Liu Wei Di Huang Wan
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan, also known as Liuwei Dihuang teapills (simplified Chinese: 六味地黄丸; traditional Chinese: 六味地黃丸; pinyin: liùwèi dìhuáng wán) or Six Flavor Rehmanni, is a prescription (方剂 fāng jì) in traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacy to treat yin deficiency. In Japanese kampo, it is known as "Rokumi-gan" (六味丸 ろくみがん) (it is also known as Kampo #87). It is commonly made into Chinese patent medicine.
The formula was created by Qian Yi (simplified Chinese: 钱乙; traditional Chinese: 錢乙; pinyin: Qián Yǐ) as dihuang pill (地黄丸). It was published in "Xiao'er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue" (also known as "Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases" or "The Correct Execution of Pediatric Medicinals and Patterns" simplified Chinese: 小儿药证直诀; traditional Chinese: 小兒藥證直訣; pinyin: Xiǎo'ér Yào Zhèng Zhí Jué) in 1119 by Qian Yi's student.
The formula was changed slightly when it was borrowed as a Japanese kampo formula. Some Chinese species of herbs were replaced with herbs found in Japan. For example, Alisma plantago-aquatica was replaced with Alisma orientale for zé xiè.
The Liuwei Dihuang Wan is one of the most important Chinese patent medicines, and is widely used in eastern Asia. In China, there are hundreds of medicinal manufacturers who produce Liuwei Dihuang Wan and its derivatives. These derivatives include Zhibai Dihuang Wan, Guifu Dihuang Wan, Mingmu Dihuang Wan, Qiju Dihuang Wan, Maiwei Dihuang Wan, and Guishao Dihuang Wan.
Chinese classic herbal formula
|Name||Common Name||Pinyin||Chinese (T)||Chinese (S)||Katakana||Kanji||Genus species||Action in this formula|
|Rehmanniae Radix||Chinese foxglove root||shú dì huáng||熟地黃||熟地黄||ジオウ||地黄||Rehmannia glutinosa||Nourishes kidney yin & essence|
|Corni Fructus||Japanese cornel fruit||shān zhū yú||山茱萸||山茱萸||サンシュユ||山茱萸||Cornus officinalis||Nourishes the liver & kidney, restrains the leakage of the essence|
|Dioscoreae Rhizoma||Chinese yam rhizome||shān yào||山藥||山药||サンヤク||山薬||Dioscorea polystachya||Tonifies spleen yin & consolidate the essence|
|Alismatis Rhizoma||water plantain rhizome||zé xiè||澤瀉||泽泻||タクシャ||沢瀉||Alisma plantago-aquatica||Promotes urination to prevent buildup of significant fluids|
|Poria||tuckahoe mushroom||fú líng||茯苓||茯苓||ブクリョウ||茯苓||Poria cocos||Bland: drains dampness from the spleen|
|Paeoniae suffruticosa Cortex||tree peony bark||mǔ dān pí||牡丹皮||牡丹皮||ボタンピ||牡丹皮||Paeonia suffruticosa||Clear liver fire|
Japanese kampo formula
|Name||Common name||Pinyin||Chinese (T)||Chinese (S)||Katakana||Kanji||Genus species||Grams||%|
|Rehmanniae Radix||Chinese foxglove root||shú dì huáng||熟地黃||熟地黄||ジオウ||地黄||Rehmannia glutinosa||5.0||25%|
|Corni Fructus||Japanese cornel fruit||shān zhū yú||山茱萸||山茱萸||サンシュユ||山茱萸||Cornus officinalis||3.0||15%|
|Dioscoreae Rhizoma||Japanese yam rhizome||shān yào||山藥||山药||サンヤク||山薬||Dioscorea japonica||3.0||15%|
|Alismatis Rhizoma||water plantain rhizome||zé xiè||澤瀉||泽泻||タクシャ||沢瀉||Alisma orientale||3.0||15%|
|Poria||tuckahoe mushroom||fú líng||茯苓||茯苓||ブクリョウ||茯苓||Poria cocos||3.0||15%|
|Paeoniae suffruticosa Cortex||tree peony bark||mǔ dān pí||牡丹皮||牡丹皮||ボタンピ||牡丹皮||Paeonia suffruticosa||3.0||15%|
- Chinese herbology
- Chinese patent medicine
- Chinese classic herbal formula
- Kampo list
- Kampo herb list
- Zhibai Dihuang Wan
- Xinfeng Zhao, Yue Wang, Yuqing Sun. "Simultaneous determination of four bioactive constituents in Liuwei Dihuang Pills by micellar electrokinetic chromatography", Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Volume 44, Issue 5, 3 September 2007, Pages 1183-1186.
- Huahong Wang, Zhezhi Wang, Wubao Guo. "Comparative determination of ursolic acid and oleanolic acid of Macrocarpium officinalis (Sieb. et Zucc.) Nakai by RP-HPLC", Industrial Crops and Products, Volume 28, Issue 3, November 2008, Pages 328-332.