, 395 U.S. 258 (1969) Solorio v. United States, 483 U.S. 435 (1987)

Article Three[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1 (1842) Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938)
Durham v. United States, 401 U.S. 481 (1971) Dove v. United States, 423 U.S. 325 (1976) (per curiam)
Compensation Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Evans v. Gore, 253 U.S. 245 (1920) United States v. Hatter, 532 U.S. 557 (2001)
Miles v. Graham, 268 U.S. 501 (1925) O'Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S. 277 (1939)

Article Four[edit]

Extradition Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Kentucky v. Dennison, 65 U.S. (24 How.) 66 (1861) Puerto Rico v. Branstad, 483 U.S. 219 (1987)
Equal footing doctrine
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Bonelli Cattle Co. v. Arizona, 414 U.S. 313 (1973) Oregon ex rel. State Land Board v. Corvallis Sand & Gravel Co., 429 U.S. 363 (1977)

Article Six[edit]

Supremacy Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Reitz v. Mealey, 314 U.S. 33 (1941) Perez v. Campbell, 402 U.S. 637 (1971)
Kesler v. Department of Public Safety, 369 U.S. 153 (1962) Perez v. Campbell, 402 U.S. 637 (1971)

First Amendment[edit]

Establishment Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Meek v. Pittinger, 421 U.S. 349 (1975) Mitchell v. Helms, 530 U.S. 793 (2000)
Wolman v. Walter, 433 U.S. 229 (1977) Mitchell v. Helms, 530 U.S. 793 (2000)
School District of City of Grand Rapids v. Ball, 473 U.S. 373 (1985) Agostini v. Felton, 521 U.S. 203 (1997)
Aguilar v. Felton, 473 U.S. 402 (1985) Agostini v. Felton, 521 U.S. 203 (1997)
Free speech clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357 (1927) Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969)
Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586 (1940) West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (1943)
Valentine v. Chrestensen, 316 U.S. 52 (1942) Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, 425 U.S. 748 (1976)
Roth v. United States, 354 U.S. 476 (1957) Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973)
Amalgamated Food Employees Union Local 590 v. Logan Valley Plaza, 391 U.S. 308 (1968) Hudgens v. National Labor Relations Board, 424 U.S. 507 (1976)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce, 494 U.S. 652 (1990) Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 130 S. Ct. 876 (2010)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission, 540 U.S. 93 (2003) Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 130 S. Ct. 876 (2010)

Fourth Amendment[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928) Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967)
Harris v. United States, 331 U.S. 145 (1947) Chimel v. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1969)
Wolf v. Colorado, 338 U.S. 25 (1949) Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961)
Lustig v. United States, 338 U.S. 74 (1949) Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960)
United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56 (1950) Chimel v. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1969)
Jones v. United States, 362 U.S. 257 (1960) United States v. Salvucci, 448 U.S. 83 (1980)
Aguilar v. Texas, 378 U.S. 108 (1964) Illinois v. Gates, 462 U.S. 213 (1983)
Spinelli v. United States, 393 U.S. 410 (1969) Illinois v. Gates, 462 U.S. 213 (1983)
Arkansas v. Sanders, 442 U.S. 743 (1979) California v. Acevedo, 500 U.S. 565 (1991)
Robbins v. California, 453 U.S. 420 (1981) United States v. Ross, 456 U.S. 798 (1982)

Fifth Amendment[edit]

Grand jury
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ex parte Bain, 121 U.S. 1 (1887) United States v. Miller (1985), 471 U.S. 130 (1985)
Double jeopardy
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Coffey v. United States, 116 U.S. 436 (1886) United States v. One Assortment of 89 Firearms, 465 U.S. 354 (1984)
Brantley v. Georgia, 217 U.S. 284 (1910) (per curiam) Price v. Georgia, 398 U.S. 323 (1970)
Palko v. Connecticut, 302 U.S. 319 (1937) Benton v. Maryland, 395 U.S. 784 (1969)
Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552 (1950) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373 (1955) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Yates v. United States, 354 U.S. 298 (1957) (in part) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Hoag v. New Jersey, 356 U.S. 464 (1958) Ashe v. Swenson, 397 U.S. 436 (1970)
Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416 (1960) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
United States v. Jenkins, 420 U.S. 358 (1975) United States v. Scott, 437 U.S. 82 (1978)
United States v. Halper, 490 U.S. 435 (1989) Hudson v. United States, 522 U.S. 93 (1997)
Grady v. Corbin, 495 U.S. 508 (1990) United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993)
Self-incrimination
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Twining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78 (1908) Malloy v. Hogan, 378 U.S. 1 (1964)
Cohen v. Hurley, 366 U.S. 117 (1961) Spevack v. Klein, 385 U.S. 511 (1967)
Due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 261 U.S. 525 (1923) West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937)
Takings Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Agins v. City of Tiburon, 447 U.S. 255, (1980) Lingle v. Chevron U.S.A. Inc., 544 U.S. 528 (2005)

