Prince Louis, Count of Trani
|Count of Trani|
1 August 1838|
Naples, Two Sicilies
|Died||8 June 1886
|Spouse||Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria|
|Issue||Maria Teresa, Princess of Hohenzollern|
|House||House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies|
|Father||Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies|
|Mother||Maria Theresa of Austria|
Prince Louis Maria of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Count of Trani (1 August 1838, Naples – 8 June 1886, Paris) was the eldest son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.
His maternal grandparents were Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg, Duchess of Teschen. The Duke of Teschen was a son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. The Duchess of Teschen was a great-granddaughter of Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, herself a daughter of George II of the United Kingdom.
Heir to the throne
Their father died on 22 May 1859. Francis became King but had no children yet from his wife Maria Sophie of Bavaria. Louis became his heir presumptive. However the Two Sicilies were conquered by the Expedition of the Thousand under Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1861. Garibaldi served the Kingdom of Sardinia which was in the process of Italian unification.
Louis was still the heir of Francis as head of a deposed Royal House. He retained this position for the rest of his life but predeceased Francis. Francis was eventually succeeded by their younger brother Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta.
On 5 June 1861, Louis married Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria, the fourth daughter of Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Two of Mathilde's sisters were Elisabeth of Bavaria, married to the Emperor of Austria, and Marie Sophie of Bavaria, wife of Louis's older half-brother Francis II of the Two Sicilies. The marriage was unsuccessful almost from the start, and while Louis took refuge in alcohol, Mathilde spent most of her life traveling from place to place, often accompanied by her sisters.
Louis and Mathilde had a single daughter:
Louis had one illegitimate son, Charles of Duzzio (1869-1931).
Princess Maria Teresa married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen on 27 June 1889 and later became the Princess of Hohenzollern when her father-in-law died in 1905. She had two sons and a daughter.
Some sources claim that Louis had in fact died in 1878: his mind clouded by alcohol and tortured by the knowledge that his life was ruined, he threw himself into Lake Zug, near Zürich. These sources claim that it would have been scandalous if it had been revealed that the brother-in-law of the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria had committed suicide.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 1 August 1838 – 8 June 1886: His Royal Highness The Count of Trani
- Knight of the Order of Saint Januarius (1843)
- Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (1843)
- Knight of the Order of Saint Hubert of Bavaria
- Translated from German version of this article.
- "Obituary", The Times (14 June 1886): 7.
- "The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy" by C. Arnold McNaughton.
Media related to Prince Louis, Count of Trani at Wikimedia Commons