List of tiltrotor aircraft

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Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey, the most successful tiltrotor to date.

A Tiltrotor is a type of vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft that convert from vertical to horizontal flight by rotating propellers or ducted fans from horizontal positions like conventional aircraft propellers to vertical like a helicopter's rotors.[1]

Aircraft[edit]

Type Country Class Role Date Status No. Notes
Aerocopter Sarus US Mono rotor Commuter 2009 Project 0 [2]
American Dynamics AD-150 US Scout UAV 2011 Project 0 USMC Tier III VUAS submission. Ducted fans.[3]
AgustaWestland AW609 US/Italy Twin rotor Civil transport March 2003 Prototype Originally Bell-Augusta BA609.[4]
AgustaWestland Project Zero Italy Twin fans Experimental June 2011 Prototype 1 Hybrid propulsion. Ducted fans.[5]
Baldwin MTR-SD US Mono rotor Experimental 2010 Prototype 1 Small radio-control mono tiltrotor testbed.[6]
Bell XV-3 US Twin rotor Experimental August 1955 Prototype 2 Originally designated XH-33.[7]
Bell XV-15 US Twin rotor Experimental May 1977 Prototype 2 Developed into V-22 Osprey.[8]
Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey US Twin rotor Military transport March 1989 Production [9]
Bell V-247 Vigilant US Multirole UAV 2016 Project 0 [10]
Bell V-280 Valor US Heavy transport 2017 Prototype Intended for both commuter and military roles.[11]
Bell Eagle Eye US Twin rotor Scout UAV March 1998 Prototype [12]
Bell Boeing Quad TiltRotor US Quad rotor Heavy transport 2005 Project 0 Several redesigns.[13]
Colugo Systems ARCopter Israel Quad frame Scout UAV 2015 - Tilting quadcopter frame.[14]
CTA Heliconair HC-I Convertiplano Brazil Experimental 1954 Prototype 1 [15]
Curtiss-Wright X-100 US Twin rotor Experimental March 1960 Prototype 1 Testbed for radial force principle. Developed into X-19.[16]
Curtiss-Wright X-19 US Quad rotor Transport testbed November 1963 - 2 [17]
Doak VZ-4 US Twin rotor Experimental February 1958 Prototype 1 U.S. Army VTOL research project. Ducted fans.[18]
Dornier Do 29 Germany Twin rotor Experimental December 1958 Prototype 2 Utility VTOL testbed. Inverted rotors.[19]
Dufaux triplane Switzerland Experimental 1909 - Central rotor and engine. Built but could not fly.[20]
FLUTR model 1 Germany Flying car 2018 Project 0 [21]
Focke-Achgelis Fa 269 Germany Twin rotor Fighter 1943 - Inverted rotors.[22]
IAI Panther Israel Trirotor Recon UAV 2011 Prototype Third rotor for lift only.[23]
IAI/Hankuk FE-Panther Israel, South Korea Trirotor Recon UAV 2016 Prototype Improved Panther with separate engine for horizontal flight.[24]
Mil Mi-30 USSR Transport 1972 Project 0 "Vintoplan".[25]
Nord Aviation N 500 Cadet France Experimental July 1968 Prototype Ducted fans.[26]
Russian Helicopters Albatross Russia UAV 2015 Project 0 In development; hybrid tiltrotor-tiltwing.[25]
Transcendental Model 1-G US Twin rotor Experimental July 1954 Prototype Single engine.[27]
Transcendental Model 2 US Experimental 1956 - Improved Model 1.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Leishman 2006, p.328
  2. ^ Streep || Abe. " The Personal Tilt-Rotor." Popular Science || Vol. 274, no. 5, May 2009.
  3. ^ Maryland Funds Work On VTOL Unmanned Aircraft Aviation Week & Space Technology, 11 February 2010.
  4. ^ Wynbrandt, James (11 February 2012). "AW609 Finally Ready for its Close-up". Aviation International News. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Project Zero: Half plane, half helicopter" BBC News, 20 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Persistence Pays Off For Mono Tiltrotor Inventor" || Aviation Week 171.16, October 26, 2009, page 64
  7. ^ Maisel 2000. Page 14.
  8. ^ Maisel 2000. Page 70.
  9. ^ Norton 2004
  10. ^ Bell unveils V-247 Vigilant unmanned tiltrotor - Flightglobal.com, 22 September 2016
  11. ^ Bell unveils V-280 Valor mock-up - Flightglobal.com, 21 October 2013
  12. ^ New search for VTOL UAVs may resurrect Bell tiltrotor - Flightglobal.com, 21 January 2016
  13. ^ "Heavy duty: US Army backs tiltrotor as future battlefield airlifter". Flight International, 14 January 2008.
  14. ^ Bergqvist, Pia (7 July 2015). "Video: See New VTOL Drone Concept Fly". Flying. Winter Park, FL: Bonnier Corporation. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  15. ^ "Focke Convertiplane".Flight, 1955, p.214
  16. ^ Connor, R.D. "Curtiss-Wright X-100". National Air and Space Museum. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  17. ^ Jenkins 2004, p.40
  18. ^ Stevenson, Roy, "Doak's One-Off," Aviation History, July 2014, pp. 14–15.
  19. ^ Luftwaffe: Projekte: Do 29. In: Geschichte der Luftwaffe. Bundeswehr. Accessed 2009-06-15.
  20. ^ Taylor 1989, p.347.
  21. ^ "FLUTR". flutr. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  22. ^ Lepage 2009, p.385
  23. ^ "Israel Aerospace Industries unveils Panther UAV". www.theengineer.co.uk. October 5, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  24. ^ Egozi, Arie (19 December 2016). "Hybrid power Panther demonstrated in South Korea". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  25. ^ a b Trimble, Stephen (27 August 2015). "MAKS: Russian Helicopters launches unmanned tiltrotor concept". FlightGlobal. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  26. ^ Taylor 1989, p.33
  27. ^ Maisel 2000. Page 8.
  28. ^ Maisel 2000. Page 11.

Bibliography[edit]