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Lorne viewed from the west beach along Louttit Bay
|Population||1,114 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Surf Coast Shire|
Lorne is a seaside town on Louttit Bay in Victoria, Australia. It is situated about the Erskine River and is a popular destination on the Great Ocean Road tourist route. Lorne is in the Surf Coast Shire and at the 2016 census had a population of 1,114 but this figure grows during the holiday season.
Prior to British settlement, Lorne was part of the traditional lands of the Gadubanud or King Parrot people of the Cape Otway coast according to Ian Clark, although many popular websites report that the area was occupied by the Kolakngat Aborigines.
Lorne is situated on a bay named after Captain Louttit, who sought shelter there in 1841 while supervising the retrieval of cargo from a nearby shipwreck. The coast was surveyed five years later in 1846. The first European settler was William Lindsay, a timber-cutter who began felling the area in 1849. The first telegraph arrived in 1859. Subdivision began in 1869 and in 1871 the town was named after the Marquess of Lorne from Argyleshire in Scotland on the occasion of his marriage to Princess Louise, one of Queen Victoria's daughters. The Post Office opened on 29 April 1874.
In 1891, the area was visited by Rudyard Kipling, who was inspired to write the poem Flowers, which includes the lines:
Buy my hot-wood clematis,
Buy a frond of fern,
Gathered where the Erskine leaps
Down the road to Lorne.
By 1922 the Great Ocean Road was extended to Lorne, making the town much more accessible. The first passenger road service to Geelong was established in 1924 and guesthouses began to appear after 1930. The local fishing industry expanded significantly in the 1930s and 1940s. The Ash Wednesday bushfires swept through the area in 1983, destroying 76 houses.
Lorne Magistrates' Court closed on 1 October 1984.
Popular local activities include traditional beach pursuits such as family bathing and surfing, as well as pier fishing for barracuda, whiting, and trevally. Teddy's Lookout lies at the end of George Street on the town's southern outskirts and offers fine views over the town, coastline, and Great Ocean Road. The Great Otway National Park is nearby; the Erskine River, which rises in the park and contains the Erskine Falls, has its mouth at Lorne.
The town's population swells to around 13,000 each New Year's Eve when the Falls Festival takes place. During the first weekend of January over 20,000 spectators visit Lorne when the town hosts the 1.2 km Pier to Pub swim (described in the Guinness Book of Records as "the largest organised ocean swim in the world" and currently capped at 4,000 competitors), the 8 km Mountain to Surf run, and the Lorne Surf Boat Race. Terminating in Lorne on the Queen's Birthday was the Great Otway Classic Foot Race (no longer held). Fair on the Foreshore occurs on the first weekend in November.
Golf and tennis are played at the Lorne Country Club on Holliday Road.
The town has two pubs (The Grand Pacific Hotel and Lorne Hotel) and a number of cafes, restaurants, and bakeries, mostly located along Mountjoy Parade. The town is serviced by one supermarket with a reasonable range of products, given the wide range of needs from locals to camping families to passing motorists. They stock local products such as breads and preserves. Other stores sell more local fruits, vegetables, cheese, and there are bakeries. As usual in a tourist town, there is a large number of boutiques and clothing stores, as well as a book store, art galleries, and craft shops. There are also more regular shops such as real estate agents, a pharmacy, and post office. Lorne has The Great Ocean Road Museum, which describes the history of the road.
Mobile coverage and speeds may be affected during summertime as Lorne is an extremely popular tourist destination.
Lorne has one school, Lorne P-12 College, that facilitates both primary and secondary education.
Heritage listed sites
Lorne contains a number of heritage listed sites, including:
- 35 Mountjoy Parade, Erskine House
- Great Ocean Road
- 242-244 Mountjoy Parade, Jura
- 222 Mountjoy Parade, Leighwood
- 76-80 Mountjoy Parade, Lorne Cinema
- 18 Smith Street and 15 Grove Road, Lorne Primary School
- Pier to Pub
- Falls Festival (New Years)
- Great Ocean Road Marathon
- Lorne Festival of Performing Arts
- Lorne Film
- Lorne Sculpture Biennale
- Schoolies Week
- Swing Bridge Model Boat Regatta
- Caulfield Cup Punting Bonanza
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lorne (Vic.) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- Ian D. Clark, pp119-123, Scars on the Landscape. A Register of Massacre sites in Western Victoria 1803-1859, Aboriginal Studies Press, 1995 ISBN 0-85575-281-5
- Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List, retrieved 23 February 2021
- "Review of Legal Services in Rural and Regional Victoria" (PDF). Parliament of Victoria Law Reform Committee. May 2001. pp. 291–292. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
- Lorne - Tourism Victoria, retrieved 10 July 2013
- Lorne Surf Life Saving Club
- Full Points Footy, Lorne, archived from the original on 24 April 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
- Tourism Victoria, Lorne Country Club, retrieved 10 July 2013
- "Erskine House (H1812)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Great Ocean Road (H2261)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Jura (H0822)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Leighwood (H0604)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Lorne Cinema (H2230)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Primary School No. 2161 (H1716)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
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