Sixth Amendment[edit]

Jury right
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Sinclair v. United States, 279 U.S. 263 (1929) United States v. Gaudin, 515 U.S. 506 (1995)
Walton v. Arizona, 497 U.S. 639 (1990) Ring v. Arizona, 536 U.S. 584 (2002)
Confrontation Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Delli Paoli v. United States, 352 U.S. 232 (1957) Bruton v. United States, 391 U.S. 123 (1968)
Ohio v. Roberts, 448 U.S. 56 (1980) Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004)
Right to counsel
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Betts v. Brady, 316 U.S. 455 (1942) Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963)
Baldasar v. Illinois, 446 U.S. 222 (1980) Nichols v. United States, 511 U.S. 738 (1994)
Michigan v. Jackson, 475 U.S. 625 (1986) Montejo v. Louisiana, 129 S. Ct. 2079 (2009)

Eighth Amendment[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Booth v. Maryland, 482 U.S. 496 (1987); Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)
South Carolina v. Gathers, 490 U.S. 805 (1989) Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)
Penry v. Lynaugh, 492 U.S. 302 (1989) Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Stanford v. Kentucky, 492 U.S. 361 (1989) Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005)

Eleventh Amendment[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ford Motor Co. v. Department of Treasury, 323 U.S. 459 (1945) Lapides v. Board of Regents of University System of Georgia, 535 U.S. 613 (2002)
Parden v. Terminal Railroad Co. of Alabama Docks Department, 377 U.S. 184 (1964) Welch v. Texas Department of Highways & Transportation, 483 U.S. 468 (1987)
Parden v. Terminal Railroad Co. of Alabama Docks Department, 377 U.S. 184 (1964) College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board, 527 U.S. 666 (1999)
Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618 (1969) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
State Department of Health & Rehabilitation Services. v. Zarate, 407 U.S. 918 (1972) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Sterrett v. Mothers’ & Children’s Rights Organization, 409 U.S. 809 (1973) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Wyman v. Bowens, 397 U.S. 49 (1970) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Pennsylvania v. Union Gas Co., 491 U.S. 1 (1989) Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44 (1997)

Fourteenth Amendment[edit]

Procedural due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U.S. (5 Otto) 714 (1878) Shaffer v. Heitner, 433 U.S. 186 (1977)
Simpson v. Rice, 395 U.S. 711 (1969) Alabama v. Smith, 490 U.S. 794 (1989)
Parratt v. Taylor, 451 U.S. 527 (1981) Daniels v. Williams, 474 U.S. 327 (1986)
Substantive due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Liggett Co. v. Baldridge, 278 U.S. 105 (1928) North Dakota Pharmacy Board v. Snyder’s Drug Stores, 414 U.S. 156 (1973)
City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, 462 U.S. 416 (1983) Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists, 476 U.S. 747 (1986) Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986) Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)
Equal protection
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Pace v. Alabama, 106 U.S. (16 Otto) 583 (1883) McLaughlin v. Florida, 379 U.S. 184 (1964)
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) Brown v. Board of Education, 347 US 483 (1954)
Quaker City Cab Co. v. Pennsylvania, 277 U.S. 389 (1928) Lehnhausen v. Lake Shore Auto Parts Co., 410 U.S. 356 (1973)
Breedlove v. Suttles, 302 U.S. 277 (1937) Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections, 383 U.S. 663 (1966)
Goesaert v. Cleary, 335 U.S. 464 (1948) Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976)
Morey v. Doud, 354 U.S. 457 (1957) City of New Orleans v. Dukes, 427 U.S. 297 (1976) (per curiam)
Hoyt v. Florida, 368 U.S. 57 (1961) Taylor v. Louisiana, 419 U.S. 522 (1975)
Swain v. Alabama, 380 U.S. 202 (1965) Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986)
Baker v. Nelson, 409 U.S. 810 (1972) Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015)
Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. FCC, 497 U.S. 547 (1990) Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Peña, 515 U.S. 200 (1995)
Citizenship
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Perez v. Brownell, 356 U.S. 44 (1958) Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967)

