Lord Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard

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Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard (7 October 1766 – 17 June 1824), known as Henry Howard until 1812 and Henry Molyneux-Howard until 1817, was a British gentleman who served as Deputy Earl Marshal in the latter part of the reign of George III and early in the reign of George IV. On the inheritance of the Dukedom of Norfolk in 1815 by his elder brother Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk, Henry Molyneux-Howard in 1817 was granted the courtesy title "Lord", the style of a younger son of a duke.

Origins[edit]

Howard was the son of Henry Howard (1713–1787) (a descendant of Bernard Howard (1641–1714), a younger son of Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel (1608-1652) and younger brother of Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk (1627-1677) and Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (1628-1684)) by his wife Juliana Molyneux, daughter of Sir William Molyneux, 6th Baronet (died 1781), of Teversall, Nottinghamshire, High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 1737.[1]

Career[edit]

On 24 May 1790 Howard was commissioned a captain in the North Battalion, Gloucestershire Militia.[2] He first entered Parliament the same year, being returned for Arundel in Sussex, under the patronage of the Duke of Norfolk of Arundel Castle, and Steyning. His election for Steyning was overturned on petition in 1791, but he represented Arundel until 1795. He was then elected for Gloucester, which seat he held until 1818.[3]

In 1812 on the death of his uncle Sir Francis Molyneux, 7th Baronet, Howard inherited the Molyneux estates of Teversal and Wellow and under the terms of the bequest adopted the surname Molyneux-Howard. In 1815 his elder brother Bernard Howard succeeded a distant cousin as 12th Duke of Norfolk. Because Bernard was a Roman catholic recusant, he was obliged to appoint a deputy to carry out his duties as Earl Marshal, and chose for this post his brother Henry, who was officially appointed to the post in March 1816.[3]

On 14 October 1817 Molyneux-Howard resumed the use of Howard as his principal surname, becoming Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard, and on the following day was granted a warrant of precedence to be styled as a younger son of a duke, and having thus gained the courtesy title "Lord", became known as Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard. He carried out his duties as Deputy Earl Marshal during the planning for the coronation of King George IV (1820-1830), but was unable by reason of illness to act at the actual event, at which his role was taken by his kinsman Lord Howard of Effingham.[3] He was again returned to Parliament for Arundel from 1818 until 1820, in which latter year he was returned for Steyning, which seat he held until his death in 1824.

Marriage & progeny[edit]

On 12 September 1801 Howard-Molyneux-Howard married Elizabeth Long, daughter of Edward Long (1734-1813), a British colonial administrator, historian and author of The History of Jamaica, by whom he had one son and four daughters:

Death & succession[edit]

Howard-Molyneux-Howard died aged 57 in June 1824 after a short illness in his house in Lower Grosvenor Street, Mayfair.[3] His eldest son Henry Howard replaced him in Parliament. The Teversall and Wellow estates, which had been entailed on his second son or eldest daughter, descended to his daughter Henrietta Anna Howard, later Countess of Carnarvon, who adopted the surname of Molyneux-Howard in consequence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ thepeerage.com Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard
  2. ^ "no. 13267". The London Gazette. 21 December 1790. p. 769. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Obituary". Gentleman's Magazine: 81. 1824. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Fitzherbert
Richard Beckford
Member of Parliament for Arundel
1790–1795
With: Sir George Thomas, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir George Thomas, Bt
Sir Thomas Gascoigne, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Richard Howard
Sir John Honywood, Bt
Member of Parliament for Steyning
1790–1791
With: James Martin Lloyd
Succeeded by
Sir John Honywood, Bt
John Curtis
Preceded by
John Webb
John Pitt
Member of Parliament for Gloucester
1795–1801
With: John Pitt
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Gloucester
1801–1818
With: John Pitt 1801–1805
Robert Morris 1805–1816
Edward Webb 1816–1818
Succeeded by
Edward Webb
Robert Bransby Cooper
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Piggott
Francis Wilder
Member of Parliament for Arundel
1812
With: Francis Wilder
Succeeded by
Francis Wilder
Sir Samuel Romilly
Preceded by
Francis Wilder
Sir Samuel Romilly
Member of Parliament for Arundel
1818–1820
With: Sir Arthur Piggott 1818–1819
Robert Blake
Succeeded by
Robert Blake
Viscount Bury
Preceded by
Sir John Aubrey, Bt
George Philips
Member of Parliament for Steyning
1820–1824
With: George Philips
Succeeded by
George Philips
Henry Howard