Lord Kitchener (calypsonian)
|Birth name||Aldwyn Roberts|
|Also known as||Lord Kitchener|
18 April 1922|
Arima, Trinidad and Tobago
|Died||11 February 2000
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Aldwyn Roberts (18 April 1922 – 11 February 2000), better known by the stage name Lord Kitchener (or "Kitch"), was an internationally known Trinidadian calypsonian. He has been described as "the grand master of calypso" and "the greatest calypsonian of the post-war age".
Roberts was born in Arima, Trinidad and Tobago, the son of a blacksmith, Stephen, and housewife, Albertha. He was educated at the Arima Boys Government School until he was 14, when his father died, leaving him orphaned. His father had encouraged him to sing and taught him to play the guitar, and he became a full-time musician, his first job playing guitar for Water Scheme labourers while they laid pipes in the San Fernando Valley. He became locally popular in Arima with songs such as "Shops Close Too Early", and joined the Sheriff Band as lead singer. He won the Arima borough council's calypso competition five times between 1938 and 1942.
He moved to Port of Spain in 1943 where he joined the Roving Brigade. He was spotted singing "Mary I am Tired and Disgusted" (aka "Green Fig") with the group by Johnny Khan, who invited him to perform in his Victory Tent, where he met fellow calypsonian Growling Tiger, who decided Roberts should from that point be known as Lord Kitchener. He became known as an innovator, introducing musical and lyrical changes, including frequent criticism of the British government's control of the island. He became popular with US troops based on the island, leading to performances in New York.
He toured Jamaica for six months in 1947-8 with Lord Beginner (Egbert Moore) and Lord Woodbine (Harold Philips) before they took passage on the Empire Windrush to England in 1948. Upon his arrival, Kitchener performed the specially-written song "London is the Place to Be", which he sang live on a report for Pathé News.
Within two years he was a regular performer on BBC radio, and was much in demand for live performances. He found further success in the UK in the 1950s, building a large following in the expatriate communities of the West Indian islands, and having hits with "Kitch", "Food from the West Indie", "Tie Tongue Mopsy", and "Alec Bedser Calypso", while remaining popular in T&T.
His prominence continued throughout the 1950s, when calypso achieved international success. Kitchener became a very important figure to those first 5,000 West Indian migrants to the UK. His music spoke of home and a life that they all longed for but in many cases couldn't or wouldn't return to. He immortalised the defining moment for many of the migrants in writing the Victory Calypso with its lyrics "Cricket, Lovely Cricket" to celebrate West Indies cricket team's first victory over England in England, in the 2nd Test at Lord's in June 1950. This was one of the first widely known West Indian songs, and epitomised an event that historian and cricket enthusiast C. L. R. James defined as crucial to West Indian post-colonial societies.
Kitchener returned to Trinidad in 1962. He and the Mighty Sparrow proceeded to dominate the calypso competitions of the sixties and seventies. Lord Kitchener won the road march competition ten times between 1965 and 1976, more times than any other calypsonian. For 30 years, Kitchener ran his own calypso tent, Calypso Revue, within which he nurtured the talent of many calypsonians. Calypso Rose, David Rudder, Black Stalin and Denyse Plummer are among the many artists who got their start under Kitchener's tutelage. Later he moved towards soca, a related style, and continued recording until his death. Kitchener's compositions were enormously popular as the chosen selections for steel bands to perform at the annual National Panorama competition during Trinidad Carnival. He won his only Calypso King title in 1975 with "Tribute to Spree Simon". He stopped competing in 1976.
Kitchener saw the potential of the new soca phenomenon of the late 1970s and adopted the genre on a string of albums over the years that followed. He recorded his most commercially successful song, and one of the earliest major soca hits, "Sugar Bum Bum" in 1978.
In 1993 a campaign was launched for Kitchener to received the island's highest civilian honour, the Trinity Cross. The government declined but offered him a lesser honour, which he turned down.
Having been diagnosed with bone marrow cancer, Kitchener retired in 1999 after delivering a final album, Vintage Kitch. He died on 11 February 2000 of a blood infection and kidney failure at the Mount Hope Hospital in Port of Spain. He is buried in the Santa Rosa Cemetery in Arima.
