Logan v. United States
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|Logan v. United States|
|Argued October 30, 2007
Decided December 4, 2007
|Full case name||Logan v. United States|
|Citations||552 U.S. 23 (more)
552 U.S. 23
|Majority||Ginsburg, joined by unanimous|
Defendant pleaded that his sentence (for being a felon in possession of a firearm) was improperly enhanced under the Armed Career Criminal Act of 1984, 18 U.S.C.S. § 921(a)(20), because it was based on prior convictions which did not result in the loss of civil rights. Since that law did not include prior convictions for sentencing purposes if civil rights were restored, defendant argued that it also applied to preclude his prior state battery convictions from consideration at sentencing because the offenses occasioned no loss of civil rights.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit affirmed his sentence.
Question before the court
Is a conviction that does not result in a loss of civil rights excluded from the "three convictions rule" that are required to activate the Armed Career Criminal Act's sentence enhancement?
Opinion of the court
The Court unanimously held that the "civil rights restored" exemption of convictions for sentence-enhancement purposes did not extend to a defendant who retained his civil rights at all times, and whose postconviction legal status remained in all respects unaltered by any state dispensation. Justice Ginsburg wrote the opinion of the Supreme Court. Restoration of rights meant that the rights were previously taken away, and rights retained were not functionally equivalent to rights revoked but later restored. Further, the other statutory basis for disregarding convictions involved convictions which were expunged or set aside, or for which the offender was pardoned, all of which were postconviction events which relieved consequences of the convictions, and there was no showing of any congressional intent to broaden the "civil rights restored" exemption to cover convictions attended by no loss of civil rights.
- "Logan v. United States". Oyez. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
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