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לִבְנֶה, ליבנה
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • standard Livneh
 • unofficial Livna
Livne is located in the West Bank
Coordinates: 31°21′20.87″N 35°4′12.35″E / 31.3557972°N 35.0700972°E / 31.3557972; 35.0700972Coordinates: 31°21′20.87″N 35°4′12.35″E / 31.3557972°N 35.0700972°E / 31.3557972; 35.0700972
District Judea and Samaria Area
Council Har Hevron
Region West Bank
Affiliation Amana
Founded 1982
Population (2015)[1] 471
Ruins of Hurvat Anim ancient synagogue near Shani-Livne

Livne (Hebrew: לִבְנֶה‎, lit. Birch), also known as Shani (Hebrew: שָׁנִי‎, lit. Scarlet) is an Israeli settlement. Located in the southern Judaean Mountains, straddling the Green Line and therefore partly in Israel and partly in the West Bank, it is organised as a community settlement and falls under the jurisdiction of Har Hevron Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 471.

The United Nations considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[2]


Livna (Hebrew לבנה) was a city & periphery mentioned in the Book of Joshua (21:13-21) as being allocated by Joshua and Elazar to the Kohen descendants of biblical Aaron. Modern-day Shani-Livne was established in 1982,[3] It is located on the outskirts of Yatir Forest.[4] with residents moving into permanent housing in 1989. The community was renamed Shani in memory of Shani Shacham, the son of former members killed in the line of duty.[5]


Residents working in Beer Sheva, Arad, at the Dead Sea factories, communities of Hebron Regional Council, and in the central region. The Yatir region is known among Israelis for its grapes and wine.[6]


  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Report on the Palestinians under Israeli rule N. 137, Page 23, 1984
  4. ^ The Yatir Forest My Country Israel
  5. ^ To live in the middle of forest, does it get any better…? Shani-Livna
  6. ^ Har Hebron Jewish villages information Har Hevron Regional Council