Amana (organization)

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Purpose"Developing communities in Judea, Samaria, the Golan Heights, the Galilee, the Negev and Gush Katif"

Amana (Covenant) is an Israeli settlement movement formed by Gush Emunim in 1976.[1][2] Its primary goal was "developing communities in Judea, Samaria, the Golan Heights, the Galilee, the Negev and Gush Katif."[3] The initial communities it developed were Ofra, Mevo Modi'in, Kedumim, and Ma'aleh Adumim.[3] Settlements developed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are illegal under international law.[4]

It became a registered association in 1978.[5][6] It was also recognized by the World Zionist Organization.[7] Over time, it became nearly independent of Gush Emunim.[8]

An investigation by the Israeli police into 15 land deals conducted by the Amana subsidiary Al Watan concluded early in 2016 that 14 of the transactions were fraudulent.[9] One method used involved giving a suitcase full of cash to a fake Palestinian owner and taking it back afterwards.[9] Al Watan denied the charges.[9]


  1. ^ Efraim Ben-Zadok. Local communities and the Israeli polity: conflict of values and interests. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  2. ^ Myron J. Aronoff (1989). Israeli Visions and Divisions. Transaction Publishers. p. 83. Retrieved November 18, 2011. amana settlement movement.
  3. ^ a b "אמנה - תנועת ההתיישבות - about us". Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  5. ^ Yael Yishai. Land or peace: whither Israel?. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  6. ^ Ilana Kass, Bard E. O'Neill. The deadly embrace: the impact of Israeli and Palestinian rejectionism on the peace process. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  7. ^ Aharon Kellerman (1993). Society and settlement: Jewish land of Israel in the twentieth century. SUNY Press. p. 93. Retrieved November 18, 2011. amana settlement movement.
  8. ^ Martin E. Marty, R. Scott Appleby. Fundamentalisms observed. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c Chaim Levinson (February 1, 2016). "Almost All West Bank Land Deals for Illegal Settlements Forged, Investigation Finds". Haaretz.

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