Statutory[edit]

42 U.S.C. § 1983[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Collins v. Hardyman, 341 U.S. 651 (1951) Griffin v. Breckenridge, 403 U.S. 88 (1971)
Monroe v. Pape, 365 U.S. 167 (1961) (in part) Monell v. Department of Social Services of the City of New York, 436 U.S. 658 (1978)

Antitrust[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Dr. Miles Medical Co. v. John D. Park & Sons Co., 220 U.S. 373 (1911) Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc., 551 U.S. 877 (2007)
United States v. Yellow Cab Co., 332 U.S. 218 (1947) Copperweld Corp. v. Independence Tube Corp., 467 U.S. 752 (1984)
Kiefer-Stewart Co. v. Jos. E. Seagram & Sons, 340 U.S. 211 (1951) Copperweld Corp. v. Independence Tube Corp., 467 U.S. 752 (1984)
United States v. Arnold, Schwinn & Co., 388 U.S. 365 (1967) Continental Television, Inc. v. GTE Sylvania, Inc., 433 U.S. 36 (1977)
Albrecht v. Herald Co., 390 U.S. 145 (1968) State Oil Co. v. Khan, 522 U.S. 3 (1997)

Arbitration[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Wilko v. Swan, 346 U.S. 427 (1953) Rodriguez de Quijas v. Shearson/American Express Inc., 490 U.S. 477 (1989)

Federal crime[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
United States v. Bramblett, 348 U.S. 503 (1955) Hubbard v. United States, 514 U.S. 695 (1995)

Habeas[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Wales v. Whitney (1885) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Baker v. Grice, 169 U.S. 284 (1898) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Johnson v. Hoy, 227 U.S. 245 (1913) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Stallings v. Splain, 253 U.S. 339 (1920) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
McNally v. Hill, 293 U.S. 131 (1934) Peyton v. Rowe, 391 U.S. 54 (1968)
Ahrens v. Clark, 335 U.S. 188 (1948) (in part) Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Court of Kentucky, 410 U.S. 484 (1973)
Parker v. Ellis, 362 U.S. 574 (1960) (per curiam) Carafas v. LaVallee, 391 U.S. 234 (1968)
Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391 (1963) Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722 (1991)

Labor[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Moore v. Illinois Central Railroad, 312 U.S. 630 (1941) Andrews v. Louisville & Nashville Railroad, 406 U.S. 320 (1972)
United Auto Workers v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Board, 336 U.S. 245 (1949) International Ass'n of Machinists & Aerospace Workers v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission, 427 U.S. 132 (1976)
Sinclair Refining Co. v. Atkinson, 370 U.S. 195 (1962) Boys Markets, Inc. v. Retail Clerks Union, 398 U.S. 235 (1970)

Common law[edit]

Absolute and qualified immunity[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Saucier v. Katz, 533 U.S. 194 (2001) Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223 (2009)

Admiralty[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Rose v. Himley, 8 U.S. (4 Cranch) 241 (1808) Hudson v. Guestier, 10 U.S. (6 Cranch) 281 (1810)
The Thomas Jefferson, 23 U.S. (10 Wheat.) 428 (1825) The Genessee Chief, 53 U.S. (12 How.) 443 (1851)
The Schooner Catherine v. Dickinson, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 170 (1854) United States v. Reliable Transfer Co., 421 U.S. 397 (1975)
Minturn v. Maynard, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 476 (1855). Exxon Corp. v. Central Gulf Lines Inc. 500 U.S. 603 (1991)
The Harrisburg, 119 U.S. 199 (1886) Moragne v. States Marine Lines, 398 U.S. 375 (1970)

Contract[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Sheehy v. Mandeville, 10 U.S. (6 Cranch) 253 (1810) Mason v. Eldred, 73 U.S. (6 Wall.) 231 (1868)

Res judicata[edit]

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Triplett v. Lowell, 297 U.S. 638 (1936) Blonder-Tongue Labs v. University of Illinois Foundation, 402 U.S. 313 (1971)

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • James F. Spriggs & Thomas G. Hansford, Explaining the Overruling of U.S. Supreme Court Precedent, 63 J. Pol. 1091 (2001).

External links[edit]