Lord Henry Lennox

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The Right Honourable
Lord Henry Lennox
Henry GC Gordon-Lennox, Vanity Fair, 1870-07-30.jpg
Caricature by Ape published in Vanity Fair in 1870.
First Secretary of the Admiralty
In office
16 July 1866 – 1 December 1868
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by Thomas Baring
Succeeded by William Edward Baxter
First Commissioner of Works
In office
21 March 1874 – 14 August 1876
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by William Patrick Adam
Succeeded by Hon. Gerard Noel
Personal details
Born 2 November 1821 (1821-11-02)
Died 29 August 1886 (1886-08-30) (aged 64)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Amelia Brooman (d. 1903)
Alma mater University of Oxford

Lord Henry George Charles Gordon-Lennox PC (2 November 1821 – 29 August 1886), known as Lord Henry Lennox, was a British Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1846 to 1885 and was a close friend of Benjamin Disraeli.

Background and education[edit]

Lennox was the third son of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond, and Lady Caroline, daughter of Field Marshal Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey. He was the brother of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, Lord Alexander Gordon-Lennox and Lord George Gordon-Lennox. He was educated at The Prebendal School, Chichester, then University of Oxford.[1]

Political career[edit]

Lennox entered the House of Commons in 1846 as Member of Parliament for Chichester, in Sussex. He represented this constituency until 1885,[2] when he stood for Partick, but was defeated.[3]

Lennox held office in every Conservative government between 1852 and 1876. He was a Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1852 and between 1858 and 1859 in the first two short-lived governments of the Earl of Derby before becoming First Secretary of the Admiralty in 1866 in Derby's last government, a post he held until 1868, the last year under the premiership of his close friend Benjamin Disraeli. According to John F. Beeler in British naval policy in the Gladstone-Disraeli era, 1866-1880, Lennox acted as a spy to the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, Disraeli, informing him of the intentions of leading admirals.[4]

He served again under Disraeli as First Commissioner of Works from 1874 to 1876[5] and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1874.[6] He was forced to resign as First Commissioner of Works after revelations in the case of Twycross v Grant regarding the Lisbon Tramways swindle, of which company he was a director.[7][8]

Personal life[edit]

Lennox married Amelia Susannah (née Brooman), widow of John White, in 1883. They had no children. He died in August 1886, aged 64. Lady Henry Lennox died in February 1903.[1]


  1. ^ a b thepeerage.com Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Charles George Gordon-Lennox
  2. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Chichester to Clitheroe
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889, page 214
  4. ^ Beeler, John F. British naval policy in the Gladstone-Disraeli era, 1866-1880, page 74. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24081. p. 1873. 27 March 1874.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24112. p. 3423. 10 July 1874.
  7. ^  Sanders, Lloyd Charles (1893). "Lennox, Charles Gordon-". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  8. ^ The New York Times 7 August 1876. "Affairs in England".

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Abel Smith
Lord Arthur Lennox
Member of Parliament for Chichester
With: John Abel Smith 1846–1859
Humphrey William Freeland 1859–1863
John Abel Smith 1863–1868
(representation reduced to one member 1868)
Succeeded by
The Earl of March
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Baring
First Secretary of the Admiralty
Succeeded by
William Edward Baxter
Preceded by
William Patrick Adam
First Commissioner of Works
Succeeded by
Hon. Gerard Noel