Longest word in Spanish

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This article describes some of the longest words in the Spanish language.

Esternocleidooccipitomastoideos (31-letters) is the plural of the noun esternocleidooccipitomastoideo, which is the sternocleidomastoid, a muscle in the human neck.[1] The word has a 22-letter synonym: esternocleidomastoideo,[2][3][4] which is shorter because it omits the Latin prefix occipito- (occipital).[5] Both words are abbreviated as ECOM.[4]

The 24-letter word electroencefalografistas, plural of electroencefalografista, means "electroencephalographists" or "electroencephalographers": specialists in the brain measurement technology of electroencephalography (EEG).[3][6]

The 23-letter adverb anticonstitucionalmente means "anticonstitutionally".[7] Anticonstitucionalmente is also the Portuguese translation; the French translation, anticonstitutionnellement, is an exceptionally long word as well (25 letters).[7]

Long words[edit]

In the table below, all of the Spanish nouns except for arteriosclerosis can be pluralised by adding an s to the end.

The RAE column indicates whether the Real Academia Española lists and defines the word in the Diccionario de la lengua española, its official dictionary.

Word Letters Part of speech Translation RAE Ref.
esternocleidooccipitomastoideo 30 noun sternocleidomastoid No [1]
anticonstitucionalmente 23 adverb anticonstitutionally No [7]
electroencefalografista 23 noun electroencephalographer Yes [3][6]
esternocleidomastoideo 22 noun sternocleidomastoid Yes [2][8]
electroencefalografía 21 noun electroencephalography Yes [8][9]
otorrinolaringológico 21 adjective otorhinolaryngological Yes [10]
electroencefalograma 20 noun electroencephalogram Yes [8][11]
otorrinolaringología 20 noun otorhinolaryngology Yes [12]
electrocardiografía 19 noun electrocardiography Yes [13]
anticonstitucional 18 adjective anticonstitutional Yes [14]
desconsoladamente 17 adverb disconsolately Yes [15]
arteriosclerosis 16 noun arteriosclerosis Yes [8][16]
electrodoméstico 16 noun home appliance Yes [8][17]
inconstitucional 16 adjective unconstitutional Yes [18]
paralelepípedo 14 noun parallelepiped Yes [8][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roldán Calzado, Juan Luis. "La palabra más larga". Me la juego a letras (in Spanish). Lulu Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-4092-2893-6. Retrieved 2017-03-15 – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ a b "esternocleidomastoideo". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Erichsen, Gerald (15 June 2014). "What Is the Longest Word in Spanish?". ThoughtCo. About, Inc. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  4. ^ a b Peninou, Gilles; Tixa, Serge (2010). "Introducción local: el cuello". Las tensiones musculares: Del diagnóstico al tratamiento (in Spanish). Barcelona: Elsevier Masson. p. 4. ISBN 978-84-458-2015-5. OCLC 889248601. Retrieved 2017-03-15 – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ "occipito-". Merriam Webster Medical Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  6. ^ a b "electroencefalografista". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  7. ^ a b c Sundem, Garth (2009). "The Longest Words in Many Languages". The Geeks' Guide to World Domination. New York: Three Rivers Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-307-45034-0. OCLC 232980435. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Cuáles son las palabras más largas en español (y cuales son las falsas o inventadas)". Solosequenosenada (in Spanish). 2 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "electroencefalografía". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  10. ^ "otorrinolaringológico". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  11. ^ "electroencefalograma". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  12. ^ "otorrinolaringología". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  13. ^ "electrocardiografía". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  14. ^ "anticonstitucional". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  15. ^ "desconsoladamente". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  16. ^ "arteriosclerosis". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  17. ^ "electrodoméstico". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  18. ^ "inconstitucional". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  19. ^ "paralelepípedo". RAE.es (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 2017-03-31.