Lotus Prize for Literature
The Lotus Prize for Literature (also known as Lotus International Reward for Literature or The Lotus Prize for African and Asian Literature) was a literary award presented annually to African and Asian authors by the Afro-Asian Writers' Association (also known as Association of Asian and African Writers).
The Bureau, as the Association was initially known, was founded in Sri Lanka in 1958. In 1962 it moved to Cairo with Youssef El-Sebai elected general secretary. The Bureau began to publish Lotus Magazine, a forum for short-stories, poetry, book reviews and literary essays. The inaugural Lotus Prize was given in 1969 to Alex La Guma who was living in exile in London at the time. After the assassination of its secretary-general, the Bureau moved to Beirut, then Tunisia, and finally came back to Cairo. Lutfi El-Kholi became its secretary-general and when he died, the movement began to falter.
- 1969 Alex La Guma
- 1970 Waleed Seif
- 1971 Sonomyn Udval
- 1972 Hiroshi Noma
- 1973 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
- 1974 Youssef El-Sebai
- 1975 Kim Chi-Ha
- 1975 Ghassan Kanafani
- 1975 Chinua Achebe
- 1976 Faiz Ahmed Faiz
- 1977 Subhas Mukhopadhyay 
- 1978 Meja Mwangi
- 1978 Abd Alkareem Alkarmi (Abu Salma)
- 1979 Antonio Jacinto
- 1980 Hussein Morowah (also spelled as Mroué)
- 1981 Bhisham Sahni
- 1981 Makoto Oda
- 1982 Ataol Behramoglu
- 1983 José Craveirinha
- Mahmoud Darwish
- Arana, R. Victoria (2008). The Facts on File companion to world poetry: 1900 to the present. Infobase Publishing. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-8160-6457-1. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- "Plain Talk", Mursi Saad El-Din, El-Ahram, 2006.
- Parekh, Pushpa Naidu; Jagne, Siga Fatima (1998). Postcolonial African writers: a bio-bibliographical critical sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-313-29056-5. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- Lotus. Permanent Bureau of Afro-Asian Writers. 1973. p. 194. Retrieved 25 November 2011. Cite error: Invalid
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- Lotus. Permanent Bureau of Afro-Asian Writers. 1976. p. 5. Retrieved 25 November 2011. Cite error: Invalid
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- Rollyson, Carl Edmund; Magill, Frank Northen (June 2003). Critical Survey of Drama: Jane Martin - Lennox Robinson. Salem Press. p. 2466. ISBN 978-1-58765-107-6. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- Mattar, Phillip. Facts on File Encylopedia of the Palestinians. pp. 275–276.
- Arana, R. Victoria (2008). The Facts on File companion to world poetry: 1900 to the present. Infobase Publishing. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-8160-6457-1. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- Subhas Mukhopadhyay, 1919-, Library of Congress
- Meja Mwangi, British Council Literature
- , Barghouti
- "News and Notes", PN Review 82, Volume 18 Number 2, November - December 1991.
- Bhisham Sahni, 1915-, Library of Congress
- The Asahi Shimbun "Oda, writer and peace activist, dies at 75" 30 July 2007
- Overseas Guest Poets for TPF2008
- 'America' in the Poetry of José Craveirinha, English in Africa, Vol. 31, No. 1, May, 2004. JSTOR
- Mahmoud Darwish Biography
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