Lonicera utahensis

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Lonicera utahensis
Lonicera utahensis 6356.JPG

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species:
L. utahensis
Binomial name
Lonicera utahensis

Lonicera utahensis is a species of flowering plant in the honeysuckle family known by the common names Utah honeysuckle, red twinberry, and fly honeysuckle. It is native to western North America from British Columbia, Washington (state), and Oregon, east to Alberta and Montana and south through the Rocky Mountains to Arizona and New Mexico.[1][2][3][4][5]

This honeysuckle is a deciduous shrub growing 1 to 2 meters tall. It has slender, spreading branches and it may take a clumpy form. The leaves are oval or oblong in shape and measure up to 8 centimeters long by 4 wide. The undersides are hairless or have stiff hairs. Pairs of flowers are borne on peduncles up to 15 centimeters long. The flowers are yellow or yellowish white in color and are 1 to 2 centimeters long. The fruit is a red berry almost 1 centimeter wide.[2][3] The seeds are dispersed by animals that eat the fruit, including birds and bears.[2]

This plant occurs in the understory of mature forests, such as those composed of grand fir and Rocky Mountain maple. It is often a climax species. It may be a codominant plant in subalpine fir-common beargrass plant communities. It can be found at 300–3,400 metres (980–11,150 ft) in elevation, but is most common at 1,200–2,400 metres (3,900–7,900 ft). Other associated plants include white spiraea, ninebark, Scouler willow, Sitka alder, thinleaf huckleberry, pinegrass, queencup beadlily, and sweetscented bedstraw.[2]

This plant can be used as an ornamental and in revegetation efforts.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sullivan, Steven. K. (2015). "Lonicera utahensis". Wildflower Search. Retrieved 2015-01-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e Pavek, Diane S. 1993. Lonicera utahensis. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.
  3. ^ a b Lonicera utahensis. Washington Burke Museum.
  4. ^ "Lonicera utahensis". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-17.
  5. ^ Klinkenberg, Brian (Editor) (2014). "Lonicera utahensis". E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Retrieved 2015-01-17.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

External links[edit]