It was always important to Kitchener throughout his career to gain new experiences that could be woven into his material. This led him to performances in Curaçao, Aruba and Jamaica in the early days, and finally to London, when he was already flying high in Trinidad. Kitchener once said: "I have reached the height of my popularity in Trinidad. What am I doing here? I should make a move."
In 1952, he met his wife Elsie Lines. They married in 1953, and lived for a period in Manchester where Kitchener ran a nightclub. They divorced in 1968. He later married and had four children (Christian, Kernal, Quweina and Kirnister Roberts) with Valarie Green, and also had a relationship with Betsy Pollard.
Kitchener's son, Kernal Roberts, is also a performer, playing drums for the biggest soca band in the country, Xtatik. He is also their musical director and composer of multiple Soca Monarch and Road March titles. He is noted as being a prolific musical composer and songwriter.
|1946||"Jump in Line"|
|1964||"Mama dis is Mas"|
|1971||"Mas in Madison Square Garden"|
|1975||"Tribute to Spree Simon"|
|Year||Song 1||Song 2|
|1975||"Tribute to Spree Simon"||"Fever"|
- Calypso Kitch (1960), RCA Victor
- Lord Kitchener (1964), RCA Victor
- Mr. Kitch (1965), RCA Victor
- King of Calypso (1965), Melodisc
- Kitch 67 (1966), RCA Victor
- King of the Road (1969), Tropico
- Sock It to Me Kitch (1970), Tropico
- Curfew Time (1971), Trinidad
- Hot Pants (1972), Trinidad/Straker's
- We Walk 100 Miles with 'Kitch'" (1973), Trinidad
- Tourist in Trinidad with Kitch (1974), Trinidad
- Carnival Fever (1975), Trinidad
- Sings Calypsos (With And Without Social Significance) (1975), Sounds of the Caribbean
- Home for Carnival (1976), Kalinda
- Hot and Sweet (1976), Charlie's
- Melody Of The 21st Century (1977), Charlie's
- Spirit of Carnival (1978), Trinidad
- Shooting with Kitch (1980), Charlie's
- Kitch Goes Soca - Soca Jean (1980), Charlie's
- Authenticity (1981), Charlie's
- 200 Years Of Mass (1982), Charlie's
- Simply Wonderful (1983), Trinidad
- The Master At Work (1984), Kalico
- The Grand Master (1986), B's
- Kitch On The Equator (1986), Benmac
- TrinGhana "Haunting Melodies" (1987), Trinighana - with Little Joe Ayesu
- 100% Kitch (1987), B's
- A Musical Excursion (1989), JW Productions
- The Honey In Kitch (1991), MC Productions
- Roadmarch & Panorama King Still #1 (1991), JW Productions
- Longevity (1993), JW Productions
- Still Escalating (1994), JW Productions
- Ah Have It Cork (1995), JW Productions
- Incredible Kitch (1996), JW Productions
- Symphony On The Street (1997), JW Productions
- Classic Kitch (1999), JW Productions
- Lord Kitchener Tribute
- Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 149–154
- Talevski, Nick (2010) Knocking on Heaven's Door: Rock Obituaries, Omnibus Press, ISBN 978-1846090912, p. 343
- Kitch's Korner: Lord Kitchener, pre-eminent composer of Steelband Music
- Pareles, Jon (2000) "Lord Kitchener, 77, Calypso Songwriter Who Mixed Party Tunes With Deeper Messages", The New York Times, 14 February 2000. Retrieved 2 May 2016
- Philip Carter, ‘Roberts, Aldwyn (1922–2000)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2012 accessed 16 Jan 2013
- Harris, Craig "Aldwyn Robert Biography", Allmusic. Retrieved 2 May 2016
- Spencer, Neil (2011) "Lord Kitchener steps off the Empire Windrush", The Guardian, 16 June 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2016
- See the illuminating discography (under collection, personal) at http://www.rootsofcalypso.com/ and another at http://www.tntisland.com/kitchfacts.html
- "Lord Kitchener, Calypso Ignite Test Cricket", Jamaica Gleaner, 17 April 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2016
- "Lord Kitchener", Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2 May 2016
- Broughton, Simon; Ellinghan, Mark; McConnachie, James (eds.) (2000) World Music: The Rough Guide vol. 2 - Latin and North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1858286365, p. 512